Statistics by subject – Population and demography

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All (42)

All (42) (25 of 42 results)

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114316
    Description:

    This chapter of Women in Canada examines many aspects related to senior women in Canada including their socio-demographic characteristics, life expectancy, living arrangements, social participation, Internet use, health, assistance with daily living and leading causes of death, as well as economic characteristics including their labour force participation and income. The focus will be on recent patterns, with discussion of historical trends where appropriate, including selected analysis by ethnocultural diversity and geographic region.

    Release date: 2016-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114345
    Description:

    This article analyzes the impact of immigration on the size and ethnocultural composition of future cohorts of seniors in Canada, using data from the Population Estimates Program, the Population Projections Program and other sources of demographic data.

    Release date: 2016-03-09

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201500114240
    Description:

    Canada’s population growth masks some very different trends from one region to another. Using various data sources, including Statistics Canada’s most recent projections on population and diversity, this article provides a general overview of these trends and discusses how recent demographic changes could impact the age structure, diversity and population share of the various regions of Canada over the next decades.

    Release date: 2015-10-27

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114152
    Description:

    This chapter of Women in Canada introduces selected socio-demographic and ethnocultural characteristics of the female population in Canada. Accounting for approximately half of the population, women and girls are characterized by different historical social and demographic trajectories that distinguish them from men and boys in this country. In order to effectively plan and develop programs and policy directed toward women and girls, it is necessary to understand trends pertaining to population growth and age structure, as well as the consequences of these patterns on population aging and the composition of the population, and how these might vary by sex. Among the topics to be examined in this chapter are the shares of women and girls in the total population, trends by age, including historical comparisons and some regional differences across the provinces and territories. Selected aspects of diversity within the female population will also be presented, including Aboriginal identity, immigrant status and visible minority status, as well as trends related to residential mobility, marital status, language and religion.

    Release date: 2015-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400111919
    Description:

    Over the last century, Canada experienced many social, economic, legislative, and cultural changes. As a result, the family circumstances and living arrangements of Canadians have evolved substantially. What can the census reveal about the changing diversity of children's living arrangements over time?

    Release date: 2014-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400111904
    Description:

    This study uses data from the Census of Population and 2011 General Social Survey in order to examine the conjugal histories and living arrangements for current seniors, defined as individuals aged at least 65, and "future seniors", defined as individuals aged 55 to 64.

    Release date: 2014-02-24

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201300111867
    Description:

    This article examines mortality in Canada primarily for the year 2010 and 2011 including infant mortality, the probability of dying and life expectancy for males and females.

    Release date: 2013-09-25

  • Table: 98-312-X201100311702
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The four articles linked to the families, households and marital status release and the structural type of dwelling and collectives release are entitled 'Fifty years of families in Canada,' ' Canadian households in 2011: Type and growth,' 'Living arrangements of young adults aged 20 to 29' and 'Living arrangements of seniors.'

    Release date: 2012-09-19

  • Table: 98-312-X201100311704
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The four articles linked to the families, households and marital status release and the structural type of dwelling and collectives release are entitled 'Fifty years of families in Canada,' ' Canadian households in 2011: Type and growth,' 'Living arrangements of young adults aged 20 to 29' and 'Living arrangements of seniors.'

    Release date: 2012-09-19

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311673
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311672
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311674
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311620
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311622
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311623
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201000111475
    Description:

    The Female Population chapter of Women in Canada presents the socio-demographic and ethno-cultural characteristics of women and girls living in this country. Understanding the current trends related to an aging, and an increasingly diverse female population, can help inform policy and planning. Topics examined in this chapter include the distribution of the female population across the provinces and territories and across age, and the share with an Aboriginal identity. In addition, aspects of diversity within the female population, including immigrant status and visible minority status, will be presented as well as residential mobility, language-related characteristics, and religious affiliation and religiosity. Where appropriate, trends over time will be analyzed and comparisons will be drawn with the male population in order to highlight existing similarities and differences.

