Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.
Didier Garriguet at 13:04:36
Some questions come from other Statistics Canada surveys. The original content is tested by a team of Statistics Canada specialists.
Rachel Colley at 13:06:49
Unfortunately, we do not have a video summary of the report. This is a great idea for us to consider in the future! We do have an infographic that provides a nice overview of the new paper.
Didier Garriguet at 13:07:56
Hi, thanks for your question. Currently, we have nothing underway. However, physical literacy is a topic that is being explored for possible future content in the Canadian Health Measures Survey.
Didier Garriguet at 13:08:01
The children wear an activity monitor for seven consecutive days. Some questions are asked, but the data on physical activity come from direct measures.
Rachel Colley at 13:08:56
Unfortunately, data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey is only at the national level. There is no breakdown by province or region. The Canadian Community Health Survey has self-reported data that is available by province.
Rachel Colley at 13:10:36
Hi there - this is a common question. Unfortunately, the Canadian Health Measures Survey is designed to provide national-level estimates only. Another Statistics Canada Survey (Canadian Community Health Survey) does provide estimates at the provincial and regional level.
Didier Garriguet at 13:12:53
Hi KatieRoth, unfortunately the Canadian Health Measures Survey data are not publically available. The data are available through Statistics Canada's Research Data Centres Program.
Didier Garriguet at 13:14:51
Very good question cchampio. Although the recommendations for 60 minutes of physical activity per day didn't change, authors of the recommendations are now using an operational definition of weekly average instead of every day. Weekly average will be higher, since as soon as you miss a day, you won't meet the every day definition. We do reports on both values in the most recent articles: 33% have an average of 60 minutes per day for the week, 7% are meeting the recommendations every day. In both cases, the trend hasn't change in the last decade.
Rachel Colley at 13:16:08
Hi - great question. The new 24-Hour Movement Guidelines that were released in 2016 suggested changing the interpretation of the physical activity recommendation of 60 minutes per day. In the past, a more strict interpretation was used where kids had to accumulate 60 minutes on 6 out of 7 days. The new approach classifies kids as meeting the recommendation if their average daily MVPA is ≥ 60 minutes. The new paper was meant to examine this issue closely and highlight the utility of looking at the data from several different angles.
Didier Garriguet at 13:18:17
Hi, there is nothing currently available from the Canadian Health Measures Survey because of its small sample size. However, there are some statistics presented from other data sources in the Partipaction Report Card.
Rachel Colley at 13:18:29
The Canadian Health Measures Survey provides ongoing statistics on many health behaviours and outcomes of Canadians. This information is valuable to various stakeholders working to develop policy and programs.
Didier Garriguet at 13:19:10
To determine whether children are active, we use data collected with the accelerometer, an activity monitor worn around the waist.
Moderator / Modérateur at 13:19:17
Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, we are not mandated to answer questions related to policies/programs. We suggest contacting Health Canada.
Rachel Colley at 13:20:50
Yes, physical activity is measured in the Canadian Health Measures Survey using accelerometers. Participants wear the devices for one week. The data are blind to participants and are downloaded after being returned to Statistics Canada. Yes, the time when monitors are removed is accounted for in the analysis. Any period greater than 60 minutes is investigated as possible non wear time.
Didier Garriguet at 13:21:48
Hi tarbuckl, thanks for your question. The Canadian Health Measures Survey team is currently exploring the feasibility of using the Actigraph for future cycles, possibly for cycle 7 (2020).
Didier Garriguet at 13:21:50
In addition to the accelerometer, we ask parents certain questions on the time spent in front of a screen and playing sports, or taking organized or unorganized lessons, whether at school or not. Children less than 12 years of age are not asked any questions.
Rachel Colley at 13:23:58
Hi KARINE. This paper is focused on the surveillance statistics only and doesn't get into reasons explaining the current levels. You may be interested in some recent papers that get at factors related to physical activity in children: parents, organized activities and outdoor time.
Didier Garriguet at 13:25:28
Good question LindseyPartridge. We looked at the relationship between time spent outside and physical activity. This means that for every extra 60 minutes spent outside, physical activity is 7 minutes higher than the average. If the average was 60 minutes, spending an extra 60 minutes will bring it up to 67 minutes, or an added 10%.
Rachel Colley at 13:26:41
There are many variables that can influence children's activity levels. In the infographic, we included the factors that were identified in our recently published Health Reports papers. Here are the links to the two papers that discuss those factors.
