National Indigenous History Month 2024... By the numbers

National Indigenous History Month 2024... By the numbers

Environment, traditional knowledge, and territory

Children and youth

Languages, cultures, and art

  • While the number of Indigenous people reporting an Indigenous language as their mother tongue declined by 7.1% between 2016 and 2021 censuses, the number of those who learned an Indigenous language as a second language continued to rise. In 2021, over one-quarter (27.7%) of Indigenous language speakers learned it as their second language, up from 24.8% in 2016. Indigenous languages across Canada  
  • Gross domestic income earned by Indigenous workers and Indigenous-led businesses in the arts, entertainment and recreation sector as well as the information and cultural industries sector exceeded $1.1 billion in 2021. Gross domestic income attributable to Indigenous people by industry

Women, girls and 2SLGBTQ+ people

Quality of life statistics

  • Indigenous people were less likely to report having a good or great deal of confidence in Canadian institutions when compared with non-Indigenous people, such as the police (48% versus 63%), the justice system (30% versus 47%) and federal Parliament (16% versus 33%). Confidence in Canadian Institutions

Health care access

Education and employment