    Release date: 2011-07-26

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111526
    Description:

    This article on international migration will provide an overview of the current demographic situation regarding immigration to Canada analyzed within a historical and international context, where possible. In addition, the category of admission of immigrants to Canada, primarily during the 2008 and 2009 period, with reference to preliminary 2010 data, as well as place of birth, provincial or territorial destination within Canada of immigrants, and a brief section on international adoption will be discussed.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111514
    Description:

    This article examines patterns of interprovincial migration in Canada, including overall net migration for each province and territory as well as migratiory flows between provinces and territories. Data on interprovincial migration analysed in this article for the years 2007/2008 and 2008/2009, as well as historical data from 1971/1972 are based on administrative files, specifically, income tax files, which are considered final. A brief analysis of the preliminary 2009/2010 data, derived from Canada Child Tax Benefit files, is also included.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111525
    Description:

    This section of the mortality articles, on causes of death, examines the leading causes for men and women in Canada, including changes during the past several decades, as well as current patterns by age groups.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111510
    Description:

    This article examines population growth at the subprovincial level. There was much variation in population growth at the subprovincial level between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2010 with some areas growing more rapidly than others. Higher growth in some census divisions can be attributed to one or more factors such as urban sprawl around large metropolitan areas, net intraprovincial migration as well as natural increase. The article examines the high population growth in Saskatchewan's census metropolitan areas, as well as the settlement pattern of international migrants.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111512
    Description:

    This article on the age and sex structure of the different regions of Canada, (subprovincial level) examines the indicators of median age- the age at which half the population is older and half is younger- as well as the distribution of the population at particular age groups, especially seniors aged 65 years and over and children aged 14 years and under. It also includes a section on aging in census metropolitan areas, which occurs more slowly than the rest of Canada.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111524
    Description:

    This section of the mortality articles examines mortality in Canada primarily for the year 2006 and 2007 including infant mortality, the probability of dying and life expectancy for males and females.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111511
    Description:

    This article examines the age and sex structure within Canada's provinces and territories as of July 1st, 2010. As population aging is observed, a few themes are discussed: the senior population continues to grow, the population of older working-age increases and the share of children decreases. The author also examines the provincial and territorial variations of aging within Canada.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111508
    Description:

    This article examines the estimated population count and growth for Canada, the provinces and territories as of January 1, 2011 and analyzes the demographic components that account for this growth. The total, natural and migratory population growth rates are examined from 1972 to 2010, followed by an in-depth study of the growth rate for the past year (2009 to 2010) at the provincial level and territorial level.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 89-638-X200900211362
    Description:

    This report examines the demographic and socio-economique characteristics of the Aboriginal population living in the census agglomeration (CA) of La Tuque, Quebec. The census agglomeration of La Tuque includes the Atikamekw d'Opitciwab (Obedjiwan) and the Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci (Coucoucache and Wemotaci). The 2006 Census and 2006 Aboriginal People Survey (APS), which provide an extensive set of data about Aboriginal people, are the data sources. Aditional charts and tables for La Tuque which exclude the two reserves are included in the appendix

    Release date: 2010-11-30

Data (9)

Data (9) (9 of 9 results)

  • Table: 98-312-X201100311702
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The four articles linked to the families, households and marital status release and the structural type of dwelling and collectives release are entitled 'Fifty years of families in Canada,' ' Canadian households in 2011: Type and growth,' 'Living arrangements of young adults aged 20 to 29' and 'Living arrangements of seniors.'

    Release date: 2012-09-19

  • Table: 98-312-X201100311704
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The four articles linked to the families, households and marital status release and the structural type of dwelling and collectives release are entitled 'Fifty years of families in Canada,' ' Canadian households in 2011: Type and growth,' 'Living arrangements of young adults aged 20 to 29' and 'Living arrangements of seniors.'

