Neighbourhood Characteristicsand the Distribution of Crime onthe Island of Montréal: AdditionalAnalysis on Youth Crime

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By Samuel Perreault, Josée Savoie and Frédéric Bédard, Statistics Canada

Following the research paper entitled "Neighbourhood Characteristics and the Distribution of Crime on the Island of Montréal" (Savoie, Bédard et Colins, 2006), this report is the second phase of the spatial analysis of police-reported crime data for Montréal. This study, funded by the National Crime Prevention Centre of Public Safety Canada, focuses in particular on the spatial distribution of youth crime. The maps presented in this study provide a visual overview of the places where youth crime is concentrated and of its associated characteristics; hence it may prove to be an important tool in developing strategies to prevent and combat crime among young people.

Previous spatial analyses of police-reported crime in other cities conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (Fitzgerald et al., 2004; Wallace et al., 2006; Savoie et al., 2006; Savoie, 2008) showed that crime was not distributed evenly in a municipality. In addition, the rate of police-reported crime in neighbourhoods was shown to be associated with various socio-economic, demographic and land-use factors.

This report provides a picture of the major trends in youth crime in Montréal. It analyzes the spatial distribution of youth crime and the neighbourhood factors that affect this distribution. In addition, the results obtained for youth crime are compared with Savoie's (2006) observations concerning total crime on the Island of Montréal. Readers wanting detailed information on the methodologies used must refer to the report: Neighbourhood characteristics and the distribution of crime on the Island of Montréal (Savoie et al., 2006).

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