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The Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS) provides information on child maltreatment and neglect that comes to the attention of child welfare agencies (Trocmé et al., 2005).
Populations by age and sex for the Trend UCR2 database are only available as of 2004. The Trend database includes 63 police services that have reported to the UCR2 Survey consistently over time, accounting for 54% of the Canadian population in 2008.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) refers to a large urban core (of at least 100,000 population) combined with adjacent urban and rural areas that have a high degree of economic and social integration. A CMA typically comprises more than one police service.
Includes biological, step, foster or adoptive parents.
An 'acquaintance' for young victims may refer to a friend or acquaintance of the victim or of another family member.
Either no weapon was involved, or the weapon involved did not cause injury to the victim.
Physical force is coded where the use of one's own body strength and/or action is used to cause injury (i.e. choking, punching or pushing).
Minor injuries are defined as those that require no professional medical treatment or only some first aid. Major injuries are those that require professional medical attention at the scene or transportation to a medical facility.
The terms 'sexual assault' and 'sexual violence' are used interchangeably throughout this profile and refer to all sexual violations reported to police including level 1 sexual assaults, sexual assault with a weapon, aggravated sexual assault and other sexual crimes including sexual interference, invitation to sexual touching, sexual exploitation, incest, corrupting children, luring a child via a computer, anal intercourse, bestiality and voyeurism.
Includes uncles, cousins, grandfathers or others related to the victim by blood, marriage, foster care or adoption.
This includes biological, step, foster or adoptive parents.
The UCR Trend Data file is comprised of 63 police services that have consistently reported to the Incident -based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and represents 54% of the population of Canada in 2008. Counts from the UCR Trend Data file will not match those of the UCR2 file which is composed of a larger number of police services (155) and represents 98% of the population of Canada in 2008.
For additional information refer to the Juristat entitled "Child luring through the Internet" by Loughlin, J. and Taylor-Butts, A. 2009.
Child and youth homicides may be under-reported since some deaths caused by intentional injury may be misclassified as resulting from natural or undetermined causes.
'Solved' homicides are those where at least one accused has been identified by police. The term homicide refers to the Criminal Code offences of first degree murder, second degree murder, manslaughter and infanticide.
Includes offences such as criminal negligence causing death and conspire to commit murder. The total number of homicides reported by the Homicide Survey may not match the total violations causing death collected through the UCR2 survey.
Includes biological, step, foster or adoptive parents.
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