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1. Health Canada. Canadian Guidelines for Body Weight Classification in Adults. (Catalogue H49-179) Ottawa: Health Canada, 2003.

2. Lau DC, Douketis JD, Morrison KM, et al.  2006 Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children [summary]. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2007; 176(8 Suppl.): S1-13.

3. World Health Organization. Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio. Report of a WHO Consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2011.

4. Tjepkema M. Adult obesity. Health Reports 2006; 17(3): 9-25.

5. Ardern CI, Katzmarzyk PT, Janssen I, Ross R. Discrimination of health risk by combined body mass index and waist circumference. Obesity Research 2003; 11(1): 135-42.

6. Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, Ross R. Body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk: evidence in support of current National Institutes of Health guidelines. Archives of Internal Medicine 2002; 162(18): 2074-9.

7. National Institutes of Health, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: the evidence report. Obesity Research 1998; 6: S51-210.

8. Janssen I, Shields M, Craig CL, Tremblay MS. Changes in the Obesity Phenotype Within Canadian Children and Adults, 1981 to 2007-2009. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011.

9. Elobeid MA, Desmond RA, Thomas O, et al.  Waist circumference values are increasing beyond those expected from BMI increases. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15(10): 2380-3.

10. Statistics Canada. Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) Data User Guide: Cycle 1. Available at: Accessed 26 September 2011.

11. Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. Canada Fitness Survey Household Survey: Micro-data Tape Documentation. Ottawa: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, 1992.

12. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP). The Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Approach (CPAFLA) 3rd edition. Ottawa: Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, 2003.

13. World Health Organization. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation on Obesity. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2000.

14. Browning LM, Hsieh SD, Ashwell M. A systematic review of waist-to-height ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: 0.5 could be a suitable global boundary value. Nutrition Research Reviews 2010; 23(2): 247-69.

15. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 12-001) 1992; 18(2): 209-17.

16. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5: 281-310.