Statistics Canada
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Estimated population of Canada, 1605 to present

1605-1865
Source: Censuses of Canada. 1665-1871 (persons) i

1867-1970
Source: CANSIM, table 075-0001 (persons) ii

1971 to present
Source: CANSIM, table 051-0001 (persons) iii

       
1605
441
1606
1607
1608
282
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
10,0623
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
602
1621
1622
324
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
765
1629
1172
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
 
1636
 
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
2405
1642
1643
1644
1645
 
1646
1647
 
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
2,0005
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
 
1661
1662
1663
2,5005
1664
1665
3,2155
1666
1667
3,9185
1668
6,2825
1669
1670
1671
5146
1672
1673
6,7687
1674
1675
7,8325
1676
8,4155
1677
1678

1679
9,9158

1680
10,6799
1681
9,6775
1682
1683
10,2515
1684
1685
12,2639
1686
13,2588
1687
66310
1688
11,5625
1689
1690
1691
15510
1692
12,8087
1693
1,00911
1694
1695
13,68812
1696
2,32113
1697
1698
17,83214
1699
1700
1701
1,13411

1702
46610

1703
1,24411

1704

1705
52010
1706
16,4175
1707
18,6888
1708
1709
1710
1711
22510
1712
18,4405
1713
18,1195
1714
20,7378
1715
1716
20,5315
1717
1718
22,9835
1719
22,5305
1720
24,53415
1721
24,9515
1722
25,0535
1723
26,4795
1724
26,7105
1725
1726
29,3965
1727
30,6135
1728
33016
1729
1730
33,6825
1731
6,00011
1732
35,1645
1733
11117
1734
37,7165
1735
54116
1736
39,0635
1737
126,94318
1738
1739
42,81712
1740
1741
6,00013
1742
1743
1744
1745
 
1746
1747
1748
1749
18,54419
1750
1751
1752
21,37820
1753
13,0004
1754
55,0095
1755
23,50019
1756
1757
1758
10,70021
1759
1760
70,0005
1761
1762
8,10422
1763
78,88023
1764
12,99824
1765
89,74925
1766
1767
11,77924
1768
1769
1770
1771
844221
1772
19,98526
1773
1774
1775
90,00027
1776
 
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
12,00022
1782
1783
1784
166,01228
1785
10,2444
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
191,31128
1791
1792
1793
2,00029
1794
1795
1796
1797
4,50016
1798
1799
1800
1801
 
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
391,89930
1807
65,00024
1808
1809
1810
1811
77,00031
1812
1813
1814
430,00032
1815
1816
52,6724
1817
81,35124
1818
1819
1820

1821

1822
452,06533
1823
52,1574
1824
224,24234
1825
692,93035
1826
166,37931
1827
774,27936
1828
246,57637
1829
197,81531
1830
213,15631
1831
792,22638
1832
322,83437
1833
328,15539
1834
443,95840
1835
351,00841
1836
447,80437
1837
597,39542
1838
605,96343
1839
409,04831
1840
593,02540
1841
502,73039
1842
487,05331
1843
5,14344
1844
697,08445
1845
96,2954
1846
4,87144
1847
1848
1,557,43446
1849
5,39144
1850
1851
2,414,51947
1852
1853
1854
1855
71,49048
1856
6,69144
1857
122,6384
1858
1859
1860
1861
3,174,44249
       



 
1867
3,463,00050
1868
3,511,000
1869
3,565,000
1870
3,625,000
1871
3,689,000
1872
3,754,000
1873
3,826,000
1874
3,895,000
1875
3,954,000
1876
4,009,000
1877
4,064,000
1878
4,120,000
1879
4,185,000
1880
4,255,000
1881
4,325,000
1882
4,375,000
1883
4,430,000
1884
4,487,000
1885
4,537,000
1886
4,580,000
1887
4,626,000
1888
4,678,000
1889
4,729,000
1890
4,779,000
1891
4,833,000
1892
4,883,000
1893
4,931,000
1894
4,979,000
1895
5,026,000
1896
5,074,000
1897
5,122,000
1898
5,175,000
1899
5,235,000
1900
5,301,000
1901
5,371,000
1902
5,494,00051
1903
5,651,000
1904
5,827,000
1905
6,002,000
1906
6,097,000
1907
6,411,000
1908
6,625,000
1909
6,800,000
1910
6,988,000
1911
7,207,000
1912
7,389,000
1913
7,632,000
1914
7,879,000
1915
7,981,000
1916
8,001,000
1917
8,060,000
1918
8,148,000
1919
8,311,000
1920
8,556,000
1921
8,788,000
1922
8,919,000
1923
9,010,000
1924
9,143,000
1925
9,294,000
1926
9,451,000
1927
9,637,000
1928
9,835,000
1929
10,029,000
1930
10,208,000
1931
10,377,000
1932
10,510,000
1933
10,633,000
1934
10,741,000
1935
10,845,000
1936
10,950,000
1937
11,045,000
1938
11,152,000
1939
11,267,000
1940
11,381,000
1941
11,507,000
1942
11,654,000
1943
11,795,000
1944
11,946,000
1945
12,072,000
1946
12,292,000
1947
12,551,000
1948
12,823,000
1949
13,447,00052
1950
13,712,000
1951
14,009,000
1952
14,459,000
1953
14,845,000
1954
15,287,000
1955
15,698,000
1956
16,081,000
1957
16,610,000
1958
17,080,000
1959
17,483,000
1960
17,870,000
1961
18,238,000
1962
18,583,000
1963
18,931,000
1964
19,291,000
1965
19,644,000
1966
20,015,000
1967
20,378,000
1968
20,701,000
1969
21,001,000
1970
21,297,000



