Transcript of the chat session on language data, 2011 Census, which occurred on Friday, October 26, 2012, from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. EDT

Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello, everyone. I'm Jean-Pierre Corbeil, a language statistics expert at Statistics Canada. The chat session will begin in one hour. I will answer your questions about the 2011 Census data on language. See you later!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 10:30:00 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: The chat session will begin in 5 minutes!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:25:50 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Welcome, everyone. It is 11:30 EDT, and the session is now open. This chat session is bilingual, which means you can submit your questions in English or French. I will try to answer them promptly and in the language in which the question was asked.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:30:25 AM

 ptimusk: How many people are trilingual French, English and German in Ontario?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:31:29 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: That's a good question. Unfortunately, this release does not cover knowledge of languages other than English and French. This information will be provided next May in the National Household Survey release. The 2006 data are available on how many speak each of the three languages, but not all three.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:39:13 AM

 Abigail Panyada: What is the most commonly spoken Chinese language?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:33:04 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. Two Chinese languages are commonly spoken in Canada: Cantonese and Mandarin. Of these, Cantonese is a little more predominant than Mandarin. Please refer to Immigrant languages in Canada.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:37:22 AM

 M_Normand: Journalists talked about a list of the 25 most bilingual cities in Canada, but were unable to provide us with this list. Do you know where we can find it?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:34:27 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Information on the most bilingual cities is available on our website, but you will have to calculate the proportions. You can find this information in the highlight tables (Table 2).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:47:40 AM

 AlejandroR: Do you think there is a link between languages and political economy (i.e., interest in particular countries)?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:36:48 AM

 Moderator: AlejandroR, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, this is not within the expert's area of expertise.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:42:28 AM

 Tbead: What is the fastest-growing language spoken at home in Toronto?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:37:34 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. I can't give you a precise answer at this time. However, Tagalog, Punjabi and Urdu are among the fastest-growing languages in the Toronto CMA. That said, I will send you accurate information next week. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:45:37 AM

 ptimusk: Is there a link between these bilingual cities and crime rates?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:45:33 AM

 Moderator: ptimusk, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, this is not within the expert's area of expertise. Your question will be answered by email in the coming business days.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:46:21 AM

 Mathieu Wade: Do the data make it possible to assess the intergenerational transfer rate of non-official languages in the country? What is the effect of geographic concentration on the ability of a language to be transmitted?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:46:32 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. Yes, our data can be used to calculate intergenerational transfer rates. However, since the Census does not provide information on immigrant status and other socioeconomic characteristics, the assessment of these rates remains contingent on situational factors. Our past work shows that geographic concentration has an effect on the level of transmission, especially in the past. I invite you to read the article entitled Recent evolution of immigrant-language transmission in Canada, which deals specifically with this topic and is based on the 2006 data. Among other things, the effect of geographic concentration is examined. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:56:16 AM

 M_Normand: Are there comparable tables for mother-tongue retention, or are these data from the new census questions?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:47:05 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Yes. You will find tables with information on mother tongue and language spoken at home (most often or regularly) on our website. Retention rates are calculated by dividing the number of people who speak a given language at home by the number of people with that language as their mother tongue. You can find this information by clicking this link (see Table 2).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:52:30 AM

 ptimusk: Can we estimate the speed, per year, at which our populations are becoming bilingual?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:47:24 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Yes, we can. Our website contains information on the number of people who can speak English and French in 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011. The growth rate can be calculated as follows for any geography. For example, subtract the 2001 figures from the 2011 figures and divide the result by 10. This gives you the average annual growth over that period. The growth rate can be calculated by dividing the difference by the 2001 figures. Take a look at the historical figures.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:58:31 AM

 Paul_H: With regard to the "trilingual" question from ptimusk, couldn't Questions 8a and 8b from the 2A census questionnaire provide the necessary data? Specifically, they ask: 8(a) What language does this person speak most often at home? 1: English; 2: French; 3: Other - Specify; and 8(b) Does this person speak any other languages on a regular basis at home? 1: No, 2: Yes, English; 3: Yes, French; 4: Yes, Other - Specify.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:48:41 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. Yes, these questions would allow us to calculate the number of people who speak German, English and French at home (most often or regularly).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:59:19 AM

 T_Toutini: Which region of the country is the least bilingual (English and French)?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:48:50 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Would you like the information by province or by census metropolitan area?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:59:57 AM

