Data Sets

There are a number of business microdatabases that can be accessed at CDER. The key databases are listed below.

Annual Survey of Manufacturing
Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (CEEDD)
Census of Agriculture Longitudinal File (L-CEAG)
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Linkage File Environment (LFE)
Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP)
Longitudinal Worker File
National Accounts Longitudinal Microdata File
Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises
Survey of Innovation and Business Strategies
Workplace Employee Survey

For more documentation on each of the databases, or documentation on other databases, please contact CDER at

Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM)

  • Nature: Survey of the manufacturing industries covering all manufacturing locations, together with associated head offices, sales offices and auxiliary units.
  • Usage: The database can be used to study manufacturing industries' performances. The survey can be linked to various longitudinal databases based on establishment identifiers and industry classifications used in the various periods—with the help of concordances, when available—to push past the existing identifier and industry boundaries.
  • Content: Principal industrial statistics (such as shipments, employment, salaries and wages, cost of materials and supplies used, cost of purchased fuel and electricity used, inventories, goods purchased for resale, etc.) and commodity data, including shipments or consumption of particular products.
  • Coverage period: 1961 to 2012. Some variables are not available for the whole period: contact CDER if you wish to use pre-2000 ASM data.

Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (CEEDD)

  • Nature: Longitudinal administrative database of employers and employees.
  • Usage: The database can be used to study many issues, including: projects on business start-ups and job creation, with particular emphasis on the role of immigrant entrepreneurs; the distribution of immigrants across business enterprises and how this differs from the distribution of Canadian-born workers; how workforce is affecting businesses, including its effect on labour productivity; local labour market information, including hiring rates, separation rates, layoff rates, and aggregate turnover rates within sub-provincial regions; and the impacts of organizational changes, such as mergers and acquisitions, on individual-level outcomes.
  • Content: CEEDD is a matched employer-employee database which includes both firm-level and individual-level characteristics. It is a link between various tax files including the T1 personal, family and business declaration files, the T2 files (corporate tax return and owner files) and the T4 supplementary and summary files, as well as the longitudinal immigration database (IMDB).
  • Coverage period: 2001 to 2016.

Census of Agriculture Longitudinal File (L-CEAG)

  • Nature: Longitudinal administrative database of farms.
  • Usage: The database can be used to analyze the changes that occur on farms over time.
  • Content: Unlike the traditional Census of Agriculture data set, which only covers a single year, the linked file connects multiple censuses (1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011). Variables of interest include farm type, farm size, inputs, technology, products as well as economic indicators.
  • Coverage period: 1986 to 2011.

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

  • Nature: Microdata file containing collected prices and other metadata for a sample of commodities of unchanged or equivalent quantity and quality used in the construction of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
  • Usage: The microdata file can be used to study price changes over time. The dataset provides a close approximation to the database used to create the CPI. The microdata file is intended to be used for research purposes rather than duplication or reproduction of the CPI.
  • Content: The microdata file contains selected variables used in the construction of the CPI. Over 99% of all collected prices which contribute to the CPI calculation are included in the microdata file. Aggregated data and non-collected data are excluded.
  • Coverage period: February 1998 onwards (updated quarterly).

Linkable File Environment (LFE)

The Linkable File Environment (LFE) contains a complete, up-to-date and unduplicated list of all businesses in Canada based on Statistics Canada's Business Register and can be accessed at CDER. The LFE is an environment in which administrative and survey data sources are linked. Data sources include the Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises and the Survey of Innovation and Business Strategies

Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP)

  • Nature: Longitudinal administrative database of enterprises.
  • Usage: The database can be used to support research on employment dynamics. It is the primary source for studies on employment creation and destruction in Canada. The longitudinal nature of LEAP allows entry and exit times to be measured with precision. Entrants (or 'births') in any given year are firms that have current payroll data, but that did not have payroll data in the previous year. Similarly, exits (or 'deaths') in any given year are identified by the absence of current payroll data, where such data had existed in the previous year.
  • Content: Employment and payroll information for each employer business in Canada.
  • Coverage period: 1991 to 2017.

Longitudinal Worker File (LWF)

  • Nature: Longitudinal administrative database on employees.
  • Usage: The structure of the LWF makes it particularly well-suited to studying labour turnover and mobility, earnings dynamics and a host of other issues.
  • Content: The LWF is designed to provide information on employment dynamics in Canada. It is based on a 10% random sample of Canadian workers, and contains – on a year-by-year basis – information on their demographic characteristics, on the jobs they hold, the firms in which they work and the earnings they receive.
  • Coverage period: 1983 onwards.

National Accounts Longitudinal Microdata File (NALMF)

  • Nature: Longitudinal administrative database of firms.
  • Usage: The database can be used to examine labour productivity, GDP and employment of firms across firm-size categories. It can also be used to examine the economic activity at sub-provincial levels (CA and CMA).
  • Content: The database is designed to track the GDP and employment of firms, and the locations in which they operate.
  • Coverage period: 2001 to 2016.


  • Nature: Linkage of data from the T2 form to the LEAP dataset.
  • Usage: The database can be used to study firm dynamics, industry turnover and productivity growth, as well as the relationship between firm financing and performance.
  • Content: The T2-LEAP brings together, among other things, sales, gross profits, equity and assets for all incorporated firms in Canada with the employment and payroll data from LEAP.
  • Coverage period: 1984 to 2017.

Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises

  • Nature: Cross-sectional survey of small- and medium-sized businesses that can be linked to other administrative files.
  • Usage: The database can be used to study small- and medium-sized businesses.
  • Content: The objective of the survey is to collect general characteristics on small- and medium-sized businesses and on their financing activities. The database contains information on the types of debt, lease and equity financing that small and medium enterprises rely on. Furthermore, it collects information on any recent attempts to obtain new financing. It also collects additional information about circumstances that affect the way these businesses operate.
  • Coverage period: 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2014, and 2017.

Survey of Innovation and Business Strategies (SIBS)

  • Nature: Sample survey with a cross-sectional design. To increase its analytical potential, the survey has been combined with other Statistics Canada surveys and administrative sources.
  • Usage: The database can be used to analyze firms' strategy, activities and choices.
  • Content: The database contains statistical information on strategic decisions, innovation activities and operational tactics used by Canadian firms. It also collects information on firm involvement in global value chains. The following themes are covered: business strategies and monitoring, enterprise structure, operational activities, relocation of business activities, sales activities, business practices and relationship with suppliers, advanced technology use, product/process/marketing/organizational innovation, production performance management, human resources management, main product and market structure, government support programs, and obstacles to innovation.
  • Coverage period: 2009, 2012 and 2017.

Workplace Employee Survey (WES)

  • Nature: Combination of a workplace survey and a survey of employees (within the same workplaces).
  • Usage: The database allows researchers to investigate changes that occur among employees and to link these changes to events taking place in firms and vice versa.
  • Content: The primary goal of the WES is to establish a link between events occurring in workplaces and the outcomes for workers. The second goal of the survey is to develop a better understanding of the forces shaping companies in an era of substantial change. The workplace survey component of the WES covers subjects such as the adoption of technologies, organizational change, training and other human resource practices, business strategies, and labour market dynamics. The employee survey component covers wages, hours of work, job type, human capital, use of technologies and training.
  • Coverage period: The workplace survey covers the years 1999 to 2006. The survey of employees covers the years 1999 to 2005.