Transcript of the chat session on families, households and marital status, 2011 Census, which occurred on Friday, September 21, 2012, from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. EDT

Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.

 Anne Milan: Hello everyone. This is Anne Milan, Sociologist at Statistics Canada. The chat session will begin in one hour. I'll be answering your questions regarding the families, households and marital status data, according to the 2011 Census. Talk to you then!
Friday, September 21, 2012 10:30:50

 Anne Milan: The chat session will begin in 5 minutes!
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:25:08

 Anne Milan: Welcome everyone. It is 11:30 a.m. EDT and the session is now open. This is a bilingual chat session, which means that you can submit your questions in English or French. I will try to get to them in a timely manner and I will respond in the official language in which the question was asked.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:30:23

 Tara: Hi Anne! I have two questions: Why do you think common-law unions are increasing, and what has the divorce rate in Ontario been over the years? Thank you
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:30:37

 Anne Milan: Over the past decade we have seen a declining share of married-couple families and a corresponding increase in the shares of both common-law couple families and lone-parent families. The 2011 Census of Population is able to provide the data, but the reasons behind the trends come from other data sources. The 2011 Census does not cover divorce rates. This information may be found in the most recent chapter of the "Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada".
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:36:29

 AmeliaT: Which provinces have the highest and lowest divorce rate & do we know why?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:30:41

 Anne Milan: This week's Census release does not cover divorce rates. Information on nuptiality is available from the "Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada".
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:33:48

 Lynne Foley: Manitoba is the province with the highest number of people living alone at 28.2%. I am curious about what is behind this number, especially as we have many Aboriginal families which tend to be large, multi-generational units. Also, can you comment on the impact of living alone on the mental health of the population?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:33:14

 Anne Milan: Actually, the province of Quebec had the highest proportion of persons aged 15 and over that were living alone in 2011, at 32.2%. Generally, living alone is more prevalent at older ages, and so the share of the population that is living alone tends to be higher in relatively older populations. Mental health is not measured by the census. Other data sources at Statistics Canada are better suited to examine this topic.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:39:59

 JLemire: Hello, do you have figures for same-sex marriages (the kind with vows and all that)?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:35:12

 Anne Milan: Hello! Data on marriages come under vital statistics, which is the responsibility of each province and territory. By consulting the different provincial and territorial statistical agencies (such as the Institut de la statistique du Québec or BC Stats), you can quickly and easily find data on same-sex marriages in these provinces and territories.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:38:39

 BenfromBC: Do we compare our stats with those of the US? Ie. re: number of children, marriage rates, etc?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:36:04

 Anne Milan: The results from the 2011 Census of Population focus on the results for Canada. In some cases, we provided selected international comparisons, such as for common-law unions and one-person households. Please refer to the analytical document and "Census in Brief" series for more information.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:39:17

 CNMonsegue: What is the current population of York Region, Ontario?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:36:29

 Anne Milan: Thanks for your question. According to the 2011 Census of Population, the population of the York Census Division was 1,032,524 in 2011.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:40:58

 Lynne Foley: The data shows that SK is the province with the highest % of grandparents raising their grandchildren. Did you or could you consider in the analysis that in the Aboriginal community, it is sometimes a routine cultural practice for grandparents to raise their grandchildren. Since SK has such a high Aboriginal % of population, that possibly could be part of the explanation??
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:38:04

 Anne Milan: The 2011 Census of Population found that Saskatchewan did have the highest share of children aged 14 and under in skip-generation families. More information on other socio-demographic characteristics of these children might be available from the National Household Survey later in 2013.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:43:53

 Kreg Millar: Is the number of single-dad households growing?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:40:44

 Anne Milan: In the 2011 Census of Population, 3.5% of all census families were male lone-parent families. The number of these families grew 16.2% during the 2006 to 2011 period.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:45:58

 CNMonsegue: What has been the population trend in York Region within the past five years? What are the projections for the next decade?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:42:18