    Release date: 2012-09-19

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311673
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311672
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-311-X201100311674
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look to relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the age and sex release are entitled 'Centenarians in Canada,' 'Generations in Canada' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-05-29

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311620
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311622
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Table: 98-310-X201100311623
    Description:

    These short analytical articles provide complementary analysis to the 2011 Census analytical document. These articles allow for a more in-depth look at relevant topics related to the Canadian population. The three articles linked to the population and dwelling counts release are entitled 'Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061,' 'Canada's rural population since 1851' and 'The census: A tool for planning at the local level.'

    Release date: 2012-02-08

  • Table: 68-513-X19970013566
    Description:

    The use of the term intergenerational equity is increasingly prevalent in government, academia, and the media. It is a broad concept referring to the relative positions of persons in successive generations. There is no single measure of society's intergenerational equity but rather a series of indicators for specific characteristics and their relative positions over time.

    Release date: 1998-02-04

Analysis (32)

Analysis (32) (25 of 32 results)

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114316
    Description:

    This chapter of Women in Canada examines many aspects related to senior women in Canada including their socio-demographic characteristics, life expectancy, living arrangements, social participation, Internet use, health, assistance with daily living and leading causes of death, as well as economic characteristics including their labour force participation and income. The focus will be on recent patterns, with discussion of historical trends where appropriate, including selected analysis by ethnocultural diversity and geographic region.

    Release date: 2016-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114345
    Description:

    This article analyzes the impact of immigration on the size and ethnocultural composition of future cohorts of seniors in Canada, using data from the Population Estimates Program, the Population Projections Program and other sources of demographic data.

    Release date: 2016-03-09

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201500114240
    Description:

    Canada’s population growth masks some very different trends from one region to another. Using various data sources, including Statistics Canada’s most recent projections on population and diversity, this article provides a general overview of these trends and discusses how recent demographic changes could impact the age structure, diversity and population share of the various regions of Canada over the next decades.

    Release date: 2015-10-27

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114152
    Description:

    This chapter of Women in Canada introduces selected socio-demographic and ethnocultural characteristics of the female population in Canada. Accounting for approximately half of the population, women and girls are characterized by different historical social and demographic trajectories that distinguish them from men and boys in this country. In order to effectively plan and develop programs and policy directed toward women and girls, it is necessary to understand trends pertaining to population growth and age structure, as well as the consequences of these patterns on population aging and the composition of the population, and how these might vary by sex. Among the topics to be examined in this chapter are the shares of women and girls in the total population, trends by age, including historical comparisons and some regional differences across the provinces and territories. Selected aspects of diversity within the female population will also be presented, including Aboriginal identity, immigrant status and visible minority status, as well as trends related to residential mobility, marital status, language and religion.

    Release date: 2015-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400111919
    Description:

    Over the last century, Canada experienced many social, economic, legislative, and cultural changes. As a result, the family circumstances and living arrangements of Canadians have evolved substantially. What can the census reveal about the changing diversity of children's living arrangements over time?

    Release date: 2014-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400111904
    Description:

    This study uses data from the Census of Population and 2011 General Social Survey in order to examine the conjugal histories and living arrangements for current seniors, defined as individuals aged at least 65, and "future seniors", defined as individuals aged 55 to 64.

    Release date: 2014-02-24

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201300111867
    Description:

    This article examines mortality in Canada primarily for the year 2010 and 2011 including infant mortality, the probability of dying and life expectancy for males and females.

    Release date: 2013-09-25

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201000111475
    Description:

    The Female Population chapter of Women in Canada presents the socio-demographic and ethno-cultural characteristics of women and girls living in this country. Understanding the current trends related to an aging, and an increasingly diverse female population, can help inform policy and planning. Topics examined in this chapter include the distribution of the female population across the provinces and territories and across age, and the share with an Aboriginal identity. In addition, aspects of diversity within the female population, including immigrant status and visible minority status, will be presented as well as residential mobility, language-related characteristics, and religious affiliation and religiosity. Where appropriate, trends over time will be analyzed and comparisons will be drawn with the male population in order to highlight existing similarities and differences.

