Table 1
Trends in police personnel and expenditures, Canada, 1962 to 2011

Trends in police personnel and expenditures, Canada, 1962 to 2011


Table summary
This table displays the results of trends in police personnel and expenditures. The information is grouped by year (appearing as row headers), police officers, civilian personnel, total personnel, police to civilians, total expen- ditures, criminal code incidents, incidents per officer, weighted clearance rate and total, calculated using total, per  100,000  population, percentage change in rate, number, rate, percent, ratio and dollars (thousands) units of measure (appearing as column headers).

Year Police officersNote 1 Civilian personnelNote 2 Total personnel Police to civilians Total expen-
dituresNote 3
Criminal Code incidentsNote 4 Incidents per officer Weighted clearance rateNote 5
Total Per  100,000  population Percentage change in rate Total Per  100,000  population Percentage change in rate
  number rate percent number rate percent number ratio dollars (thousands) number rate
1962 26,129 140.6 Note ...: not applicable 5,699 30.7 Note ...: not applicable 31,828 4.6 Note ...: not applicable 514,986 19.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1963 27,333 144.4 2.7 5,935 31.4 2.3 33,268 4.6 Note ...: not applicable 572,105 20.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1964 28,823 149.4 3.5 6,655 34.5 9.9 35,478 4.3 Note ...: not applicable 626,038 21.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1965 30,146 153.5 2.7 7,133 36.3 5.2 37,279 4.2 Note ...: not applicable 628,418 20.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1966 32,086 160.3 4.4 7,583 37.9 4.4 39,669 4.2 Note ...: not applicable 702,809 21.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1967 33,792 165.8 3.4 8,018 39.3 3.7 41,810 4.2 Note ...: not applicable 784,568 23.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1968 34,887 168.5 1.6 8,351 40.3 2.5 43,238 4.2 Note ...: not applicable 897,530 25.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1969 36,342 173.0 2.7 8,963 42.7 6.0 45,305 4.1 Note ...: not applicable 994,790 27.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1970 37,949 178.2 3.0 9,936 46.7 9.4 47,885 3.8 Note ...: not applicable 1,110,066 29.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1971 40,148 182.8 2.6 10,597 48.3 3.4 50,745 3.8 Note ...: not applicable 1,166,458 29.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 41,214 185.5 1.5 11,762 52.9 9.5 52,976 3.5 Note ...: not applicable 1,189,805 28.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 43,142 191.8 3.4 12,297 54.7 3.4 55,439 3.5 Note ...: not applicable 1,298,551 30.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 45,276 198.5 3.5 12,085 53.0 -3.1 57,361 3.7 Note ...: not applicable 1,456,885 32.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 47,713 206.2 3.9 13,794 59.6 12.5 61,507 3.5 Note ...: not applicable 1,585,805 33.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 48,213 205.6 -0.3 14,377 61.3 2.9 62,590 3.4 Note ...: not applicable 1,637,704 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 48,764 205.5 0.0 15,231 64.2 4.7 63,995 3.2 Note ...: not applicable 1,654,024 33.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 48,705 203.2 -1.1 15,749 65.7 2.3 64,454 3.1 Note ...: not applicable 1,714,300 35.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 48,990 202.4 -0.4 15,001 62.0 -5.6 63,991 3.3 Note ...: not applicable 1,855,271 37.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 49,841 203.3 0.4 16,410 66.9 7.9 66,251 3.0 Note ...: not applicable 2,045,398 41.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 50,563 203.7 0.2 16,999 68.5 2.4 67,562 3.0 Note ...: not applicable 2,168,202 42.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 50,539 201.2 -1.2 17,738 70.6 3.1 68,277 2.8 Note ...: not applicable 2,203,665 43.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 50,081 197.4 -1.9 17,342 68.4 -3.1 67,423 2.9 Note ...: not applicable 2,148,633 42.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 50,010 195.3 -1.1 17,503 68.4 0.0 67,513 2.9 Note ...: not applicable 2,147,656 42.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 50,351 194.8 -0.3 17,702 68.5 0.1 68,053 2.8 3,542,240 2,174,175 43.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 51,425 197.0 1.1 18,273 70.0 2.2 69,698 2.8 3,771,205 2,277,749 44.