Aboriginal Peoples: Fact Sheet for Nova Scotia

Release date: March 14, 2016

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About the data sources

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are the main data sources for this fact sheet. The 2011 NHS collected social and economic data about the Canadian population. The 2012 APS was a national survey of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 6 and older. The data are for the Aboriginal identity population, which refers to people who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation. It was possible to report both single and multiple responses to the Aboriginal identity questions on the NHS and the APS. The NHS data in this fact sheet are based on single responses only. The APS data represent a combination of the single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. Nearly all off-reserve First Nations, Métis, and Inuit respondents reported a single identity.

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About 2% of Aboriginal people in Canada live in Nova Scotia

Aboriginal population younger than non-Aboriginal

Almost half of Aboriginal children live with both parents

Table 1
Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
Children of both parentsTable 1, Note 1 45.6 40.8 36.8 44.8 61.4 31.6 68.6
Stepchildren 9.4 10.3 8.8 11.9 7.4 0.0 6.6
Children of lone parent 41.2 43.9 48.3 39.6 31.3 60.5 23.2
Grandchildren in skip-generation family 1.3 1.7 2.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.9
Foster children 2.0 2.7 2.7 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.4
Children living with other relativesTable 1, Note 2 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

On-reserve First Nations people most likely to live in crowded homes and homes requiring major repairs

Table 2
Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
CrowdingTable 2, Note 1 4.0 5.6 10.1 2.5 0.8 2.9 1.2
Home in need of majorTable 2, Note 2 repairs 20.4 23.4 34.1 16.1 14.9 18.0 9.5

Over half of on-reserve First Nations people speak an Aboriginal language

Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011

Description for Chart 1

The title of the graph is "Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 6 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 60 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 2 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language."
The minimum value is 0.0 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 55.6 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."
The title of series 2 is "Aboriginal language as mother tongue."
The minimum value is 0.0 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 51.0 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."

Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue (appearing as column headers).
  Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language Aboriginal language as mother tongue
Total Aboriginal identity population 15.7 14.2
First Nations single identity 24.1 21.7
First Nations single identity (on reserve) 55.6 51.0
First Nations single identity (off reserve) 2.7 1.7
Métis single identity 0.0 0.0
Inuit single identity 3.6 5.0

More than half have postsecondary qualifications

Table 3
Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
No certificate, diploma or degree 19.5 20.5 26.1 17.3 16.2 16.7 14.4
High school diploma or equivalent 21.5 23.9 20.6 25.8 17.5 13.3 21.7
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 59.0 55.6 53.3 56.8 66.3 68.3 63.8
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 15.5 16.7 19.3 15.1 14.5 11.7 13.0
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 23.6 20.6 16.1 23.2 28.9 33.3 23.0
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelTable 3, Note 1 4.6 4.7 5.2 4.5 4.8 0.0 4.1
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15.4 13.6 12.6 14.1 18.1 21.7 23.7

Employment rates and median total income increase with education

Table 4
Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64, by highest level of educational attainment, selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, Nova Scotia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using employment rate (percent) units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
employment rate (percent)
Total 64.7 61.5 48.9 68.8 70.7 75.0 72.0
No certificate, diploma or degree 39.4 37.7 29.1 45.1 45.7 30.0 51.2
High school diploma or equivalent 59.3 57.2 43.5 63.7 64.3 87.5 68.4
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 75.0 72.3 61.0 78.3 78.3 92.5 77.9

More than half rated their health as excellent or very good

Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nova Scotia, 2012

Description for Chart 2

The title of the graph is "Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity groupChart 2, Note 1 and age group, Nova Scotia, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 4 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 90 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Total."
The minimum value is 57.2 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The maximum value is 63.9 and it corresponds to "Métis."
The title of series 2 is "12 to 24 years."
The minimum value is 67.6 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The maximum value is 84.5 and it corresponds to "Métis."
The title of series 3 is "25 to 44 years."
The minimum value is 57.1 and it corresponds to "Métis."
The maximum value is 66.3 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The title of series 4 is "45 years and over."
The minimum value is 49.4 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The maximum value is 58.5 and it corresponds to "Métis."

Data table for Chart 2
Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity groupChart 2, Note 1 and age group, Nova Scotia, 2012, percent
Table summary
This table displays the results of Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over Total, 12 to 24 years, 25 to 44 years and 45 years and over (appearing as column headers).
  Total 12 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 years and over
Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) 62.5 78.8 57.9 54.8
Off-reserve First Nations people 61.4 76.4 57.5 Note F: too unreliable to be published
Métis 63.9 84.5 57.1 58.5
Non-Aboriginal identity population 57.2 67.6 66.3 49.4

One-quarter of off-reserve First Nations people smoked daily

Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group, Nova Scotia, 2012

Description for Chart 3

The title of the graph is "Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group,Chart 3, Note 1 Nova Scotia, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 3 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 35 with ticks every 5 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Health behaviours."
The title of series 1 is "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The minimum value is 24.9 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 30.2 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingNote 2."
The title of series 2 is "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The minimum value is 27.2Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 29.9Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingNote 2."
The title of series 3 is "Métis."
The minimum value is 21.2Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 29.6Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingNote 2."
The title of series 4 is "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The minimum value is 17.6 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 29.7 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingNote 2."

Data table for Chart 3
Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group,Note 1 Nova Scotia, 2012, percent
Table summary
This table displays the results of Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves), Off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Non-Aboriginal identity population (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) Off-reserve First Nations people Métis Non-Aboriginal identity population
Daily smoking 24.9 27.2Note E: Use with caution 21.2Note E: Use with caution 17.6
Heavy drinkingNote 2 30.2 29.9Note E: Use with caution 29.6Note E: Use with caution 29.7
Non-drinking 29.4 29.0 29.4 25.3

This fact sheet was prepared by Shirley Li of the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada.

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