Police-reported hate crimes, by census metropolitan area, 2008 and 2009
Standard table symbols
|Census metropolitan area1, 2, 3||2008||2009||percent change in number from 2008 to 20095|
|Less than 100,000 population (non-CMAs)||193||2.4||288||3.5||49.2|
|… not applicable
1. A census metropolitan area (CMA) consists of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around an urban core. A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the core. To be included in the CMA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the urban core, as measured by commuting flows derived from census data.
2. A CMA typically comprises more than one police service. Populations have been adjusted to follow policing boundaries. The Oshawa CMA is excluded from this table due to the incongruity between the police service jurisdictional boundaries and the CMA boundaries. The Moncton CMA is excluded as police services in this area were unable to extract hate crime data from their records management systems.
3. In 2009, coverage for each CMA exceeded 90% except for the following: Winnipeg (88%), Saskatoon (84%), Hamilton (74%), Barrie (70%) and Edmonton (70%). CMA populations have been adjusted to reflect coverage.
4. Rates are calculated per 100,000 population.
5. Due to the variability in small numbers, percent changes have not been calculated when the number of hate-motivated crimes is below 10 in any given year.
6. Information from the Guelph Police Service reflects 2009 data as of March 31, 2011. At the time of this publication, some additional incidents were still under investigation as possible hate crimes.
7. Ottawa refers to the Ontario part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
8. Gatineau refers to the Quebec part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
Note: In total, information reflects data reported by police services which, in 2009, covered 87% of the population of Canada.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.
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