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 52,510 198.5 0.8 19,558 73.9 5.6 72,068 2.7 4,027,809 2,368,958 45.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 53,312 199.0 0.3 19,407 72.4 -2.0 72,719 2.7 4,389,414 2,390,008 44.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 54,211 198.7 -0.2 19,526 71.6 -1.1 73,737 2.8 4,684,760 2,425,936 44.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 56,034 202.3 1.8 19,259 69.5 -2.9 75,293 2.9 5,247,646 2,627,197 46.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 56,768 202.5 0.1 19,440 69.4 -0.1 76,208 2.9 5,426,887 2,898,989 51.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 56,992 200.9 -0.8 20,059 70.7 1.9 77,051 2.8 5,716,833 2,847,981 50.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 56,901 198.4 -1.2 19,956 69.6 -1.6 76,857 2.9 5,790,165 2,735,623 48.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 55,859 192.6 -2.9 19,492 67.2 -3.4 75,351 2.9 5,783,656 2,646,209 47.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 55,008 187.7 -2.5 19,259 65.7 -2.2 74,267 2.9 5,808,607 2,639,654 48.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 54,323 183.5 -2.2 19,603 66.2 0.8 73,926 2.8 5,856,055 2,644,893 48.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 54,719 183.0 -0.3 19,679 65.8 -0.6 74,398 2.8 5,989,022 2,534,766 46.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 54,763 181.6 -0.8 19,383 64.3 -2.3 74,146 2.8 6,209,756 2,440,650 44.6 34.1
1999 55,321 182.0 0.2 20,168 66.3 3.1 75,489 2.7 6,395,380 2,339,646 42.3 35.2
2000 55,954 182.3 0.2 19,907 64.9 -2.1 75,861 2.8 6,798,531 2,335,540 41.7 35.5
2001 57,076 184.0 0.9 19,982 64.4 -0.8 77,058 2.9 7,269,977 2,354,929 41.3 35.0
2002 58,422 186.2 1.2 20,732 66.1 2.6 79,154 2.8 7,827,195 2,356,493 40.3 34.5
2003 59,412 187.6 0.8 21,476 67.8 2.6 80,888 2.8 8,324,176 2,459,254 41.4 33.5
2004 59,800 186.9 -0.4 22,212 69.4 2.4 82,012 2.7 8,758,213 2,427,937 40.6 33.6
2005 61,026 188.9 1.1 23,391 72.4 4.3 84,417 2.6 9,281,879 2,362,322 38.7 34.6
2006 62,461 191.3 1.3 23,911 73.2 1.1 86,372 2.6 9,877,071 2,360,032 37.8 35.7
2007 64,134 194.5 1.7 25,295 76.7 4.8 89,429 2.5 10,544,771 2,271,972 35.4 36.5
2008 65,283 196.0 0.5 25,630 76.9 0.3 90,913 2.5 11,449,955 2,204,643 33.8 37.9
2009Note r: revised 67,425 199.9 2.0 27,077 80.3 4.4 94,502 2.5 12,314,197 2,172,960 32.2 38.6
2010Note r: revised 69,250 202.9 1.5 27,378 80.2 -0.1 96,628 2.5 12,645,616 2,095,921 30.3 39.4
2011 69,438 201.4 -0.8 28,151 81.6 1.8 97,589 2.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1.
Represents the actual number of permanent, fully-sworn police officers of all ranks (or their full-time equivalents). This number also includes officers who are deployed to contract positions and who are not available for general policing duties in their community. Police officers on long-term leave who are not being paid by the police service's annual budget are excluded.
2.
Counts include civilian and other personnel (e.g., clerical, dispatch, management, cadets, special constables, security officers, school crossing guards, by-law enforcement officers) on the police department's payroll as of May 15.
3.
Total operating expenditures include salaries, wages, benefits, and other operating expenses that are paid from the police service budget, as well as benefits paid from other government sources. Revenues, recoveries, and those costs that fall under a police service's capital expenditures are excluded.
4.
Data extracted from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. Excludes Criminal Code traffic incidents.
5.
Criminal incidents can either be cleared by charge or cleared otherwise (for example, through extrajudicial means in instances where a charge could otherwise be laid). The weighted clearance rate is based on the same principle used to create the police-reported Crime Severity Index, whereby more serious offences are assigned a higher weight than less serious offences. Applying this concept to clearance rates means that, for example, the clearance of a homicide, robbery or break and enter receives a higher weight than the clearance of less serious offences such as minor theft, mischief and disturbing the peace.
Note(s):
A new version of the Police Administration Survey was implemented in 1986. To maintain historical continuity, figures prior to 1986 have been adjusted.
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Police Administration Survey and Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.