Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.
Susan Wallace at 12:35:54
That is a great question, thank you! We are able to compare responses over time by linking the current census to previous census cycles. That way, we can see how individuals have responded in different years.
Thomas Anderson at 12:37:30
Hi Peter A. Miller,
Thanks for your question. We have a number of products that looked at the housing of Aboriginal peoples in Canada. For starters, we wrote a short article on the subject, which covers household crowding and the number of people living in a dwelling that needs major repairs.
Waiting time for a house is not something that was asked in the 2016 Census. On the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, we did ask about wait times for subsidized housing. The data from that will be released next year.
Eric Olson at 12:40:07
Hello PaulCheck. Thanks for the question.
Children in care should be accounted for in their place of usual residence. This could be a collective dwelling or a private dwelling. Depending on their status, they would often be identiifed as foster children when in a private dwelling.
This should not impact the census in terms of population counts.
Susan Wallace at 12:42:33
Hi Peter A. Miller,
Data on employment will be released on November 29th. At that time, it will be possible to obtain data on Labour and Education for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit by sex, for different age groups, for a number of different of geographies.
Thomas Anderson at 12:42:36
For the 2016 Census, we enumerated the population living both on and off reserve. Data were collected for the vast majority of First Nations people living on reserve.
There were a small number (14) of First Nations who did not participate in the Census. This number was down from previous cycles. You can find the list here.
Susan Wallace at 12:46:18
Yes, we can compare responses over time on the census, provided that we are able to link between the respondents.
Thomas Anderson at 12:46:33
Thanks for your question! I am glad that you find the information on Indigenous children 0-4 helpful. You can find a data table that includes children above the age of 4 here.
These statistics include only children living in private households.
Jeff Randle at 12:47:20
Thanks for your question. One of the housing data tables made available October 25 cross-tabulates dwelling condition and household type including family structure: 98-400-X2016225.
Household type including family structure would allow you to isolate for households which have children present. You can also download the table in Beyond 20/20 or other formats should you wish to manipulate the data further.
If this table doesn't meet your needs, you can request custom tabulations using the Contact Us page.
Susan Wallace at 12:49:27
The methodology on reserve was comparable between 2006 and 2016. For more information on comparability, please see the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
Susan Wallace at 12:54:39
The data you are looking for are not available in standard products. However, you can contact STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca to request a custom tabulation.
Eric Olson at 12:56:58
The population on reserves, in the North and living on farms has traditionally been excluded from the low-income analysis. I've included an excerpt from the Census Dictionary below.
Related to some of the other dimensions of poverty, there are some data on housing suitability according to the National Occupancy Standard (defined by CMHC) or a persons-per-room metric and on dwelling conditions (as reported in the Census in Brief article The housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada) that are also available for the on-reserve population.
Low-income concepts do not apply to the full population. For example, persons living in collective households are excluded from the concepts because their living arrangements and expenditure patterns can be quite different from those of persons living in private households.
The low-income concepts are also not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.
Thomas Anderson at 12:58:43
Thanks for your question. It is a difficult one to answer simply using census data. We disseminated data for languages if the count of speakers was 45 or over. We don't disseminate for those languages with fewer than 45 speakers.
We can say that there were 36 Aboriginal languages that had at least 500 speakers. Here's a table that gives you detailed information on Aboriginal languages.
Overall, the number of Aboriginal people who were able to speak an Aboriginal language went up by 3.1% from 2006 to 2016.
Thomas Anderson at 13:01:08
Thank you for your question.
The impact of increases in self-identification is factored into the population growth projections. The most recent projections are here. Search for the term "ethnic mobility" in the projection report and you will find an excellent explanation regarding how increases in self-identification are taken into consideration in different projection scenarios.
Using census data from 2006 and 2016 and the National Household Survey data from 2011, we can see where high growth occurred. We can also see which regions and population groups (First Nations, Métis, Inuit) have experienced the most growth. This provides us with some insight into the higher self-identification numbers.
Christine Laporte at 13:01:13
Thanks @leonardt for your question!
Housing suitability and persons per room are two indicators of crowding.
More information about housing suitability and persons per room can be found in the Census Dictionary.
Thomas Anderson at 13:06:30
In 2016, there were more than 70 Aboriginal languages reported on the census. However, we don't disseminate information for all of these. If the number of speakers for a given language falls below 45, we do not publish this information. We have made improvements to our online questionnaire that allow us to capture language responses with greater specificity than in the past. For example, if a respondent filled in "Cree", he or she would have then provided a more specific name upon prompting, such as "Woods Cree".
Here is a table with the detailed list of Aboriginal languages.
Susan Wallace at 13:10:22
Thanks for your question. A similar question was posed in an earlier chat session, with the following reply:
In the past, Statistics Canada used median age as an indicator summarizing population age structure. However, we have decided to move to average age in 2016. Among others, a reason for the change is the fact that median age will not adjust as well when all baby boomers have moved to older ages. Median age does not account for shifts in the age structure at older ages, as it only divides the population in two groups of equal size. Mean age will adjust better for the changes in the age distribution at older ages, for example when boomers reach age 85 and above. Thus, as population aging has recently accelerated in Canada, we believe mean age will be more consistent with the other key messages than median age.As the population ages, average age is a better tool to measure the age of the population.
In terms of comparability, while the publically available tables contain average age, median age could be obtained through a custom table request. Please contact Statistics Canada for more information.
Thomas Anderson at 13:13:36
Thanks for your question. The Aboriginal identification question is a self-identification question, and no definition of Métis was included on the Census questionnaire or guide. On the census we asked "Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)?"
Moderator at 13:17:33
Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, this question is out of scope for this chat session. We suggest you contact the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS).
Eric Olson at 13:17:39
Thank you for the question leonardt.
There is a description in the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 of our linkage methodology and the rates we have achieved for different population groups.
In particular, Table 10 provides rates for different population groups.
The breakdown for the on-reserve population is provided in the text: 63.9% of the respondents aged 15 years and older were linked to a tax return (full information) and another 18.3% were linked to any information slips (such as T4) that would have been supplied by the financial institutions or employers.
So, on reserve, roughly 79% of the total dollar amount came from administrative sources and 21% was imputed. Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016
Susan Wallace at 13:18:54
In the country's most remote areas, such as the Northern Reserves and the Inuit regions, we use a 100% sample. In the other regions, we use a 25% sample. With this methodology, we can product reliable statistics for all the regions.
Susan Wallace at 13:19:24
As part of the Education and Labour release on November 29th, there will be new data tables with Aboriginal identity, Education and Labour variables. At a later date (in 2018), there will be an additional release of data tables.
Jeff Randle at 13:19:54
Thank you for writing in. While Statistics Canada and the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CHMC) work in tandem to deliver housing data and products to Canadians, for CMHC data products and release dates you would need to contact CMHC directly.
Thomas Anderson at 13:20:58
Thanks for your question.
While the term "Indigenous" is becoming more commonly used, for the 2016 Census release, Statistics Canada used the term Aboriginal. This corresponds to the terminology that was used with respondents when they answered the questionnaire. The 2016 Census question referred to Aboriginal people (i.e., Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuk?).
Statistics Canada is in the process of a review and testing strategy that will examine terminology of the 2021 Census questions, as well as future surveys at Statistics Canada. Regional discussions are taking place with First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, organizations, data users, and other stakeholders across Canada.
Moderator at 13:28:12
Thank you for participating! :)
Moderator at 13:30:27
It was nice of you to join us!