Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: That's a good question. Unfortunately, this release does not cover knowledge of languages other than English and French. This information will be provided next May in the National Household Survey release. The 2006 data are available on how many speak each of the three languages, but not all three.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:39:13 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. Two Chinese languages are commonly spoken in Canada: Cantonese and Mandarin. Of these, Cantonese is a little more predominant than Mandarin. Please refer to Immigrant languages in Canada.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:37:22 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Information on the most bilingual cities is available on our website, but you will have to calculate the proportions. You can find this information in the highlight tables (Table 2).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:47:40 AM
Moderator: AlejandroR, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, this is not within the expert's area of expertise.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:42:28 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. I can't give you a precise answer at this time. However, Tagalog, Punjabi and Urdu are among the fastest-growing languages in the Toronto CMA. That said, I will send you accurate information next week. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:45:37 AM
Moderator: ptimusk, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, this is not within the expert's area of expertise. Your question will be answered by email in the coming business days.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:46:21 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. Yes, our data can be used to calculate intergenerational transfer rates. However, since the Census does not provide information on immigrant status and other socioeconomic characteristics, the assessment of these rates remains contingent on situational factors. Our past work shows that geographic concentration has an effect on the level of transmission, especially in the past. I invite you to read the article entitled Recent evolution of immigrant-language transmission in Canada, which deals specifically with this topic and is based on the 2006 data. Among other things, the effect of geographic concentration is examined. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:56:16 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Yes. You will find tables with information on mother tongue and language spoken at home (most often or regularly) on our website. Retention rates are calculated by dividing the number of people who speak a given language at home by the number of people with that language as their mother tongue. You can find this information by clicking this link (see Table 2).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:52:30 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Yes, we can. Our website contains information on the number of people who can speak English and French in 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011. The growth rate can be calculated as follows for any geography. For example, subtract the 2001 figures from the 2011 figures and divide the result by 10. This gives you the average annual growth over that period. The growth rate can be calculated by dividing the difference by the 2001 figures. Take a look at the historical figures.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:58:31 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. Yes, these questions would allow us to calculate the number of people who speak German, English and French at home (most often or regularly).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:59:19 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Would you like the information by province or by census metropolitan area?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:59:57 AM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Statistics Canada will soon be publishing a detailed analytical study on the comparability of the 2011 data with data from previous censuses. Owing to these changes, special attention must be paid to multiple responses (several languages reported). In general, the comparability issue is particularly relevant in regions where there is a significant number of people whose mother tongue is neither English nor French, that is, in the large census metropolitan areas.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:07:16 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. I can't give you an accurate answer right now, but I will respond to you about this next week. In 2011, 374,415 people reported Arabic as their mother tongue, and in 2006, this number was 286,785. Next week, I will provide you with more detailed information (mother tongue and language spoken at home) for the geographic areas you asked about. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:04:51 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. Unfortunately, we can't perform the suggested cross-tabulations. It will be possible when the National Household Survey data are released in May 2013. Thank you.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:07:08 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: You're welcome!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:04:22 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: In order, by province and territory, the least English–French bilingual are Nunavut (3.8%), Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador (4.6%), Alberta (6.5%), British Columbia (6.8%) and the Northwest Territories (9.1%).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:10:50 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Statistics Canada is not planning to publish a detailed analysis on the first official language spoken (FOLS) at this time. A number of tables are available based on the 2011 Census data on FOLS. However, you can consult detailed analytical reports for official language minorities in each Canadian province using data from the 2006 Census in the Portrait of Official Language Minorities in Canada.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:17:54 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello again. It is likely that the strong growth of Tagalog is due to an increase in international immigration from the Philippines. However, we can be certain only when the data from the National Household Survey are released in May 2013. Thank you.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:11:37 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: According to 2011 Census data, the proportion of people with French as their mother tongue in Ontario who spoke French most often at home was 43.4%, up from 41.8% in 2006. In 2001, this proportion was 40.3%. However, of the people with French as their mother tongue who reported speaking English most often at home in 2011, 44.9% reported that they spoke French regularly as a secondary language.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:22:42 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. No, for the time being, there are no plans to conduct another post-censal survey of official language minorities. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:24:36 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: You're very welcome.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:28:51 PM
Jean-Pierre Corbeil: The 2011 Census does not measure that type of information. However, the National Household Survey will provide the information in its first release on May 8, 2013.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:31:58 PM