Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.
Moderator at 13:36:57
No formal presentation is available. This is a live chat session with our Education data experts. You can send our experts questions through the Question box in the chat room.
Michael Martin at 13:38:46
Thank you for your question. The current report is based on the OECD's Education at a Glance set of indicators, and language dimensions are not included. For this information I would recommend consulting the 2011 National Household Survey results.
Klarka Zeman at 13:40:06
Thank you for your question. Immigrants would be included in the data that are used to calculate all of the indicators in this report.
Michael Martin at 13:44:05
ISCED 3 refers to upper secondary education graduation, which in Canada includes grade 11 (in Quebec) to grade 13. This also includes those who have taken some postsecondary education and who have not completed it and whose highest level of attainment is high school completion.
Klarka Zeman at 13:47:58
Thank you for your question. The PDF version of the report will be available at the end of January; we will email it to you when it is available.
Klarka Zeman at 13:52:53
Hello, if you are interested in custom tabulations controlled for immigrant flows, you can contact Statistics Canada at 1-800-263-1136.
We do not have time series on a per student basis, but we do have a number of CANSIM tables regarding education finance, including expenditures at the primary/secondary, college and university levels. You can access them here.
If you are interested in Excel versions of the data tables in this report, please don't hesitate to contact us at the telephone number listed above.
Michael Martin at 13:55:02
With respect to the funding breakdown between countries, I refer you to table B3.1.a in the OECD's Education at a Glance, 2016. Data on revenue from domestic vs foreign students are not available. Regarding tuition fees for domestic and foreign students, I would refer you to the release of the survey of Tuition and Living and Accommodations Costs (TLAC).
Klarka Zeman at 13:59:08
Thank you for your question. A PDF version of the report will be available at the end of January. We can email it to you.
We do compare teachers' salaries in Canada after 15 years of experience with teachers' salaries in a selected number of countries and the OECD average in this chart.
Klarka Zeman at 14:02:04
Thank you for your question. We do not present projections for any of the indicators in this report. For time series data for education finance, please see CANSIM.
Michael Martin at 14:04:10
Thank you for your question. Could you please clarify which chart/table you are referring to? Chart A.3.1 shows that employment rates increase with increased levels of education for both men and women; however, the degree to which this takes place is different between men and women. Looking at the labour data would shed more light on the relationship but is outside the scope of the analysis in this report.
Klarka Zeman at 14:08:20
Thank you for your question. Are you referring to expenditure per student (section B1) or expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP (section B2)?
Michael Martin at 14:10:54
Thank you for your question. Because the indicators in this report are based on OECD definitions, I would refer you to the OECD's Education at a Glance website for further information. The OECD publishes a number of companion documents that elaborate on its methodologies.
Klarka Zeman at 14:13:30
Thank you for your comment and question. Yes, as you have noted, women do tend to have lower employment rates, although the difference between the employment rate for men and women decreases with higher levels of education.
Klarka Zeman at 14:25:58
Thank you for your comment.
Michael Martin at 14:27:05
Chart A.1.2 simply illustrates the different educational attainment levels of men and women, with no reference to employment outcomes. As mentioned, Chart A.3.1 shows a clear relationship between higher levels of education and increased employment rates. However, the overall rates of employment are lower for women. The reasons for this discrepancy are beyond the scope of this report. However, some of these reasons are outlined in the OECD's Education at a Glance 2016 and can be found on page 120 of the report.
Klarka Zeman at 14:29:20
Hello, thank you for your question. The tertiary level also includes colleges. The table in our publication includes all tertiary levels combined. If you are more interested in the short-cycle tertiary level, you can contact us at 1-800-263-1136.
Klarka Zeman at 14:32:16
Expenditure per student at the postsecondary level is higher than that at the primary/secondary level, and that is true in Canada, the provinces and territories, and most OECD countries.
However, the portion of GDP spending on education is larger for the primary/secondary sector than for the postsecondary sector; please see section B2.
Michael Martin at 14:33:36
There will be no further updates to this report. Data not included in the report were not available or could not be calculated. Should these data become available at a later time, they will be included in next year's edition.