 ME Hudon: Given the changes to the census questionnaire and the data collection method for 2011, do you have any advice or warnings for the researchers analyzing the language data?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:51:24 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Statistics Canada will soon be publishing a detailed analytical study on the comparability of the 2011 data with data from previous censuses. Owing to these changes, special attention must be paid to multiple responses (several languages reported). In general, the comparability issue is particularly relevant in regions where there is a significant number of people whose mother tongue is neither English nor French, that is, in the large census metropolitan areas.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:07:16 PM

 Najia: Hello. What is the growth of the use of Arabic in Canada, Ontario and Ottawa between the 2006 and 2011 censuses? Also, in which Canadian city is Arabic used most commonly? Thank you for your reply.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:52:53 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello. I can't give you an accurate answer right now, but I will respond to you about this next week. In 2011, 374,415 people reported Arabic as their mother tongue, and in 2006, this number was 286,785. Next week, I will provide you with more detailed information (mother tongue and language spoken at home) for the geographic areas you asked about. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:04:51 PM

 M_Normand: Are there any other data that would allow us to cross-tabulate and check whether the growth in the number of French speakers in a region is related to interprovincial migration (and therefore to a decline in another region)?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 11:53:02 AM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. Unfortunately, we can't perform the suggested cross-tabulations. It will be possible when the National Household Survey data are released in May 2013. Thank you.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:07:08 PM

 ptimusk: Thank you, Jean Pierre and everyone.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:01:48 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: You're welcome!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:04:22 PM

 T_Toutini: By province, please.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:04:10 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: In order, by province and territory, the least English–French bilingual are Nunavut (3.8%), Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador (4.6%), Alberta (6.5%), British Columbia (6.8%) and the Northwest Territories (9.1%).
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:10:50 PM

 ME Hudon: Is Statistics Canada planning to publish a detailed analysis of the data on the first official language spoken? If so, when and in what form?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:08:32 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Statistics Canada is not planning to publish a detailed analysis on the first official language spoken (FOLS) at this time. A number of tables are available based on the 2011 Census data on FOLS. However, you can consult detailed analytical reports for official language minorities in each Canadian province using data from the 2006 Census in the Portrait of Official Language Minorities in Canada.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:17:54 PM

 Najia: Hello again. How do you explain the significant growth in the use of Tagalog? Is it due to an increase in the number of new immigrants from the Philippines? Thanks!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:08:43 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hello again. It is likely that the strong growth of Tagalog is due to an increase in international immigration from the Philippines. However, we can be certain only when the data from the National Household Survey are released in May 2013. Thank you.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:11:37 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Only 15 minutes left in the session. Don't hesitate to send your questions!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:15:21 PM

 Najia: Jean-Pierre, what about Franco-Ontarians? Is there a decline in the use of French by Franco-Ontarians? In other words, what is the current state of affairs for those who live in Ontario and report French as their mother tongue, and what is the language used most in the home? Thanks!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:18:58 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: According to 2011 Census data, the proportion of people with French as their mother tongue in Ontario who spoke French most often at home was 43.4%, up from 41.8% in 2006. In 2001, this proportion was 40.3%. However, of the people with French as their mother tongue who reported speaking English most often at home in 2011, 44.9% reported that they spoke French regularly as a secondary language.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:22:42 PM

 M_Normand: Are there plans to conduct another post-censal study on official language minorities?
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:21:42 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Hi. No, for the time being, there are no plans to conduct another post-censal survey of official language minorities. Thank you for your question.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:24:36 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Only 5 minutes left!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:25:55 PM

  Najia: Thank you, Jean-Pierre, for all the answers!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:26:37 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: You're very welcome.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:28:51 PM

 Amers41: Of all households in Canada that speak a language other than English or French, how many people are second- or third-generation immigrants? (I hope that makes sense!) Thank you.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:28:12 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: The 2011 Census does not measure that type of information. However, the National Household Survey will provide the information in its first release on May 8, 2013.
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:31:58 PM

 Jean-Pierre Corbeil: Thank you for all your questions and comments! It's 12:33 p.m. EDT, and the chat session is now over. If I was unable to answer your question, I will do so by email in the next few days. The full transcript of this chat session will be made available on the website shortly. Have a good weekend!
Friday, October 26, 2012, 12:33:10 PM