The Canadian Incidence
Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS) provides information on child
maltreatment and neglect that comes to the attention of child welfare agencies
(Trocmé et al., 2005).
Populations by age and sex for the Trend UCR2 database
are only available as of 2004. The Trend database includes 63 police
services that have reported to the UCR2 Survey consistently over time,
accounting for 54% of the Canadian population in 2008.
A census metropolitan area (CMA)
refers to a large urban core (of at least 100,000 population) combined
with adjacent urban and rural areas that have a high degree of economic and
social integration. A CMA typically comprises more than one police service.
Includes biological, step, foster or adoptive parents.
for young victims may refer to a friend or acquaintance of the victim or of
another family member.
Either no weapon was involved,
or the weapon involved did not cause injury to the victim.
Physical force is coded where the use of one's own body strength and/or
action is used to cause injury (i.e. choking, punching or pushing).
Minor injuries are defined as those that require no professional
medical treatment or only some first aid. Major injuries are those that require
professional medical attention at the scene or transportation to a medical
The terms 'sexual assault' and 'sexual violence' are
used interchangeably throughout this profile and refer to all sexual violations
reported to police including level 1 sexual assaults, sexual assault
with a weapon, aggravated sexual assault and other sexual crimes including
sexual interference, invitation to sexual touching, sexual exploitation, incest,
corrupting children, luring a child via a computer, anal intercourse, bestiality
cousins, grandfathers or others related to the victim by blood, marriage,
foster care or adoption.
This includes biological, step, foster or adoptive parents.
The UCR Trend Data
file is comprised of 63 police services that have consistently reported
to the Incident -based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and represents 54%
of the population of Canada in 2008. Counts from the UCR Trend Data file
will not match those of the UCR2 file which is composed of a larger number
of police services (155) and represents 98% of the population of Canada
For additional information refer to the Juristat entitled "Child
luring through the Internet" by Loughlin, J. and Taylor-Butts, A. 2009.
Child and youth homicides may be under-reported since some deaths caused by
intentional injury may be misclassified as resulting from natural or undetermined
'Solved' homicides are those where
at least one accused has been identified by police. The term homicide refers
to the Criminal Code offences of first degree murder, second degree
murder, manslaughter and infanticide.
Includes offences such as criminal negligence
causing death and conspire to commit murder. The total number of homicides
reported by the Homicide Survey may not match the total violations causing
death collected through the UCR2 survey.
Includes biological, step, foster or