Analysis of trends in spending and human resources

Actual expenditures

Departmental spending trend graph

Departmental spending trend graph

Description - Departmental spending trend graph
Departmental spending, in thousands of dollars
Fiscal year 2016–17 2017–18 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21 2021–22
Cost recovery (netted revenue) 109,822 111,657 124,201 120,000 120,000 120,000
Sunset programs, anticipated 0 0 0 0 0 0
Statutory 70,717 70,220 69,623 71,461 74,420 79,126
Voted 610,800 475,551 438,122 423,989 490,609 660,098
Total 791,339 657,428 631,945 615,450 685,029 859,224
Budgetary performance summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (dollars)
Core Responsibilities and Internal Services 2018–19 Main Estimates 2018–19 Planned spending 2019–20 Planned spending 2020–21 Planned spending 2018–19 Total authorities available for use 2018–19 Actual spending (authorities used) 2017–18 Actual spending (authorities used) 2016–17 Actual spending (authorities used)
Statistical information 489,924,625 489,924,625 551,104,432 621,955,372 587,888,560 559,559,344 585,363,802 713,862,461
Internal Services 66,104,652 66,104,652 64,345,374 63,073,510 71,969,503 72,385,465 72,064,636 77,476,859
Total gross expenditures 556,029,277 556,029,277 615,449,806 685,028,882 659,858,063 631,944,809 657,428,438 791,339,320
Respendable revenue -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -124,200,719 -124,200,719 -111,657,283 -109,822,159
Total net expenditures 436,029,277 436,029,277 495,449,806 565,028,882 535,657,344 507,744,090 545,771,155 681,517,161

Statistics Canada is funded from two sources: direct parliamentary appropriations and cost-recovery activities. Statistics Canada has the authority to generate respendable revenue related to two streams: statistical surveys and related services, and custom requests and workshops. In recent years, respendable cost-recovery revenue has contributed between $110 million and $124 million annually to the agency's total resources. A large portion of these respendable revenues comes from federal departments to fund specific statistical projects.

The graph and table above illustrate that voted spending peaked in 2016–17 when the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture field collection activities were conducted. This is followed by a significant decrease in subsequent years as census activities wind down. Spending will begin to ramp up and peak again in 2021–22 when the 2021 Census field collection activities are conducted. This pattern is typical for the agency because of the cyclical nature of the Census Program. Funding for the 2021 Census was approved in 2018–19, with the first year of funding being 2018–19.

The difference between 2018–19 actual spending and 2018–19 total authorities available for use is largely attributable to how the agency strategically manages its investments. The agency has leveraged the operating budget carry-forward mechanism to manage the cyclical nature of normal program operations toward the agency's strategic priorities and to ensure the quality of its existing programs is maintained. Throughout the year, forecast lapses and amounts carried forward are managed centrally, by priority, within the statistical information Core Responsibility. The difference is also attributable to a Statistical Survey Operations pay equity settlement and shifts in its original payment timeline.

Spending on Internal Services temporarily increased in 2016–17 as the agency invested in modernizing its work environment to offset government-wide space pressures and help increase staff mobility. Spending in 2017–18 and 2018–19 included additional internal information technology support and pressures related to the Government of Canada pay system.

2018–19 Budgetary actual gross spending summary (dollars)
Core Responsibilities and Internal Services 2018–19 Actual gross spending 2018–19 Actual gross spending for specified purpose accounts 2018–19 Actual revenues netted against expenditures 2018–19 Actual net spending (authorities used)
Statistical information 559,559,344 0 -124,200,719 435,358,625
Internal Services 72,385,465 0 0 72,385,465
Total gross expenditures 631,944,809 0 -124,200,719 507,744,090

Statistics Canada has generated $124.2 million in respendable revenue from the sale of statistical products and services.

Actual human resources

Human resources summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (full-time equivalents)
Core Responsibilities and Internal Services 2016–17 Actual full-time equivalents 2017–18 Actual full-time equivalents 2018–19 Planned full-time equivalents 2018–19 Actual full-time equivalents 2019–20 Planned full-time equivalents 2020–21 Planned full-time equivalents
Statistical information 5,829 5,417 4,666 5,498 5,501 5,823
Internal Services 653 607 594 645 566 554
Total gross expenditures 6,482 6,024 5,260 6,143 6,067 6,377
Respendable revenue -1,078 -1,251 -1,001 -1,380 -1,321 -1,266
Total net expenditures 5,404 4,773 4,259 4,763 4,746 5,111

Similar to trends seen in actual spending, full-time equivalent (FTE) changes from year to year are largely explained by the cyclical nature of the Census Program. Activity peaked in 2016–17 for the 2016 Census of Population and 2016 Census of Agriculture, then dropped sharply in subsequent years. Activity will begin to ramp up and peak again in 2021–22, when the 2021 Census of Population and 2021 Census of Agriculture field collection activities are conducted.

Approximately 200 public servant FTEs based across Canada outside the National Capital Region (NCR) are included in net expenditure FTEs. Also included are approximately 847 interviewer FTEs (representing approximately 1,800 interviewers) outside the NCR. Of the 847 interviewer FTEs, 357 are working on respendable revenues. These interviewers are part-time workers whose assigned workweeks are determined by the volume of collection work available; they are hired under the Statistics Act, by the authority of the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. Interviewers are covered by two separate collective agreements and are employed through Statistical Survey Operations. Many of Statistics Canada's main outputs rely heavily on data collection and on the administration of these activities, which takes place in the regional offices.

