Notes to usersAbout the survey
APS population counts
Statistics Canada, in partnership with several Aboriginal organizations, conducted the 2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) to collect information on the lifestyles and living conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada. The Aboriginal organizations included: the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Métis National Council, National Association Friendship Centres and Native Women’s Association of Canada and initially, the Assembly of First Nations.19
The survey was conducted between September 2001 and January 2002, from a sample of about 117,000 people. The APS was last conducted in 1991.
In this article, invalid and not stated responses were included when calculating percentages.
APS Aboriginal Identity population
The APS sample was selected from respondents who had indicated on their 2001 Census questionnaire that they:
The Aboriginal identity population refers to those people who reported on the APS: 1) being North American Indian, Métis and/or Inuit , and/or 2) having registered Indian status as defined by the Indian Act, and/or 3) having Band or First Nation membership.
Aboriginal groups – North American Indian, Métis and Inuit
Three Aboriginal groups are cited in this report – North American Indian, Métis and Inuit. The APS asked an Aboriginal identity question that allowed for multiple responses, in other words, a respondent could identify as North American Indian, Métis and/or Inuit. A number of people identified with more than one Aboriginal group. Data in this publication represent both single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. For example, an individual who identifies as both North American Indian and Métis would be included in the tables for both the North American Indian and Métis groups. However, such persons are only counted once in the total Aboriginal identity population.
Non-reserve population refers to those living outside of most First Nation or Band affiliated communities, such as Indian Reserves, Indian Settlements, Indian Government District, Terres Réservées, Nisga’a Villages, Teslin Lands and a set of communities which Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) designates as Band-affiliated communities. See the 2001 Census Dictionary for a full definition of these communities.
However, for the purposes of this report, the total Aboriginal population of the Northwest Territories is included, i.e. those residing in both reserve and non-reserve areas in the Northwest Territories.
For the purposes of this report, the following communities (listed with their census geographic designation) are considered as part of the non-reserve population:
Canadian Arctic refers to the four Inuit regions as defined by the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, where the majority of Inuit live 1) the northern coastal and south eastern area of Labrador; 2) Nunavik, which lies north of the 55th parallel in Quebec; 3) the territory of Nunavut, and; 4) the Inuvialuit region in the northwestern corner of the Northwest Territories. (See map below.) In this report, the Canadian Arctic is also referred to as the Far North.
Urban areas refer to those areas outside of the Canadian Arctic with a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and population density of at least 400 people per square kilometre.
All areas outside of urban areas and the Canadian Arctic are considered rural.
There are some differences in the APS Aboriginal identity population and the 2001 Census Aboriginal identity population. Specifically, the APS Aboriginal identity population is larger, and many more respondents identified with more than one Aboriginal group.
Because APS is meant to provide an overview of characteristics of the Aboriginal population rather than provide a count of the Aboriginal population, the differences between the APS and the census counts have been left intact in the data tables to minimize distortion of the characteristics.
Respondents may have provided different responses regarding affiliation to the Aboriginal population on the census questionnaire and the APS questionnaire because of several factors:
For more detailed information about the 2001 APS, the types of information it collected, and the populations for which data is available, clients should consult the Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2001: Concepts and methods guide.