Table 5
Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) per 100,000 person-years at risk, showing rate ratios (RR) and rate differences (RD), by selected socio-economic characteristics, non-institutionalized women aged 25 or older at baseline, Canada, 1991 to 2001

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Characteristic Baseline population Deaths ASMR 95 % confidence interval RR 95 % confidence interval RD 95 % confidence interval
from to from to from to
Education
University degree 161,100 4,656 549.2 532.7 566.2 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Postsecondary diploma 253,100 11,292 602.6 591.4 614.1 1.10 1.06 1.14 53.4 33.2 73.6
Secondary graduation 484,000 26,517 666.5 658.5 674.6 1.21 1.17 1.25 117.3 98.7 135.9
Less than secondary graduation 478,600 64,803 781.3 774.8 787.8 1.42 1.38 1.47 232.0 214.1 250.0
Occupation: Boyd-NP socioeconomic quintile
Quintile 5 - highest 151,500 2,566 534.0 489.5 582.5 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Quintile 4 186,900 3,691 586.7 554.5 620.8 1.10 0.99 1.22 52.8 -4.3 109.8
Quintile 3 221,200 5,254 583.8 560.3 608.3 1.09 0.99 1.20 49.9 -2.4 102.2
Quintile 2 169,200 4,545 606.3 578.2 635.7 1.14 1.03 1.25 72.3 17.7 126.9
Quintile 1 - lowest 218,700 6,894 620.4 598.7 642.8 1.16 1.06 1.28 86.4 35.0 137.8
No occupation 429,300 84,318 823.7 816.2 831.3 1.54 1.41 1.68 289.7 242.7 336.8
Occupation: skill-based categories
Professional 160,300 2,697 484.9 450.5 521.8 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Managerial 65,800 1,486 590.2 535.9 650.0 1.22 1.08 1.37 105.3 38.1 172.5
Skilled/Technical/Supervisory 260,100 6,689 598.5 578.7 619.0 1.23 1.14 1.34 113.7 72.8 154.6
Semi-skilled 360,600 8,848 601.6 579.8 624.1 1.24 1.14 1.35 116.7 74.8 158.7
Unskilled 100,600 3,230 649.9 614.2 687.7 1.34 1.22 1.47 165.1 113.9 216.2
No occupation 429,300 84,318 823.7 816.2 831.3 1.70 1.58 1.83 338.9 302.4 375.3
Income adequacy quintile
Quintile 5 - richest 277,500 12,955 592.3 581.7 603.1 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Quintile 4 278,200 13,612 633.1 622.3 644.0 1.07 1.04 1.10 40.8 25.5 56.0
Quintile 3 277,700 16,182 666.5 656.3 677.0 1.13 1.10 1.15 74.3 59.4 89.1
Quintile 2 270,300 25,129 722.0 712.7 731.4 1.22 1.19 1.25 129.7 115.5 143.8
Quintile 1 - poorest 273,000 39,390 884.3 874.3 894.4 1.49 1.46 1.53 292.0 277.4 306.6
Visible minority
Not visible minority 1,272,800 103,973 713.3 708.9 717.7 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Black 20,000 729 555.2 514.0 599.7 0.78 0.72 0.84 -158.1 -201.1 -115.0
Southwest Asian or Arab 9,600 356 574.8 513.5 643.3 0.81 0.72 0.90 -138.5 -203.4 -73.6
South Asian 19,000 464 573.2 514.3 638.8 0.80 0.72 0.90 -140.1 -202.4 -77.8
East Asian 34,000 1,266 471.7 446.0 498.8 0.66 0.63 0.70 -241.6 -268.3 -214.9
Southeast Asian or Pacific Islander 14,900 359 440.7 392.7 494.5 0.62 0.55 0.69 -272.6 -323.6 -221.6
Latin American 4,800 78 458.7 353.7 594.9 0.64 0.50 0.83 -254.6 -373.9 -135.2
Multiple visible minorities 1,700 43 498.5 334.1 743.6 0.70 0.47 1.04 -214.8 -414.2 -15.4
Aboriginal origins
No Aboriginal origins 1,316,500 103,890 318.9 316.5 321.3 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Any Aboriginal origins 60,200 3,378 559.8 541.2 579.0 1.76 1.70 1.82 240.9 221.8 259.9
Registered Indian status
Not Registered Indian 1,344,700 105,139 321.2 318.8 323.5 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Registered Indian 32,100 2,129 623.7 597.7 650.8 1.94 1.86 2.03 302.5 275.9 329.2
Place of birth
Same province as residence 883,400 66,810 734.2 728.6 739.8 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Different province 210,600 17,131 717.3 706.6 728.2 0.98 0.96 0.99 -16.9 -29.0 -4.7
Foreign 282,800 23,327 611.9 603.9 620.1 0.83 0.82 0.85 -122.3 -132.1 -112.4
Year of immigration
Non-immigrant 1,096,800 84,181 730.8 725.8 735.8 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Before 1971 149,500 18,825 637.2 627.0 647.5 0.87 0.86 0.89 -93.6 -105.0 -82.3