 Anne Milan: The population growth rate for the York Census Division was 15.7% between 2006 and 2011, compared to the national average of 5.9% and the provincial average of 5.7% for Ontario. The latest population projections from Statistics Canada are available for Canada, the provinces and territories for the period 2009 to 2061.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:45:18

 CNMonsegue: How many families have been impacted by domestic violence in York Region?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:45:08

 Moderator: CNMonsegue, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, that subject is not relevant to the topic of the chat and is outside the expert's area of expertise. We will follow up with you by email in the following business days.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:45:10

 Roland_B: Have you provided a rural/urban split on this data? I looked for it and could not find it. If YES, please provide location.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:46:18

 Anne Milan: Our Census Profile product provides data on smaller geographies such as population centres. In the analytical products and standard data products released this week, there are no direct urban/rural comparisons.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:56:46

 JLemire: Do you have detailed figures for persons over the age of 100?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:46:24

 Anne Milan: The second 2011 Census release on May 29 dealt with age and sex figures. It contains data on centenarians. The 2011 Census enumerated 5,825 centenarians. In this release on families and households, data on the lifestyle of centenarians (how many live alone, how many live in collective dwellings, etc.) are available in the document "Living arrangements of seniors" in the "Census in Brief" series.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:49:05

 Kreg Millar: Sorry one final question - what is the average family size for new canadians vs. other canadians?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:46:57

 Anne Milan: The average family size in Canada in 2011 was 2.9 persons. Other socio-demographic characteristics on families will be available from the National Household Survey later in 2013.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:48:39

 Holli Griffith: What do you see as the biggest shift in family dynamics for Sarnia Lambton ON, and does this follow any other area in Ontario with the same or close to population?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:48:52

 Anne Milan: The characteristics of the Sarnia census subdivision (or muncipality) are similar to that of Ontario overall, with a slightly higher share of married-couple families and lower share of common-couple families, compared to Canada overall. Please refer to the Census Profile for more information on this municipality:
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:57:30

 FSalini: How probable is it that StatsCan over-estimates the number of married same sex couples in Canada?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:50:38

 Anne Milan: The census counted 64,575 same-sex couples in Canada in 2011, including 21,015 same sex married couples. We believe that the number of same-sex married couples may be overestimated by up to 4,500 couples. The potential overestimation does not change the national trend. The number of same-sex couples in Canada has more than doubled and more than three in ten same-sex couples are married. The potential overestimation could have affected some provinces/territories more than others. These data should be used with caution.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:01:53

 CNMonsegue: How many women and children have sought emergency accommodation at Shelters in York Region? How many single women were turned away from local shelters in York Region?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:54:43

 Anne Milan: The Census enumerated people in shelters on Census Day. This information is published at the provincial level. In Ontario, there were 3,330 females enumerated in shelters, and 1,020 youths under 15 years old. The census does not collect information of people turned away from shelters.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:59:16

 audrawilliams: Do we know if the increase in single-dad households is because more dads are getting custody of their kids, or because more single gay men are adopting children? Thanks!
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:55:04

 Anne Milan: Census data do not provide any information about custody or adoption. However, it is likely that the increase in male lone-parent families is related to more joint custody of children. The proportion of male same-sex couples with children 24 years and under as enumerated in the 2011 Census is quite low.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:59:00

 SirKnight: What is the percentage that newly graduate students end up working based on their finished university/college degrees as per Canadian and immigrant/new Canadian citizens?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:55:45

 Moderator: SirKnight, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, that subject is not relevant to the topic of this chat session and is outside the expert's area of expertise. We will follow up with you by email in the following business days.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:55:43

 Nick K: Hi Anne. Is there a correlation between household size (ie. 1 person) and structural type of dwelling (ie. apartment)? Does historical data support that larger households (> 1 person) result in more traditional dwelling types (single-detached)? Is this shift in dwelling type more influenced by affordability and price issues or how many people physically reside in the dwelling?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:56:54

