Table 4
Firearm-related and gang-related homicides, Canada's ten largest census metropolitan areas, 2010

Table 4
Firearm-related and gang-related homicides, Canada's ten largest census metropolitan areas, 2010
Census metropolitan
area (CMA)Note 1
Firearm-related homicides Gang-related homicides Total homicides
number rateNote 2 percent of total homicides number rateNote 2 percent of total homicides number
Toronto 40 0.70 50.0 20 0.35 25.0 80
Montréal 16 0.41 32.7 14 0.36 28.6 49
Vancouver 16 0.67 44.4 12 0.50 33.3 36
Edmonton 8 0.68 25.0 4 0.34 12.5 32
Winnipeg 7 0.90 31.8 4 0.51 18.2 22
Calgary 3 0.24 20.0 1 0.08 6.7 15
OttawaNote 3 2 0.21 15.4 0 0.00 0.0 13
Hamilton 1 0.14 8.3 0 0.00 0.0 12
Québec 1 0.13 16.7 0 0.00 0.0 6
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo 0 0.00 0.0 1 0.19 25.0 4
1. A census metropolitan area (CMA) consists of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around an urban core. A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the urban core. To be included in the CMA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the urban core, as measured by commuting flows derived from census data. A CMA typically comprises more than one police service.
2. Rates are calculated per 100,000 population. Population estimates at July 1st 2010 provided by Statistics Canada, Demography Division. Estimates are preliminary postcensal for 2010.
3. Ottawa refers to the Ontario part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Homicide Survey.