Statistics by subject – Aboriginal society and community

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  • Journals and periodicals: 89-653-X
    Description:

    The Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) is a national survey on the social and economic conditions of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit aged 6 years and over. The 2012 APS represents the fourth cycle of the survey and focuses on issues of education, employment and health.

    Release date: 2017-03-21

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2017013
    Description:

    This article uses data from the 2011 National Household Survey and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the living arrangements and socio-economic conditions of Aboriginal seniors aged 65 years and over living in private households in population centres. A population centre is an area with a population of at least 1,000 persons and no fewer than 400 persons per square kilometre.

    Release date: 2017-03-21

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2016-06-28

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2016-04-13

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114547
    Description:

    This study uses data from the National Household Survey (NHS) to examine the living arrangements of Aboriginal children aged 14 and under, and includes results about the proportion of Aboriginal children who lived with lone parents, with their grandparents, or in a stepfamily. The study also provides key statistics about Aboriginal foster children.

    Release date: 2016-04-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016010
    Description:

    This article explores the relationship between various social determinants of health and selected health outcomes for First Nations people aged 15 and older living off-reserve. Specifically, the following social determinants are explored: health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity), physical environments (housing, mobility, employment, education, income, food security), access to health resources, cultural continuity (participation in traditional activities, Aboriginal language, social support), and residential school attendance. An integrated life course and social determinants model of Aboriginal health framework is used to guide the analysis.

    Release date: 2016-04-12

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114313
    Description:

    The chapter entitled "Women in Canada: First Nations, Métis and Inuit Women" explores the diverse circumstances and experiences of Aboriginal women in Canada. Overall, the chapter highlights demographic characteristics, families, housing, knowledge of Aboriginal languages, employment, income, education, and health. Where appropriate, comparisons have been made between the Aboriginal female population and the non-Aboriginal female population as well as the Aboriginal female population and Aboriginal male population. Wherever possible, information is provided for First Nations, Métis and Inuit women separately.

    Release date: 2016-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016009
    Description:

    The health and well-being of the Inuit population falls below that of the total population in Canada (Chief Public Health Officer, 2008). Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami—the national organization of Inuit in Canada—has stated that “this health gap in many respects is a symptom of poor socio-economic conditions in Inuit communities which are characterized by high poverty rates, low levels of education, limited employment opportunities, and inadequate housing conditions” (Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, 2014). These factors are known as social determinants of health.

    This study examines the social determinants of health for Inuit aged 15 to 54 years, living in Inuit Nunangat. Data were taken from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey. Multivariate analysis was conducted using a logistic regression model, in order to test the association between the social determinants of health and the outcome of excellent or very good self-reported health.

    Release date: 2016-02-22

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2016-02-22

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2015007
    Description:

    Within the last decade, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami has identified mental wellness as the single most important health issue for Inuit (Alianait Inuit-specific Mental Wellness Task Group, 2007). Understanding the complex arrangements of circumstances, behaviours and relationships that are associated with mental health—often termed social determinants—may provide a window for policy makers in addressing mental distress among Inuit.

    Using the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study examines the social determinants of higher mental distress among Inuit aged 18 years and over, living in Inuit Nunangat. Mental distress was studied using the ten-item Kessler distress scale (K10); and multivariate analysis was conducted using a logistic regression model.

    Release date: 2015-11-17

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-11-17

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201500114175
    Description:

    This study reports on predictors of high school completion by age 18 among First Nations males and females aged 18 to 24 living off reserve, with a particular focus on extracurricular activities (participation in sports, arts and clubs). The results are based on data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS).

    Release date: 2015-05-13

  • The Daily
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2013-11-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2015015
    Description:

    Annie Turner, Analyst, presents a brief portrait of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, 2011 National Household Survey.

    Release date: 2013-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 89-638-X200900211362
    Description:

    This report examines the demographic and socio-economique characteristics of the Aboriginal population living in the census agglomeration (CA) of La Tuque, Quebec. The census agglomeration of La Tuque includes the Atikamekw d'Opitciwab (Obedjiwan) and the Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci (Coucoucache and Wemotaci). The 2006 Census and 2006 Aboriginal People Survey (APS), which provide an extensive set of data about Aboriginal people, are the data sources. Aditional charts and tables for La Tuque which exclude the two reserves are included in the appendix

    Release date: 2010-11-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201000211344
    Description:

    Previous research has shown that child care has an impact on children's social and developmental outcomes. However, little is known about child care for First Nations, Métis and Inuit children. The purpose of this study is to describe non-parental child care for First Nations children living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit children in Canada, including the cultural aspects within the care environment. In addition, the availability of culturally-relevant activities and language spoken in care were examined as predictors of children's outcomes.