 Anne Milan: The 2011 Census data show that the average household size is the largest for those living in single-detached houses (2.8 persons per dwelling), and smallest in apartments (1.8 persons per dwelling). Information on the size of the dwelling (such as number of rooms or bedrooms) and the shelter costs was collected in the National Household Survey and will be part of the release on August 14, 2013.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:08:08

 Holli Griffith: What do you see as the biggest shift in family dynamics for Sarnia Lambton ON, and does this follow any other area in Ontario with the same or close to population?
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:57:30

 Moderator: Holli Griffith, the expert is doing his best to get to your question within the hour allowed for the chat session. If your question remains unanswered at the end of the session, it will be answered by email in the following business days.
Friday, September 21, 2012 11:57:43

 Holli Griffith: I'm not sure why the question was posted again as it has been answered. Thanks for the quick reply.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:00:20

 Moderator: You're welcome. Thank you for your question!
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:01:35

 CNMonsegue: What has been the migration trend with regard to analysing demographic multicultural data of York Region, Census 2011?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:04:14

 Moderator: CNMonsegue, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, that subject is not relevant to the topic of the chat session and is outside the expert's area of expertise. Immigration and ethnocultural information will be released as part of the National Household Survey on May 8, 2013.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:05:43

 SirKnight: Thank you for your response, Sir/Madam Moderator.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:06:21

 Moderator: No prob!
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:06:07

 Roland_B: As rural (i.e., non-CMA/CA) represents almost 20% of the population it seems surprising that you are not providing any rural data from this part of the census. Are there reasons for this? Must we pay for special requests for rural data?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:09:40

 Moderator: Roland_B, we will get back to you by email in a few business days regarding this question. Thank you
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:18:47

 audrawilliams: Thanks so much for answering! In talking to a friend about it, we realized that there wouldn't be any way to know if single men adopting kids are gay anyway, since you (thankfully) don't ask that question in the Census.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:13:52

 Anne Milan: You are very welcome.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:14:35

 audrawilliams: Another question! Where are people getting stats on the number of same sex couples, whether married or common law? There is no line for this in the census profiles.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:19:24

 Anne Milan: There is a section on same-sex couples in the analytical document "Portrait of Families and Living Arrangements in Canada". In addition, please refer to topic-based tabulations number 8 and 9.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:23:05

 Nick K: Has the persons per dwelling, in apartments, increased or decreased over the last few Census periods?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:20:00

 Anne Milan: Thank you for your question. Over the last three censuses, the average number of persons in apartments in buildings with five or more storeys was 1.8. The average number of persons in apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys was 1.9 in the 2001 Census, and 1.8 in the 2006 and 2011 Census at the national level.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:28:42

 CNMonsegue: How many families in York Region -subsidized housing?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:20:32

 Anne Milan: Thank you for your question. Information on subsidized housing was collected in the National Household Survey. This information will be released on August 14, 2013.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:21:49

 Anne Milan: Only 10 minutes left in the chat!
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:21:49

 Brian: I did not understand the details on the edit for the families, same sex or otherwise. Did the edits separate out where two siblings, and their children from other (separate) relationships, cohabit? How would they appear on the census results?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:27:30

 Anne Milan: Families are determined using Question 6 on the census questionnaire, Relationship to Person 1. Please refer to the Census Questionnaire or to the Families Reference Guide.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:32:55

 Holli Griffith: Some of the information released had great change. Did Census Canada think that this may be the direction from the last release and if so what do you think will be the trend for the next release when it comes to families?
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:30:20

 Anne Milan: Families have certainly become more diverse compared to a decade ago or fifty years ago. We will have to wait for the results of the 2016 Census to see how families evolve.
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:33:32

 Anne Milan: Thank you for all your questions and comments! It is 12:35 p.m. EDT, which means that the chat session is now over. If I didn't have a chance to respond to your question, I will follow-up by email in the next few days. The full transcript of this chat session will be made available on the website shortly. Have a great day!
Friday, September 21, 2012 12:35:39

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