On July 1, 2013, Canada’s population was estimated at 35,158,300,
up 404,000 or 1.2% over the last year (2012/2013).
This increase was equal to the one observed in the previous year (2011/2012)
and similar to the average increase for the last 30 years (+1.1%).
Since 1993/1994, net international migration has been the main
source of population growth for Canada. In 2012/2013, net international
migration was responsible for two-thirds of the country’s population
Population growth for 2012/2013 was low in the Atlantic provinces,
even negative in Nova Scotia (-0.5%), and in general high in the Western provinces.
Growth exceeded the national level (+1.2%) in Alberta (+3.4%), Nunavut
(+2.5%) and Saskatchewan (+1.9%).
Record levels of net international migration and net interprovincial
migration to the province explain this growth in Alberta.
In the Atlantic provinces, low growth was mainly explained by a low
natural increase and a six-year high losses due to interprovincial migration.
Net interprovincial migration was positive for only two provinces: Alberta
(+52,700) and Saskatchewan (+1,800).
Alberta mainly benefited from migratory exchanges with certain provinces,
with net gains of +22,400 from Ontario, +11,200 from British Columbia,
+4,900 from Nova Scotia and +4,200 from Quebec.
According to preliminary estimates, 5,379,600 Canadians, that
is 15.3% of the population, were aged 65 and over on July 1, 2013.
By comparison, the proportion of Canadians aged 65 and over was 9.9%
on July 1, 1983, that is 30 years earlier.
As of July 1, 2013, the median age of the Canadian population
was 40.2 years. The median age was higher for women (41.1 years)
than men (39.4 years).
As of July 1, 2013, the number of children aged 14 and
under was estimated at 5,674,100. They represented 16.1% of the
total population, down from 21.8% on July 1, 1983.
All age groups over 40 posted higher growths than the national
average between 1983 and 2013. The largest increases happened
in age groups aged 80 and over. In contrary, three age groups saw
their numbers decrease during that period: the 20 to 24 (-2.4%),
the 10 to 14 (-1.1%) and the 15 to 19 (-0.6%).
On July 1, 2013, according to preliminary estimates, there
were 6,900 centenarians in Canada, representing almost 20 centenarians
per 100,000 persons. In 2001, this proportion was two times
lower, at 11 centenarians per 100,000 persons.
As of July 1, 2013, Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest
median age in the country at 44.2 years and Nova Scotia posted the
highest proportion of seniors (17.7%).
Although it is also ageing, the youngest population was in Nunavut,
where the median age was 25.4 years and 30.8% of the population
was under the age of 15.
Among the provinces, Alberta posted the lowest median age (36.0 years)
and the smallest proportion of seniors (11.2%).