Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Table 5
National Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development, in the total sciences, Canada

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

National Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development, in the total sciences, Canada
Funding sector Performing sector
Federal government Provincial governments Provincial research organizations Business enterprise Higher education Private non-profit organizations Total
  millions of dollars
2008 p Total sciences  
Total 2,467 294 25 16,316 9,837 132 29,071
Federal government 2,422 4 1 263 2,543 39 5,272
Provincial governments 3 260 12 113 1,015 13 1,414
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 42 30 11 13,461 826 15 14,386
Higher education . . . . 4,532 . 4,532
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 793 58 850
Foreign . 0 s 2,479 128 7 2,616
2007 p Total sciences  
Total 2,535 294 25 16,159 9,740 128 28,881
Federal government 2,469 4 1 261 2,517 38 5,291
Provincial governments 6 258 12 111 1,005 12 1,404
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 60 31 11 13,331 818 15 14,267
Higher education . . . . 4,487 . 4,487
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 785 50 835
Foreign . 0 s 2,455 127 13 2,596
2006 Total sciences  
Total 2,496 311 22 16,137 9,624 125 28,715
Federal government 2,434 4 1 261 2,488 37 5,225
Provincial governments 7 274 10 111 993 12 1,407
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 55 33 10 13,313 808 14 14,234
Higher education . . . . 4,434 . 4,434
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 776 54 830
Foreign . 0 s 2,452 126 7 2,585
2005 r Total sciences  
Total 2,414 280 23 15,791 9,518 117 28,142
Federal government 2,341 4 1 322 2,542 38 5,248
Provincial governments 9 247 12 88 973 13 1,341
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 64 30 10 12,839 803 10 13,756
Higher education . . . . 4,341 . 4,341
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 742 35 777
Foreign . 0 s 2,542 116 17 2,676
2004 r Total sciences  
Total 2,084 265 25 15,299 9,058 103 26,833
Federal government 2,028 2 1 271 2,337 12 4,651
Provincial governments 7 236 14 59 1,039 15 1,370
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 49 26 10 12,552 755 13 13,404
Higher education . . . . 4,147 . 4,147
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 685 50 735
Foreign . 0 s 2,417 96 13 2,526
2003 r Total sciences  
Total 2,083 254 24 14,123 8,143 92 24,719
Federal government 2,027 2 1 299 2,182 15 4,526
Provincial governments 8 226 14 70 1,018 17 1,354
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 48 25 9 11,671 679 14 12,447
Higher education . . . . 3,589 . 3,589
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 599 38 637
Foreign . 0 s 2,082 76 8 2,167
2002 r Total sciences  
Total 2,190 256 26 13,540 7,455 63 23,531
Federal government 2,124 2 1 300 1,817 6 4,251
Provincial governments 11 225 15 53 828 20 1,152
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 55 29 9 11,365 643 12 12,112
Higher education . . . . 3,462 . 3,462
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 604 24 628
Foreign . 0 1 1,822 101 1 1,925
2001 r Total sciences  
Total 2,103 253 23 14,266 6,424 63 23,132
Federal government 2,044 0 1 457 1,587 6 4,095
Provincial governments 6 222 12 51 712 20 1,023
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 53 31 9 10,929 603 10 11,636
Higher education . . . . 2,928 . 2,928
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 510 26 536
Foreign . 0 1 2,828 84 1 2,915
2000 r Total sciences  
Total 2,080 164 66 12,395 5,793 58 20,556
Federal government 2,023 0 2 239 1,293 3 3,560
Provincial governments 3 164 38 45 587 16 853
Provincial research organizations . . 1 . . . 1
Business enterprise 54 0 18 8,587 553 10 9,223
Higher education . . . . 2,892 . 2,892
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 418 27 445
Foreign . 0 7 3,524 50 1 3,582
1999 r Total sciences  
Total 1,859 173 60 10,399 5,082 63 17,638
Federal government 1,814 0 1 309 1,085 7 3,216
Provincial governments 4 173 34 57 482 16 767
Provincial research organizations . . 3 . . . 3
Business enterprise 41 0 19 7,391 460 6 7,917
Higher education . . . . 2,649 . 2,649
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 349 31 380
Foreign . 0 3 2,642 57 3 2,705
1998 r Total sciences  
Total 1,743 155 61 9,682 4,370 77 16,088
Federal government 1,691 0 3 262 863 11 2,830
Provincial governments 4 155 34 56 372 19 640
Provincial research organizations . . s . . . 0 s
Business enterprise 49 0 21 6,865 411 9 7,355
Higher education . . . . 2,339 . 2,339
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 335 37 372
Foreign . 0 3 2,499 50 1 2,552
1997 r Total sciences  
Total 1,720 156 58 8,739 3,879 82 14,635
Federal government 1,654 0 4 355 793 7 2,813
Provincial governments 3 156 30 77 370 20 656
Provincial research organizations . . 1 . . . 1
Business enterprise 63 0 19 6,557 381 11 7,030
Higher education . . . . 1,971 . 1,971
Private non-profit organizations . . . . 324 43 367
Foreign . 0 4 1,750 40 1 1,795
Note(s):
Components may not add to totals due to rounding.