Introduction

This demolinguistic portrait of the English-speaking population in Quebec was undertaken with the financial support of Canadian Heritage's Official Languages Secretariat, Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) and Justice Canada. It is the second of a series of portraits of official-language minorities in Canada, prepared by Statistics Canada's Language Statistics Section.

This study paints a general statistical portrait of the official-language minority in Quebec based on data from the census of Population and the Survey on the Vitality of Official-language Minorities in Canada, conducted in 2006. The purpose of such a portrait is to present a set of characteristics, behaviours and perceptions of the official-language minority population, exploiting the analytical opportunities contained in the data.

This document is intended to be neither a mere collection of tables nor an in-depth study of the demolinguistic dynamics of the English-speaking population in Quebec. It presents a range of information on a set of themes and issues that are of interest to official-language minorities and anyone interested in the past, present and future of minority official-language populations in Canada.

Section 1 of this demolinguistic portrait concerns the choice of criteria for defining the English-speaking population in Quebec, to be used for the purposes of this study. It also provides a brief description of the data sources used.

Section 2 presents varied information on how the English-speaking population has evolved and its geographic distribution and concentration in Quebec. This information includes a series of appended maps and a detailed table on the number, relative weight and distribution of the English-speaking population in Quebec.

Section 3 concerns the main factors that affect or are affected by changes over time in this province's English-speaking population: fertility; the transmission of mother tongue and the effect of exogamy; the age structure; intragenerational linguistic mobility; and interprovincial and international migration. It also provides information on the use of English in the public sphere and on how the ability to conduct a conversation in that language has evolved in groups with a mother tongue other than English or French.

Section 4 of this portrait looks at a few sectors essential to the vitality of minority official-language communities, as identified in the Roadmap for Canada's Linguistic Duality 2008-2013: health; justice; education and the media, the arts and culture. It also provides statistics on community participation, employment and income characteristics, and the use of English at work.

The last section of this portrait presents statistics on Anglophones' identity, their perceptions regarding the presence of English in their community, the provision of services in English by the federal government, the respect for linguistic rights, and the perceived importance that people work on developing the Anglophone community.

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