1. Introduction

This guide is the second document supporting the 2011 Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics (CFCS). It is a companion piece to the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics 2011 (Statistics Canada 2011). The framework supports the development of culture statistics by using standard definitions and criteria and discussing conceptual issues relevant to the measurement of culture in Canada. This classification guide takes the conceptual framework and starts to bring it to life, for statistical purposes, through the application of its criteria to the standard statistical tools available in Canada for the measurement of culture.

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The 2011 Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics is documented by an ongoing series of technical papers.

The first paper in the series is the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics 2011. This paper outlines the definitions and concepts underlying the culture framework, including working definitions for culture and its component domains and subdomains.

This second paper, the Classification Guide for the Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics2011, outlines criteria for mapping standard classifications to the CFCS. It includes tables mapping NAICS 2007, NAPCS – provisional, NOC-S 2006 and CIP 2000.

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The purpose of the Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics is to provide definitions and concepts to support the collection of statistics with the goal of fostering the reporting of uniform and comparable data on the culture sector. The previous version of the framework, published in 2004, was Canada's first conceptual model for culture statistics (Statistics Canada 2004). It provided a systematic approach that was taken up by many organizations and governments across the country. The 2011 Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics builds upon the strengths of its predecessor, but has been updated to reflect the changing context and requirements for culture statistics in Canada.

The framework outlines concepts and definitions that set out how to measure culture and provides a structure for measuring culture that is relevant to the culture community. This involves defining the boundaries of what we consider culture, as well as delineating the domains and sub-domains that make up the sector.

Statistics Canada uses a variety of standard classification systems to categorize much of the data, particularly economic data, which it collects. These systems provide standard definitions used to categorize industries, products and occupations (as well as instructional programs, traded goods, and other key information). By using these standard categories, data can be meaningfully compared. However, while many of the definitions in these classification systems correspond with the concepts of the framework, there are some cases where they do not match the concepts and categories of the CFCS. This affects the ability to publish data consistent with the framework.

The purpose of this document is to examine four of these standard classifications, mapping them to the CFCS structure, and identifying areas where they do or do not harmonize with framework concepts. An examination of how successfully these standard tools map to the framework will support the ongoing exploration of existing data and encourage the development of methods for improving statistical measures of culture.

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