Table 2
Selected violations, by most serious offences, Canada, 2007 and 2008

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Type of violation 2007r 2008 Percent change in rate 2007 to 2008 Percent change in rate 1998 to 2008
number rate number rate percent
Population 32,927,372 ... 33,311,389 ... ... ...
Total - all violations 2,534,730 7,698 2,473,087 7,424 -4 -17
Total Criminal Code violations (including traffic) 2,404,032 7,301 2,337,874 7,018 -4 -18
Total Criminal Code violations (excluding traffic)– "Crime rate" 2,271,754 6,899 2,194,705 6,588 -5 -19
Total violent Criminal Code violations1 445,252 1,352 441,782 1,326 -2 -1
Homicide 594 2 611 2 2 -1
Other violations causing death 85 0 85 0 -1 -31
Attempted murder 793 2 723 2 -10 -12
Sexual assault - level 3 - aggravated 141 0 139 0 -3 -43
Sexual assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm 387 1 352 1 -10 -40
Sexual assault - level 1 20,906 63 20,992 63 -1 -23
Sexual violations against children2 542 2 1,379 4
Assault - level 3 - aggravated 3,481 11 3,554 11 1 23
Assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm 54,788 166 54,251 163 -2 32
Assault - level 1 180,790 549 180,096 541 -2 -11
Assault police officer 9,873 30 9,699 29 -3 29
Other assaults 4,011 12 4,079 12 1 -33
Firearms - use of, discharge, pointing 1,642 5 1,506 5 -9 68
Robbery3 34,182 104 32,281 97 -7 -11
Forcible confinement or kidnapping 4,660 14 4,671 14 -1 126
Abduction 482 1 464 1 -5 -49
Extortion 1,393 4 1,385 4 -2 -48
Criminal harassment 18,179 55 18,347 55 0 -7
Uttering threats 78,202 237 78,500 236 -1 50
Threatening or harassing phone calls 26,227 80 24,756 74 -7 -34
Other violent Criminal Code violations 3,894 12 3,912 12 -1 -23
Total non-violent Criminal Code violations
(excluding traffic)
1,826,502 5,547 1,752,923 5,262 -5 -22
Breaking and entering 231,520 703 209,755 630 -10 -46
Possess stolen property 33,383 101 30,957 93 -8 -4
Theft of motor vehicle 145,701 442 125,271 376 -15 -32
Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle) 17,432 53 16,743 50 -5 -36
Theft under $5,000 (non-motor vehicle) 580,085 1,762 552,155 1,658 -6 -30
Fraud 88,779 270 90,932 273 1 -13
Mischief 378,188 1,149 375,079 1,126 -2 4
Arson 13,015 40 13,270 40 1 -7
Counterfeiting4 719 2 1,015 3 40 -43
Weapons violations 15,841 48 15,098 45 -6 -15
Child pornography5 1,407 4 1,408 4 -1
Prostitution 4,668 14 3,874 12 -18 -41
Disturb the peace 116,903 355 118,833 357 0 64
Administration of justice violations 164,776 500 165,556 497 -1 0
Other non-violent Criminal Code violations 34,085 104 32,977 99 -4 -61
Total Criminal Code traffic violations 132,278 402 143,169 430 7 -8
Impaired driving 79,395 241 84,759 254 6 -12
Other Criminal Code traffic violations 52,883 161 58,410 175 9 -2
Total federal statute violations 130,698 397 135,213 406 2 15
Possession - cannabis 47,355 144 50,145 151 5 32
Possession - cocaine 11,700 36 10,423 31 -12 94
Possession - other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act drugs 9,310 28 9,353 28 -1 100
Trafficking, production or distribution - cannabis 15,405 47 14,958 45 -4 -18
Trafficking, production or distribution - cocaine 11,389 35 11,169 34 -3 38
Trafficking, production or distribution - other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act drugs 6,049 18 5,917 18 -3 49
Youth Criminal Justice Act 10,109 31 10,791 32 6 -59
Other federal statutes 19,381 59 22,457 67 15 70
1. The violent crime rate has been expanded to include a number of offences not previously included in the violent crime rate, including uttering threats, criminal harassment and forcible confinement. Data using this definition of violent crime are availalable back to 1998.
2. Sexual offences against children is a new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2008. As a result, numbers and rates should not be directly compared to data from previous years.
3. Robbery counts have been revised for the years 1998 to 2007. Use caution when comparing these data with prior years.
4. Counterfeiting counts have been revised for the years 1998 to 2007. Use caution when comparing these data with prior years.
5. A large increase in the rate of child pornography since 1998 is partly attributable to legislative changes in 2002 to include the use of the internet for the purpose of committing child pornography offences.
Notes: Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 population. The population estimates come from Statistics Canada, Demography Division. Populations as of July 1st: preliminary postcensal for 2008.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.
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