1971 to 1980 65,300 2,495 547.7 525.8 570.5 0.75 0.72 0.78 -183.1 -206.0 -160.2
1981 to 1985 23,400 799 526.1 490.1 564.8 0.72 0.67 0.77 -204.7 -242.3 -167.0
1986 to 1991 35,000 665 454.4 417.8 494.1 0.62 0.57 0.68 -276.4 -314.8 -238.0
Non-permanent resident 6,800 303 721.4 633.5 821.7 0.99 0.87 1.12 -9.4 -103.3 84.6
Residence 1 year before
Same address 1,179,000 94,654 698.7 694.3 703.2 1.00. ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Different address in same province 155,700 6,452 779.6 760.2 799.6 1.12 1.09 1.15 80.9 60.7 101.1
Different province 12,500 412 680.4 613.4 754.8 0.97 0.88 1.08 -18.3 -89.0 52.4
Foreign 7,400 125 428.7 349.8 525.4 0.61 0.50 0.75 -270.0 -357.3 -182.7
Not applicable 22,100 5,625 785.4 750.6 821.9 1.12 1.07 1.18 86.7 50.8 122.7
Marital status
Legally married 864,800 37,176 610.4 603.3 617.5 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Common-law 88,900 2,012 822.3 750.1 901.5 1.35 1.23 1.48 212.0 136.1 287.9
Widowed 144,800 47,074 842.5 811.4 874.7 1.38 1.33 1.44 232.1 199.7 264.6
Separated 39,000 2,362 798.4 763.7 834.7 1.31 1.25 1.37 188.0 151.9 224.2
Divorced 79,800 5,461 830.1 804.0 857.0 1.36 1.31 1.41 219.7 192.3 247.1
Never married 159,500 13,183 808.4 793.1 823.9 1.32 1.30 1.35 198.0 181.1 215.0
Living arrangements
Living with relatives 1,136,800 57,804 674.6 669.0 680.3 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Living with non-relatives 32,000 2,394 874.1 839.2 910.4 1.30 1.24 1.35 199.5 163.5 235.5
Living alone 187,200 41,481 817.7 806.7 828.8 1.21 1.19 1.23 143.1 130.7 155.5
Not applicable 20,700 5,589 808.6 769.4 849.8 1.20 1.14 1.26 134.0 93.4 174.6
Mother tongue
English 794,100 64,432 748.1 742.3 753.9 1.00 ..... ... 0.0 ... ...
French 345,900 25,727 666.3 658.1 674.6 0.89 0.88 0.90 -81.8 -91.9 -71.7
English and French (rare) 4,400 448 783.0 711.4 861.8 1.05 0.95 1.15 34.9 -40.4 110.2
Neither English nor French 232,400 16,661 616.5 607.1 626.0 0.82 0.81 0.84 -131.6 -142.7 -120.5
Knowledge of official languages
English only 925,200 75,326 728.6 723.4 733.8 1.00 ..... ... 0.0 ... ...
French only 209,100 17,175 675.0 664.7 685.4 0.93 0.91 0.94 -53.6 -65.2 -42.0
Both English and French 221,700 12,139 628.4 617.2 639.7 0.86 0.85 0.88 -100.2 -112.6 -87.8
Neither English nor French 20,800 2,628 601.5 576.1 628.1 0.83 0.79 0.86 -127.1 -153.6 -100.5
Community size
1 million or more 433,000 32,050 662.1 654.9 669.5 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
500,000 to 999,999 225,200 16,544 687.5 677.0 698.1 1.04 1.02 1.06 25.4 12.5 38.2
100,000 to 499,999 212,100 18,096 733.1 722.3 744.0 1.11 1.09 1.13 70.9 57.9 84.0
10,000 to 99,999 191,900 15,906 727.0 715.6 738.5 1.10 1.08 1.12 64.8 51.3 78.4
Less than 10,000 (rural and small town) 314,600 24,672 734.9 725.7 744.2 1.11 1.09 1.13 72.7 61.0 84.5
Metropolitan influence zone
CMA or CA 1,066,500 82,827 693.6 688.8 698.3 1.00 ..... ... 0.0 ... ...
Rural and small town
Strong metropolitan influence 67,800 4,686 695.2 675.6 715.4 1.00 0.97 1.03 1.6 -18.9 22.1
Moderate metropolitan influence 111,700 9,686 722.6 708.1 737.3 1.04 1.02 1.06 29.0 13.7 44.4
Weak metropolitan influence 109,800 8,468 756.8 740.7 773.3 1.09 1.07 1.12 63.3 46.3 80.2
No metropolitan influence 21,000 1,601 844.5 803.8 887.3 1.22 1.16 1.28 151.0 108.9 193.0
Activity limitation
No activity limitation 1,228,600 65,852 577.3 572.9 581.8 1.00 .... ... 0.0 ... ...
Any activity limitation 141,100 39,745 1330.1 1312.9 1347.5 2.30 2.27 2.34 752.8 734.9 770.6
Not applicable 7,100 1,671 989.5 926.4 1056.9 1.71 1.60 1.83 412.2 346.8 477.6
reference category
Note: Reference population (person-years at risk) was taken from the total cohort age distribution for all variables except Aboriginal variables, for which the Aboriginal age distribution was used.
Source: Census mortality follow-up study, 1991 to 2001.
Table source: Statistics Canada, 2008, "The Canadian census mortality follow-up study, 1991 through 2001", Health Reports, September 2008, Catalogue number 82-003-X