Unless otherwise indicated, all data in this section
are from the 2001 Census.
For the purpose of this report, the Aboriginal
non-reserve population includes the total Aboriginal population of
the Northwest Territories. See Notes to users for
a detailed definition of “non-reserve”.
Not included in this calculation are those living
in incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
For a definition of "Canadian Arctic," "urban"
and "rural," see the Notes to users section.
Rates of arthritis/rheumatism, high blood pressure
and asthma for the total Canadian population have been age standardized
to reflect the age structure of the non-reserve Aboriginal population.
A 1998 study found that while Aboriginal people
living in the territories rated their health less positively than
other northern residents, there was a relatively low prevalence
of chronic conditions. The report suggested that this apparent anomaly
may have been due to a substantial number of Aboriginal people
"undiagnosed conditions" (Diverty 1998).
Information in this section excludes those that
never attended school.
The post-secondary gap is measured by taking
the ratio of the Aboriginal post-secondary completion rate to the non-Aboriginal
rate. The closer the ratio is to 100, the narrower than gap between
the two groups.
People who were attending school at the time
of the 2001 Census are not included.
Percentages for residential school attendance
are based on the population that ever attended any school. Excluded
those with no formal education.
Unless otherwise noted, all data for the crowding
section are from the 1996 or 2001 Census.
In this article, the Labrador area consists of the
following communities: Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Makkovik, Nain, Postville
and Rigolet. For information on the other Inuit regions, see the Note
to users section.
Home language is defined as the language spoken most
often at home.
Mother tongue is defined as the language first learned
at home in childhood and still understood.
The APS question asked about speaking or understanding
whereas the census question asked about the ability to speak a language
well enough to converse.
Excluded are children that were too young
to speak or understand a language.
These data include a very small percentage
of Inuit with an Aboriginal language who report an Aboriginal language
other than Inuktitut. Data from the 2001 Census show that approximately
one half of one percent of Inuit with an Aboriginal language fall
into this category.
In most cases, children did not respond to the
questionnaire directly. Answers were usually provided by the person
who knew the most about the child.
The Assembly of First Nations participated in
the content development of the APS questionnaire.