Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD), by performing sector, by province (Quebec (incl. National Capital Region))

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Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD), by performing sector, by province
(Quebec (incl. National Capital Region))
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  $ millions
Quebec (incl. National Capital Region) 8,270 8,441 9,063 .. ..
Federal government 258 288 284 .. ..
Provincial government 82 87 75 .. ..
Provincial research organizations 12 10 11 .. ..
Business enterprises 4,692 4,755 5,360 .. ..
Higher education 3,226 3,301 3,334 .. ..

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