    Release date: 2010-10-19

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201000211286
    Description:

    Participation in extracurricular activities, including both sports and cultural activities, can be associated with positive benefits for children. The purpose of the current study was to examine participation in sports and cultural activities for Inuit, Métis and off-reserve First Nations children aged 6 to 14 years. Socio-demographic factors including the child's basic characteristics, cultural factors and family characteristics were also examined to determine any associations with participation in sports and cultural activities.

    Release date: 2010-07-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-638-X200900211058
    Description:

    This product is a series of profiles for a number of census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and communities across Canada with a large Aboriginal population, either in numbers or share of the area's total population. The series aims to present a demographic and socio-economic profile of the total Aboriginal population living in these areas. Demographic Data as well as information on living arrangements of children, education, labour, income, mobility, housing, and health are highlighted. While most of the focus is on adults, there is also limited information provided on children. Data showing comparisons between Aboriginal groups are provided for selected variables, as are comparisons with the non-Aboriginal population. Findings are based on the 2006 Census and the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

    Release date: 2009-12-17

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-634-X
    Description:

    The Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS) provides an extensive set of data about Aboriginal (Métis, Inuit, and off-reserve First Nations) children under 6 years of age in urban, rural, and northern locations across Canada. The Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS) was designed to provide a picture of the early development of Aboriginal children and the social and living conditions in which they are learning and growing.

    The survey was developed by Statistics Canada and Aboriginal advisors from across the country and was conducted jointly with Human Resources and Social Development Canada.

    Release date: 2009-11-25

  • Articles and reports: 89-634-X2009008
    Description:

    The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a parent-reported instrument designed to provide information on children's behaviours and relationships. The SDQ consists of 25 items which are grouped into five subscales: (1) pro-social, (2) inattention-hyperactivity, (3) emotional symptoms, (4) conduct problems, and (5) peer problems. The SDQ was used to provide information on children aged 2 to 5 years in the 2006 Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS). Though validated on general populations, the constructs of the SDQ have not been validated for off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit children in Canada. The first objective of this evaluation is to examine if the five subscales of the SDQ demonstrate construct validity and reliability for off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit children. The second objective is to examine if an alternative set of subscales, using the 25 SDQ items, may be more valid and reliable for off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit children.

    Release date: 2009-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-639-X
    Description:

    Beginning in late 2006, the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada embarked on the process of review of questions used in the Census and in surveys to produce data about Aboriginal peoples (North American Indian, Métis and Inuit). This process is essential to ensure that Aboriginal identification questions are valid measures of contemporary Aboriginal identification, in all its complexity. Questions reviewed included the following (from the Census 2B questionnaire):- the Ethnic origin / Aboriginal ancestry question;- the Aboriginal identity question;- the Treaty / Registered Indian question; and- the Indian band / First Nation Membership question.

    Additional testing was conducted on Census questions with potential Aboriginal response options: the population group question (also known as visible minorities), and the Religion question. The review process to date has involved two major steps: regional discussions with data users and stakeholders, and qualitative testing. The regional discussions with over 350 users of Aboriginal data across Canada were held in early 2007 to examine the four questions used on the Census and other surveys of Statistics Canada. Data users included National Aboriginal organizations, Aboriginal Provincial and Territorial Organizations, Federal, Provincial and local governments, researchers and Aboriginal service organizations. User feedback showed that main areas of concern were data quality, undercoverage, the wording of questions, and the importance of comparability over time.

    Release date: 2009-04-17

  • Articles and reports: 89-637-X2009005
    Description:

    A series of supporting data tables accompanies the Métis analytical article from the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). These tables provide data at the provincial/regional level for the Métis identity population (aged 15 and older) for some of the major themes covered in the analytical article, including: self rated health status; percentage diagnosed with arthritis/rheumatism, high blood pressure, stomach problems or intestinal ulcers, asthma and diabetes; having a regular family doctor; not receiving health care when needed and; reasons for not completing elementary or secondary school. For Métis children aged 6 to 14, tables include: self-rated health status; frequency of participation in sports and; contact with a pediatrician, general practitioner or family physician in the past 12 months.

    Release date: 2009-03-26

  • Articles and reports: 89-637-X2009004
    Description:

    This report explores some initial findings regarding the health and well-being of Métis adults (aged 15 and over) and children (aged 6 to 14) from the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey. Information on self-rated health, physical activity level, and opinions on how Métis can improve their health are provided. Important indicators of health such as chronic conditions and healthcare utilization, and some key social determinants of health are also examined. Some comparisons are made over time (between 2001 and 2006), revealing areas of improvement and decline. In addition, some comparisons are made between Métis men and women from urban and rural areas and from different age groups. Finally, where possible, comparisons are made between Métis and the total Canadian population.

    Release date: 2009-02-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-637-X2009006
    Description:

    This is one of three fact sheets in the series using information from the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) and 2006 Census. This fact sheet provides information on the health and well-being of Métis adults (aged 15 and over) and children (aged 6 to 14).

    Release date: 2009-02-19

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