Parent-Child association in physical activity and sedentary behaviour
Outdoor time, physical activity, sedentary time, and health indicators at ages 7 to 14: 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey
Rachel Colley at 13:27:02
Non-ambulatory children were excluded from the accelerometer portion of the survey. They were captured in the physical activity questionnaire portion of the survey. These results are likely to be published in 2018. We often lack the sample size required to publish results for specific sub-groups beyond age group and sex.
Didier Garriguet at 13:28:00
Good question. We have not done any comparisons with other countries recently. The United States have comparable data, but nothing has been published since 2005/2006.
Moderator / Modérateur at 13:29:18
Hi @ken.leang, thank you for your question. The transcript of this chat session will be available shortly on our website here.
Didier Garriguet at 13:29:52
Thank you very much, Katrina Joubert. It is indeed an in-depth source of data to explore.
Rachel Colley at 13:30:44
Hi sprincew - We tried wear time logs in Cycle 1 of the CHMS with little success. The lack of clarity on what the non wear time represents is a noted limitation of this measurement. It is something that can be managed in smaller surveys but is difficult within the context of large population health surveys.
Didier Garriguet at 13:31:06
There are not currently any results published by income level or by urban/rural splits.
However, in the article "Physical activity of Canadian children and youth" income was included as a covariate in the regression analysis.
The sample size of the Canadian Health Measures Survey does not allow for results to be published by urban/rural split.
Didier Garriguet at 13:32:12
Thanks for the question. For children, every minute counts. For adults, activity needs to be cumulated in 10-minute blocks.
Rachel Colley at 13:33:42
Thanks for your question, Diane. We do not currently have data with an urban rural breakdown of children's participation in organized sports and activities. However, Statistics Canada is working toward improving our collection of data on rural-urban differences.
Rachel Colley at 13:35:06
Hi - good catch on the conflicting numbers. I had a look and think that the difference may be due to a slightly different age range in that statistic. They are reporting cycle 4 only age 5 to 17.
Didier Garriguet at 13:37:16
Good question Heather D. The infographics focused on physical activity, particularly MVPA, since recommendations use MVPA. We can however report on light or even sedentary time. For children aged 3 and 4, previous reports showed total physical activity. Here is the link.
Rachel Colley at 13:37:33
Thanks for your question, mnadon. We do have a recent report on the physical activity levels of preschool children aged 3 to 5. Here is a link to that article: Physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Canadian children aged 3 to 5
Didier Garriguet at 13:40:51
Yes. "Moderate-to-vigorous" physical activity is for measured data. "Sweat at least a little and breathe harder" is for self-reported data.
Rachel Colley at 13:41:16
Hi lgodin - you have touched on a very challenging situation that we continue to grapple with. We are currently working on examining how to better use self-reported and objectively measured data in a complementary way. Look for papers in 2018 that examine the relationship between accelerometer-measured and questionnaire-based methods. The current questionnaire module used in the CHMS is also being used in the CCHS (a survey that enables regional/provincial breakdown).The accelerometer-measured data provide a population-level picture of overall levels while the self-reported information is great for telling us more about the context of participation - how, when and why Canadians are active.
Didier Garriguet at 13:43:46
The objective of the Canadian Health Measures Survey is to collect information on the health and lifestyles of the Canadian population at the national level. However, estimates at the provincial level are permitted in certain cases (for example, Ontario or Quebec) by combining several data cycles.
Rachel Colley at 13:44:19
You have raised some very important topics. The other paper released last week (by Karen Roberts and colleagues) touches on sleep and screen time. Future work from Statistics Canada will look into the 24-hour period in more detail, including light intensity movement and sedentary time.
Didier Garriguet at 13:44:38
The future CHSCY is currently testing the use of pedometers. They will be able to count the number of steps. We also have the number of steps in the CHMS so, in theory, if the pedometer is the final choice, we will be able to compare some data.
Didier Garriguet at 13:47:36
No, these questions were asked to children aged 12 to 17 years. In the future, we will compare their responses with the measured data because these questions were also asked to youth in the 2015 and 2016 CCHS.
Didier Garriguet at 13:54:15
Thank you very much for participating in this chat session.
Rachel Colley at 13:55:32
Hi. The result you are seeing on the infographic is from Richard Larouche's paper. This is the result of a regression analysis and tells us that for every additional hour a child reports being outside we can expect their average daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity to be 7 minutes higher when compared to a child not reporting that same amount of outdoor time.
Didier Garriguet at 14:00:26
This is a good question. A lot of combinations are possible (for example the "weekend warrior" who is very active on only 1-2 days per week), but what we see is that in general, being active 60 minutes on average is similar to accumulating at least 60 minutes on 4 out of 7 days.
Didier Garriguet at 14:02:07
The recommendations are 60 minutes per day, regardless of the context, be it at home or at school. Every minute counts.