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1. Malenfant ÉC, Lebel A, Martel L. Projections of the Diversity of the Canadian Population, 2006 to 2031 (Catalogue 91-551-X) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010.

2. DesMeules M, Gold J, Kazanjian A, et al. New approaches to immigrant health assessment. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2004; 95(3): I22-6.

3. Perez CE. Health status and health behaviours among immigrants. Health Reports 2002; 13 (Suppl.): 1-13.

4. Newbold KB. Self-rated health within the Canadian immigrant population: risk and the healthy immigrant effect. Social Science and Medicine 2005; 60(6): 1359-70.

5. Hyman I. Immigration and Health. Health Policy Working Paper Series. Working Paper 01-05. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2001.

6. Ng E, Wilkins R, Gendron F. Dynamics of immigrant's health in Canada: Evidence from the National Population Health Survey. Healthy Today, Healthy Tomorrow? Findings from the National Population Health Survey (Catalogue 82-618-MWE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2005.

7. Ng E. The healthy immigrant effect and mortality rates. Health Reports 2011; 22(4): 25-9.

8. Creatore MI, Moineddin R, Booth G, et al. Age- and sex-related prevalence of diabetes mellitus among immigrants to Ontario, Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal; 182(8): 781-9. doi:10.1503/cmaj.091551.

9. Wilkins R, Tjepkema M, Mustard C, Choinière R. The Canadian census mortality follow-up study, 1991 through 2001. Health Reports 2008; 19(3): 25-43.

10. Rotermann M. The impact of considering birthplace in analyses of immigrant health. Health Reports 2011; 22(4): 37-43.

11. Chiu M, Austin PC, Manuel DG, Tu J. Comparison of cardiovascular risk profiles among ethnic groups using population health surveys between 1996 and 2007. Canadian Medical Association Journal; 182(8): E301-10. doi:10.1503/cmaj.091676.

12. Berthelot JM, Ross NA, Tremblay S. Regional socio-economic context and health. Health Reports 2002; 13(Suppl): 1-12.

13. Wilkins R, Berthelot JM, Ng E. Trends in mortality by neighbourhood income in urban Canada from 1971 to 1996. Health Reports 2002; 13(Suppl): 1-27.

14. Hou F, Chen J. Neighbourhood low income, income inequality and health in Toronto. Health Reports 2003; 14(2): 21-34.

15. Chui T, Tran K, Maheux H. Immigration in Canada: A Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population, 2006 Census (Catalogue 97-557-XIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 2007.

16. Davies WKD, Murdie RA. 1993. Measuring the social ecology of cities. In: Bourne LS, Ley DF, eds. The Changing Social Geography of Canadian Cities. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press.

17. Hou F, Myles J. Neighbourhood inequality, relative deprivation and self-perceived health status. Analytical Studies Branch–Research Paper Series, No. 228 (Catalogue 11F0019MIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2004.

18. Hou F. Recent immigration and the formation of visible minority neighbourhoods in Canada's largest cities. Neighbourhood inequality, relative deprivation and self-perceived health status. Analytical Studies Branch–Research Paper Series, No. 221 (Catalogue 11F0019MIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2004.

19. Peters PA, Oliver LN, Carrière G M. Geozones : An area-based method for analysis of health outcomes. Health Reports 2012; 23(1): 55-64.

20. Statistics Canada. 2006 Census Dictionary (Catalogue 92-566-X) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010.

21. Johnston R, Voas D, Poulsen M. Measuring spatial concentration: the use of threshold profiles. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 2003; 30: 3-14.

22. Hou F. The initial destinations and redistribution of Canada's major foreign-born groups: Changes over the past two decades. Analytical Studies – Research Paper Series, No. 254 (Catalogue 11F0019MIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2005.

23. Statistics Canada. Profiles for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions and Dissemination Areas, 2006 Census (Catalogue 94-581-XCB2006) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2008.

24. Wilkins R, Khan S. PCCF + Version 5G User's Guide (Catalogue 82F0086-XDB) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010. Available at: Accessed March 20, 2011.

25. Wilkins R, Khan S. PCCF + Version 5H User's Guide (Catalogue 82F0086-XDB) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2011. Available at: Accessed March 20, 2011.

26. World Health Organization and Canadian Institute for Health Information. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2009.

27. World Health Organization and National Center for Health Statistics. International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, Sixth Edition. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 2008.

28. Hyman I. Setting the stage: Reviewing current knowledge on the health of Canadian immigrants. What is the evidence and where are the gaps? Canadian Journal of Public Health 2004;  95(3): I4-8.

29. Spiegelman M. Introduction to Demography, Revised Edition. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1968.

30. Chen J, Wilkins R, Ng E. Life expectancy of Canada's immigrants from 1986 to 1991. Health Reports 1996; 8(3): 29-38.

31. Tomlin AM, Tilyard MW, Dovey SM, Dawson AG. Hospital admissions in diabetic and non-diabetic patients: A case-control study. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2006; 73(3): 260-7.

32. Bo S, Ciccone G, Grassi G, et al. Patients with type 2 diabetes had higher rates of hospitalization than the general population. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2004; 57(11): 1196-201.

33. Carrière G, Garner R, Sanmartin C, LHAD Research Team. Acute-care Hospitalizations and Aboriginal Identity in Canada, 2001/2002. Health Research Working Paper Series (Catalogue 82-622-X, No. 005) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010. Available at:  Accessed March 20, 2011.