Table 3
Labour force status for adults 15 and over, by age group and gender, Canada, 2006

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Labour force status Female Male
Total Without disability With disability Total Without disability With disability
Age 15 to 64 number
Total labour force 7,808,750 7,116,650 692,110 8,582,060 7,905,290 676,770
Employed 7,263,150 6,629,590 633,560 8,057,360 7,440,200 617,160
Unemployed 545,610 487,060 58,550 524,700 465,090 59,610
Not in labour force 2,921,120 2,317,050 604,070 1,862,980 1,398,910 464,080
Rates percentage
Participation 72.8 75.4 53.4 82.2 85.0 59.3
Age standardised
participation
73.2 75.3 57.9 82.5 85.1 61.7
Unemployment 7.0 6.8 8.5 6.1 5.9 8.8
Age standardised
unemployment
7.5 7.3 9.9 6.6 6.3 10.9
Age 15 to 24 number
Total labour force 1,320,090 1,266,940 53,160 1,369,870 1,322,220 47,650
Employed 1,151,560 1,107,280 44,280 1,203,960 1,165,070 38,890
Unemployed 168,530 159,660 8,870 165,910 157,150 8,760
Not in labour force 688,700 648,200 40,510 721,070 668,780 52,280
Rates percentage
Participation 65.7 66.2 56.8 65.5 66.4 47.7
Age standardised
participation
65.5 66.0 56.1 65.7 66.6 47.7
Unemployment 12.8 12.6 16.7 12.1 11.9 18.4
Age standardised
unemployment
13.7 13.6 16.7 12.5 12.3 20.3
Age 25 to 34 number
Total labour force 1,595,000 1,513,250 81,760 1,745,480 1,668,150 77,330
Employed 1,481,730 1,407,110 74,620 1,645,590 1,576,720 68,870
Unemployed 113,270 106,140 7,130E 99,890 91,430 8,460E
Not in labour force 402,320 354,770 47,550 160,320 129,210 31,110
Rates percentage
Participation 79.9 81.0 63.2 91.6 92.8 71.3
Age standardised
participation
79.9 81.0 63.3 91.6 92.8 71.1
Unemployment 7.1 7.0 8.7E 5.7 5.5 10.9E
Age standardised
unemployment
7.1 7.0 8.8E 5.7 5.5 10.2E
Age 35 to 44 number
Total labour force 1,962,580 1,809,100 153,480 2,119,010 1,962,340 156,680
Employed 1,855,530 1,716,520 139,010 2,020,760 1,876,430 144,320
Unemployed 107,050 92,580 14,470E 98,260 85,900 12,350E
Not in labour force 440,690 356,380 84,310 185,190 126,170 59,020
Rates percentage
Participation 81.7 83.5 64.5 92.0 94.0 72.6
Age standardised
participation
81.7 83.5 64.6 92.0 94.0 72.7
Unemployment 5.5 5.1 9.4E 4.6 4.4 7.9
Age standardised
unemployment
5.5 5.1 9.4E 4.6 4.4 8.0E
Age 45 to 54 number
Total labour force 2,004,060 1,762,060 242,000 2,126,550 1,908,660 217,890
Employed 1,894,930 1,671,080 223,840 2,038,130 1,836,770 201,360
Unemployed 109,140 90,980 18,150E 88,420 71,890 16,530E
Not in labour force 482,220 324,110 158,110 253,900 137,260 116,640
Rates percentage
Participation 80.6 84.5 60.5 89.3 93.3 65.1
Age standardised
participation
80.7 84.5 61.0 89.3 93.3 65.1
Unemployment 5.4 5.2 7.5E 4.2 3.8 7.6E
Age standardised
unemployment
5.4 5.2 7.7E 4.2 3.8 7.5E
Age 55 to 64 number
Total labour force 927,020 765,300 161,720 1,221,140 1,043,920 177,220
Employed 879,390 727,590 151,800 1,148,920 985,210 163,720
Unemployed 47,620 37,710 9,920E 72,220 58,710 13,510E
Not in labour force 907,190 633,580 273,600 542,510 337,490 205,020
Rates percentage
Participation 50.5 54.7 37.1 69.2 75.6 46.4
Age standardised
participation
51.0 54.8 38.6 69.4 75.5 47.0
Unemployment 5.1 4.9 6.1E 5.9 5.6 7.6E
Age standardised
unemployment
5.1 5.0 5.8E 6.0 5.7 7.6E
Source: Statistics Canada, Participation and Activity Limitation, 2006