    Release date: 2011-07-26

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111526
    Description:

    This article on international migration will provide an overview of the current demographic situation regarding immigration to Canada analyzed within a historical and international context, where possible. In addition, the category of admission of immigrants to Canada, primarily during the 2008 and 2009 period, with reference to preliminary 2010 data, as well as place of birth, provincial or territorial destination within Canada of immigrants, and a brief section on international adoption will be discussed.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111514
    Description:

    This article examines patterns of interprovincial migration in Canada, including overall net migration for each province and territory as well as migratiory flows between provinces and territories. Data on interprovincial migration analysed in this article for the years 2007/2008 and 2008/2009, as well as historical data from 1971/1972 are based on administrative files, specifically, income tax files, which are considered final. A brief analysis of the preliminary 2009/2010 data, derived from Canada Child Tax Benefit files, is also included.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111525
    Description:

    This section of the mortality articles, on causes of death, examines the leading causes for men and women in Canada, including changes during the past several decades, as well as current patterns by age groups.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111510
    Description:

    This article examines population growth at the subprovincial level. There was much variation in population growth at the subprovincial level between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2010 with some areas growing more rapidly than others. Higher growth in some census divisions can be attributed to one or more factors such as urban sprawl around large metropolitan areas, net intraprovincial migration as well as natural increase. The article examines the high population growth in Saskatchewan's census metropolitan areas, as well as the settlement pattern of international migrants.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111512
    Description:

    This article on the age and sex structure of the different regions of Canada, (subprovincial level) examines the indicators of median age- the age at which half the population is older and half is younger- as well as the distribution of the population at particular age groups, especially seniors aged 65 years and over and children aged 14 years and under. It also includes a section on aging in census metropolitan areas, which occurs more slowly than the rest of Canada.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111524
    Description:

    This section of the mortality articles examines mortality in Canada primarily for the year 2006 and 2007 including infant mortality, the probability of dying and life expectancy for males and females.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111511
    Description:

    This article examines the age and sex structure within Canada's provinces and territories as of July 1st, 2010. As population aging is observed, a few themes are discussed: the senior population continues to grow, the population of older working-age increases and the share of children decreases. The author also examines the provincial and territorial variations of aging within Canada.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X201100111508
    Description:

    This article examines the estimated population count and growth for Canada, the provinces and territories as of January 1, 2011 and analyzes the demographic components that account for this growth. The total, natural and migratory population growth rates are examined from 1972 to 2010, followed by an in-depth study of the growth rate for the past year (2009 to 2010) at the provincial level and territorial level.

    Release date: 2011-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 89-638-X200900211362
    Description:

    This report examines the demographic and socio-economique characteristics of the Aboriginal population living in the census agglomeration (CA) of La Tuque, Quebec. The census agglomeration of La Tuque includes the Atikamekw d'Opitciwab (Obedjiwan) and the Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci (Coucoucache and Wemotaci). The 2006 Census and 2006 Aboriginal People Survey (APS), which provide an extensive set of data about Aboriginal people, are the data sources. Aditional charts and tables for La Tuque which exclude the two reserves are included in the appendix

    Release date: 2010-11-30

  • Articles and reports: 89-638-X201000411083
    Description:

    This product is a series of profiles for a number of census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and communities across Canada with a large Aboriginal population, either in numbers or share of the area's total population. The series aims to present a demographic and socio-economic profile of the total Aboriginal population living in these areas. Demographic Data as well as information on living arrangements of children, education, labour, income, mobility, housing, and health are highlighted. While most of the focus is on adults, there is also limited information provided on children. Data showing comparisons between Aboriginal groups are provided for selected variables, as are comparisons with the non-Aboriginal population. Findings are based on the 2006 Census and the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

    Release date: 2010-03-24

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X200800110517
    Description:

    Canada is also a player on the world stage as a source country of migrants. Whether Canadian migration abroad is temporary or permanent, long term or short term, far or near, Canadians are making their mark in other countries. This article, although not a complete accounting of Canadians living abroad, shows that Canadian out-migration is just as selective as in-migration.