1971
21,961,999 53
1972
22,218,475
1973
22,491,757
1974
22,807,918
1975
23,143,192
1976
23,449,791
1977
23,725,921
1978
23,963,370
1979
24,201,801
1980
24,516,071
1981
24,820,393
1982
25,117,442
1983
25,366,969
1984
25,607,651
1985
25,842,736
1986
26,101,155
1987
26,448,855
1988
26,795,383
1989
27,281,795
1990
27,697,530
1991
28,031,394
1992
28,366,737
1993
28,681,676
1994
28,999,006
1995
29,302,091
1996
29,610,757
1997
29,907,172
1998
30,157,082
1999
30,403,878
2000
30,689,035
2001
31,021,251
2002
31,372,587
2003
31,676,077
2004
31,989,454
2005
32,299,496
2006
32,623,490
2007
32,976,026
     

Footnotes:

    i. 1605-1861, source: The Introduction to Censuses of Canada. 1665-1871 is the abridged history of Canadian population statistics.

    The settlements:

  1. Population of Port Royal.
  2. Population of Quebec.
  3. Population of St. John's Newfoundland and the estimated Aboriginal population.
  4. Population of Newfoundland.
  5. Population of New France.
  6. Population of Acadia and Plaissance, Newfoundland.
  7. Population of New France and Newfoundland.
  8. Population of New France and Acadia.
  9. Population of New France and Aboriginals in villages.
  10. French population of Newfoundland.
  11. Population of Acadia.
  12. Population of New France and St. John River.
  13. English population of Newfoundland.
  14. Population of New France, a portion of Acadia, Plaissance, Newfoundland and English population of Newfoundland.
  15. Population of New France and St. John Island.
  16. Population of St. John Island.
  17. Population of St. John River (New Brunswick).
  18. Population of New France, Acadia and Aboriginal population.
  19. British population of Nova Scotia and the French population of the Acadian Peninsula, Ile Royale (Cape Breton), Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) and St. John Island (Prince Edward).
  20. British and German population of Nova Scotia and the French population of the Acadian Peninsula, Ile Royale (Cape Breton), Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) and St. John Island (Prince Edward).
  21. French population of the Peninsula of Nova Scotia, Isle Royale (Cape Breton), Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) and St. John Island (Prince Edward).
  22. British population of Nova Scotia.
  23. British population of Nova Scotia and the French population of the Peninsula of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Mainland of Nova Scotia (N.B.), St.John Island (Prince Edward) and Aboriginal population.
  24. Population of Nova Scotia.
  25. Population of Canada and the French population of the Peninsula of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Acadian Mainland (N.B.), St. John Island (Prince Edward) and the British and German population of Nova Scotia.
  26. Population of Nova Scotia, British settlers, Acadians of the Peninsula (too low), Acadians of Cape Breton (too low), Negroes and Indians.
  27. Population of Canada.
  28. Population of Canada and Nova Scotia.
  29. Population of Cape Breton.
  30. Population of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Upper Canada, Lower Canada and Newfoundland.
  31. Population of Upper Canada.
  32. Population of Lower Canada and Upper Canada.
  33. Population of Lower Canada and Prince Edward Island.
  34. Population of Upper Canada and New Brunswick.
  35. Population of Upper Canada, Lower Canada and Newfoundland.
  36. Population of Upper Canada, Nova Scotia including Cape Breton and Lower Canada.
  37. Population of Upper Canada and Newfoundland.
  38. Population of Upper Canada, Assiniboia and Lower Canada.
  39. Population of Upper Canada and Prince Edward Island.
  40. Population of Upper Canada, New Brunswick and Assiniboia.
  41. Population of Upper Canada and Assiniboia.
  42. Population of Upper Canada and Nova Scotia.
  43. Population of Upper Canada, Assiniboia and Nova Scotia.
  44. Population of Assiniboia.
  45. Population of Lower Canada.
  46. Population of Upper Canada, Lower Canada (average of various estimates) and Prince Edward Island.
  47. Population of Upper Canada, Lower Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
  48. Population of Prince Edward Island.
  49. Population of Upper Canada, Lower Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Vancouver Island.
  50. ii. 1867-1970, source: CANSIM table 075-0001.


  51. Population estimates from 1867 to 1901 (figures apply to April 1)
  52. From 1902 to 1970, the figures apply to June 1.
  53. The population of Newfoundland and Labrador is included beginning in 1949.
  54. iii. 1971 to present, source: CANSIM table 051-0001.

  55. From 1971 on, the figures apply to July 1st.