Note: This was a bilingual chat session, which means that the participants were able to submit their questions in English or French. Statistics Canada respects the Official Languages Act and is committed to ensuring that information products of equal quality are available in both English and French. For that reason, all the questions and answers have been translated in the other official language.
Jason Gilmore at 12:40:51
We do not collect data on frequency of travel.
Please check out this link to data tables we have available for Journey to work.
Mark Knarr at 12:42:02
Hello, thank you for your question.
With the mobility data tables you are able to see respondents who moved out at the Census Metropolitan Area/Census Agglomeration (CMACA) or province level by 5 year age groups up to 85 years of age and older. However, by age alone we are not able to determine which respondents of a given age grouping are retired.
You can find out migration information at the following links:
5 year migration for provinces
5 year migration for CMA/CA
1 year migration for provinces
1 year migration for CMA/CA
Jason Gilmore at 12:43:22
Hello randhill! Thanks for your questions.
1) There are no notable methodological differences specific to Journey to work 2006, 2011 and 2016. The journey to work data on main mode of commuting are comparable across the three cycles. The differences of note, though, are: (a) in 2011, 'public transit' was further refined to specify the type of public transit; (b) in 2011, differentiation in the number of people in a private vehicle were added; and (c) in 2011, the questions on commuting duration and time leaving for work were also added.
So, for example, if you want to compare proportions using car, public transit, walk and cycle, you can compare 2006, 2011 and 2016 no problem. For duration, for example, you can compare 2011 and 2016.
2) Yes, custom tabulation requests can be made for CSD commuting flow data broken down with more detail than is currently available (total, male, female). Obviously the results will still have to follow the same rules, including only providing flows of 20 or more people.
I trust these answers your questions!
Emmanuelle Bourbeau at 12:44:33
Thank you for your question. The most detailed level of geography for the origin-destination matrices is the census subdivision. Here is the link to the table. For more detailed geography levels, you must submit a special request to STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca.
To answer your second question, the distance from home to work refers to the distance in a straight line, in kilometres, between a person's home and his or her usual place of work.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil at 12:49:10
Thank you for your question. Please note that many other statistical tables will be available on the Statistics Canada website by the end of March 2018. Many of them will include statistics on the first official language spoken, the language of work, industry sectors and occupations. To get data on the language of work using NOC (four-digit) and NAICS (three-digit), several options are possible: the public use microdata file will be released in 2018 (date to be confirmed soon) and the census microdata file will be available in Statistics Canada's 33 research data centres. Custom requests can also be made to the statistical information line at STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca.
Patrick Charbonneau at 12:51:18
Thank you for your question. Various data tables were released with respect to mobility and migration. In those tables, it is possible to see the results according to sex, age, mother tongue and marital status. We did not release data tables that show mobility according to the Aboriginal identity specifically. However, we could help you out with your question if you submit a custom request. It should also be possible to do your own analysis using public microdata files to be released later in 2018.
Finally, you may be interested to know that some analysts here at Statistics Canada are presently working on studying migration behaviours of Aboriginal peoples. You may see some analytical products on that topic that are going to be released in the future.
Jason Gilmore at 12:52:33
Hello JOANOSBORN! Thank you for your questions.
There are no notable methodological differences specific to Journey to work 2011 and 2016. The journey to work data on main mode of commuting are comparable across the two cycles.
For the variables you have listed, they are fully comparable. The only thing you will need to note are geography boundary changes in CD, CSD, CMA or CA from 2011 to 2016. That can make a difference in making comparisons between these two cycles. Here is a link to GeoSuite, which can help you identify 2011-2016 boundary changes in specific communities.
Thank you for your questions!
Moderator at 12:54:15
Thanks for joining! Send us your questions!
Jason Gilmore at 12:57:48
You're welcome, JOANOSBORN!
Jean-François Lepage at 12:59:26
Hi jasmine.ing. Thanks for your question. Generally speaking, we have to be careful making comparisons between the 2011 NHS and a census. As indicated in the note published with the 2011 National Household Survey results, the high rates of non‑response and imputation can affect the comparability with census data. We would recommend to compare 2016 Census data with 2006 Census data, especially for small geographies.
Nevertheless, you can compare 2016 data with 2011 NHS data taking into account the specific information for each topic. The concepts haven't changed for language of work (some language categories have been added) and mobility and migration. The journey to work data on main mode of commuting are comparable across the three cycles. The differences of note, though, are: (a) in 2011, 'public transit' was further refined to specify the type of public transit; (b) in 2011, differentiation in the number of people in a private vehicle were added; and (c) in 2011, the questions on commuting duration and time leaving for work were also added. So, for example, if you want to compare proportions using car, public transit, walk and cycle, you can compare 2006, 2011 and 2016 without problem. For duration, for example, you can compare 2011 and 2016.
Jason Gilmore at 13:01:11
You're welcome @bilodan.
Jason Gilmore at 13:03:16
You're welcome randhill!
Our Reference Guide can also provide you information about 2016 Journey to Work, including comparability over time and any minor changes to 2016 processes, etc.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil at 13:04:34
Hi, please find all currently available tables on language of work and immigrant status at various levels of detail here.
Moderator at 13:06:41
Great, welcome! This chat session is on 2016 Census Journey to work, language of work, mobility and migration data. Send us your questions!
Emmanuelle Bourbeau at 13:15:22
Thank you for your question! The school is not considered a place of work for students. However, it is possible for students to work at the school they attend. In this case, the commute would be included.
Students often work after school hours near the school. As a result, the data may have commuting and transportation patterns that are unusual compared with their place of residence. For more information please consult the Journey to Work Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil at 13:21:30
Thank you CharanS for your interesting question. Unfortunately, Statistics Canada has very limited information or data on this specific topic. However, given that this is a very relevant topic, I encourage you to get in touch with our colleagues from the Centre for Education Statistics at firstname.lastname@example.org. They will get in touch with us and we could see how we can provide any help or information on this topic.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil at 13:22:03
Hi again CharanS,
Still another very interesting question for which we unfortunately have limited data and information. To my knowledge, no such data program exists on this topic at Statistics Canada.
Jean-Pierre Corbeil at 13:25:37
You are welcome CharanS!
Emmanuelle Bourbeau at 13:41:28
Interesting question! You can get the data at more detailed geographic levels. The most disaggregated level is the dissemination block. However, there are some limitations in terms of confidentiality and data quality. You have to make a special, for-fee request to infostats and they can give you more information about what is available.