Expenditures by vote

For information on Statistics Canada's organizational voted and statutory expenditures, consult the Public Accounts of Canada 2018–2019.

Government of Canada spending and activities

Information on how Statistics Canada's spending aligns with the Government of Canada's spending and activities is available in the GC InfoBase.

Financial statements and financial statements highlights

Financial statements

Statistics Canada's financial statements (unaudited) for the year ended March 31, 2019, are available on the Statistics Canada website.

The agency uses the full accrual accounting method to prepare and present its annual financial statements, which are part of the departmental result reporting process. However, spending authorities presented in the previous sections of this report remain on an expenditure basis. A reconciliation between the bases of reporting is available in Note 3 of the financial statements.

Financial statements highlights

Condensed Statement of Operations (unaudited) for the year ended March 31, 2019 (dollars)
Financial information 2018–19 Planned results 2018–19 Actual results 2017–18 Actual results Difference (2018–19 Actual results minus 2018–19 Planned results) Difference (2018–19 Actual results minus 2017–18 Actual results)
Total expenses 652,609,282 689,548,230 711,998,792 36,938,948 -22,450,562
Total revenues 112,513,235 123,544,327 111,482,637 11,031,092 12,061,690
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 540,096,047 566,003,903 600,516,155 25,907,856 -34,512,252

A more detailed Future-Oriented Statement of Operations, March 31, 2019 (unaudited) and associated notes are available on the agency's website.

The net cost of operations before government funding and transfers was $566.0 million, a decrease of $34.5 million (5.7%) from $600.5 million in 2017–18. This decrease in expenses is mainly due to salary payments made upon the ratification of collective agreements and software purchases, both made in 2017–18, and offset by an increase in revenue related to cost-recovery projects.

The difference between actual and planned net costs for 2018–19 is $25.9 million (4.8%). Expenses were $36.9 million higher than anticipated. The majority of this variance is related to spending that was approved during the fiscal year, such as 2021 Census of Population, 2021 Census of Agriculture and other new initiatives. Revenues were $11.0 million higher than anticipated because a higher number of contracts were signed, mainly with federal government departments.

For more information on the distribution of expenses by program and type, please see the two charts below.

Gross expenditures by Core Responsibility

Pie chart: Gross expenditures by Core Responsibility - Described in following paragraph

Total expenses, including respendable revenue and services provided without charge by federal government departments, were $689.5 million in 2018–19. These expenses comprised $610.9 million (88.6%) for statistical information and $78.6 million for Internal Services.

Gross expenditures by type

Pie chart: Gross expenditures by type - Described in following paragraph

Statistics Canada spent $689.4 million in 2018–19. These expenses comprised $554.5 million (80.4%) for salaries and employee benefits, $35.9 million (5.2%) for accommodation, $33.9 million (4.9%) for professional and special services, $27.4 million (4.0%) for amortization, $18.8 million (2.7%) for transportation and postage, and $18.9 million (2.8%) for other expenses.

Condensed Statement of Financial Position (unaudited) as of March 31, 2019 (dollars)
Financial information 2018–19 2017–18 Difference (2018–19 minus 2017–18)
Total net liabilities 126,839,355 133,873,770 -7,034,415
Total net financial assets 70,423,190 70,807,866 -384,676
Departmental net debt 56,416,165 63,065,094 -6,648,929
Total non-financial assets 170,257,252 162,972,807 7,284,445
Departmental net financial position 113,841,087 99,906,903 13,934,184

The departmental net financial position was $113.8 million at the end of 2018–19, an increase of $13.9 million from $99.9 million in 2017–18.

The increase in the departmental net financial position is explained by two factors: first, a decrease in the Statistical Survey Operations pay equity liability as a result of payments and a software licence renewal that was made in 2017–18, and second, an increase in tangible capital assets related to the capitalization of software under development.

For more information on the distribution of the balances in the statements of financial position, please see the two charts below.

Assets by type

Pie chart: Assets by type - Described in following paragraph

Total assets, including financial and non-financial assets, were $240.6 million at the end of 2018–19. Tangible capital assets represented the largest portion of assets, at $164.9 million (68.5%). They consisted of informatics software ($99.9 million), software under development ($46.9 million), leasehold improvements ($15.4 million) and other assets ($2.7 million). The remaining portion of assets comprised $63.1 million (26.2%) for amounts due from the Consolidated Revenue Fund, $7.3 million (3.0%) for accounts receivable and advances, $4.2 million (1.7%) for prepaid expenses, and $1.1 million (0.5%) for consumable supplies.

Liabilities by type

Pie chart: Liabilities by type - Described in following paragraph

Total liabilities were $126.8 million at the end of 2018–19. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities made up the largest portion of liabilities, at $79.3 million (62.6%). They consisted of accounts payable to external parties ($24.6 million), accounts payable to other federal government departments and agencies ($9.3 million), and accrued salaries and wages ($45.4 million). The next largest portion was vacation pay and compensatory leave, at $27.6 million (21.7%). Employee future benefits made up $19.3 million (15.2%). The remaining portion was composed of deferred revenue and lease obligation for tangible capital assets, at $0.6 million (0.5%).

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