Median total income is lower for Aboriginal people
The median total income of the Aboriginal population aged 25 to 54 in 2005 was just over $22,000, compared to over $33,000 for the non-Aboriginal population in the same age group. Across the Aboriginal identity groups, the Métis had the highest median income at nearly $28,000, followed by the Inuit with just less than $25,000 and First Nations people with a median income of approximately $19,000 in 2005. For First Nations people living off reserve, the median income was about $22,500, compared to just over $14,000 for First Nations people living on reserve.
In general, the median income for males is more than for females regardless of Aboriginal identity, although there are variations in median income across Aboriginal identity groups for males and females separately. Within the male population, the gap between the highest and lowest median incomes based on Aboriginal identity is approximately $15,000, compared to only an $8,000 gap in the median income of females by Aboriginal identity group.
Data tables are available for Aboriginal identity, Aboriginal ancestry (origin), registered Indian status and Inuit regions.
Topic-based tabulations: Aboriginal income characteristics
2006 Aboriginal Population Profile
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This product is a series of profiles for a number of census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and communities across Canada with a large Aboriginal population, either in numbers or share of the area's total population. The series aims to present a demographic and socio-economic profile of the total Aboriginal population living in these areas. Demographic Data as well as information on living arrangements of children, education, labour, income, mobility, housing, and health are highlighted. While most of the focus is on adults, there is also limited information provided on children. Data showing comparisons between Aboriginal groups are provided for selected variables, as are comparisons with the non-Aboriginal population. Findings are based on the 2006 Census and the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.
Several articles in Canadian Social Trends.
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