    Release date: 2008-03-13

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X200601010356
    Description:

    This article examines differences in birth outcomes by neighbourhood income and recent immigration for singleton live births in Toronto. The birth data were extracted from hospital discharge abstracts compiled by the Canadian Institute for Health Information.

    Release date: 2007-11-13

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X20030009189
    Description:

    The purpose of this article is firstly to describe the importance of the immigration from the Balkan region and to answer the following question: do immigrants from the Balkans form a population that differs in socioeconomic terms from other immigrants and the host population? An analysis of the flows of newcomers to Canada show that the number of immigrants from the Balkan region has increased rapidly from 1993-1994 due to a large increase in the number of refugees coming from the countries that emerged from the former Yugoslavia. From 1994 to 2000, an important proportion of refugees admitted to Canada came from the Balkan region. In the 2001 Census, some 220 000 immigrants from the Balkans were enumerated. Results also show that, overall, immigrants from the Balkan region are different from the others immigrants in Canada and from the Canadian population: they are more concentrated geographically and their likehood of having an university degree is higher.

    Release date: 2006-06-30

  • Articles and reports: 82-005-X20060019097
    Description:

    This newsletter article presents estimates of the population health impact of cancer in Canada, based on cancer incidence and mortality in 2001. Cancer has a substantial impact in terms of both mortality and morbidity, and a considerable amount of this impact is attributable to modifiable risk factors. These results provide a more comprehensive picture of how cancer affects the Canadian population. This is part of the Population Health Impact of Disease in Canada (PHI) research program.

    Release date: 2006-03-07

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20040047776
    Description:

    The years leading up to retirement may confront people with new challenges as well as opportunities. In addition to health, finances and several other factors, family relationships in general and satisfaction with marriage in particular greatly influence couples' experience of these years.

    This article uses data from the 2001 and 1995 General Social Surveys (GSS) to examine older couples' (aged 50 to 74 years) perceptions of their relationship during retirement or the years leading to retirement. Specifically, the analysis looks at couples' employment or retirement status, each individual's relative contribution to household income and the presence of adult children in the home as they relate to the quality of their relationship.

    Release date: 2005-03-08

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20040016883
    Description:

    This article looks at rural and urban adult migrants, the distance they move and changes in their economic circumstances before and after moving.

    Release date: 2004-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X20020009228
    Description:

    This study identifies determinants that promote dependence-free aging, an important topic as the large cohorts of baby-boomers grow older.

    Release date: 2003-12-22

Reference (1)

Reference (1) (1 result)

  • Technical products: 11F0024M20040007452
    Description:

    The report examines income and low income in census metropolitan areas between 1980 and 2000. It examines the situation of families and the neighbourhoods they live in. It also examines the situation of recent immigrants, Aboriginal people and lone-parent family members.

    Median pre-tax income rose in virtually all Canadian census metropolitan areas (CMAs) over the 1980 to 2000 period. Incomes increased at both the top and bottom of the income distribution, but tended to rise faster at the top. In nearly all cities, income increased faster in the higher income neighbourhoods - measured at the census tract (CT) level - than it did in lower income neighbourhoods. The incidence of low income was at similar levels in 1980 and 2000, but the demographic composition of low income changed, reflecting rising low-income rates among some 'at-risk' groups, as well as demographic changes in the CMA. By 2000, recent immigrants comprised more of the low-income population, and a greater share of the residents in low-income neighbourhoods than they did in 1980. Recent immigrants had much higher low-income rates in 2000 than in 1980. In 2000, Aboriginal people and people in single-parent families had much higher low-income rates than others and were over-represented in low-income neighbourhoods. The share of income that low-income families received from government transfers rose over the period. The location of low-income neighbourhoods changed in some CMAs, reflecting a decline in low-income neighbourhoods in the city centre and a rise in low-income neighbourhoods in more suburban areas.

    The report examines before-tax income in CMAs using the 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses of Canada.

    Release date: 2004-11-25

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