Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) as a percentage of gross domestic product
Related tables: Research and development.
|Gross domestic expenditures on research and development||Gross domestic product||Gross domestic expenditures on research and development/Gross domestic product|
| p : preliminary. |
Note: Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development (GERD) refers to all monies expended for Research and Development (R & D) performed within the country in a given year. The Research and Development funding may come from government, business enterprise, private non-profit, higher education or foreign sources. The performing sectors are divided into government, business enterprise, private non-profit and higher education sectors.
Revised time-use coefficients have been applied in Statistic’s Canada Higher education research and development (HERD) model commencing with reference year 2012. Data from previous years for the Higher education sector are not comparable. Data for the Gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD) data series should be used with caution for years prior to 2012.
1. Canada figures include preliminary data. The provincial distribution is collected only for actual expenditures.
Sources: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, tables 358-0001 and 380-0064 and Catalogue nos. 88-221-XIE.
Last modified: 2017-06-23.
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