Statistics by subject – Science and technology

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  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006012
    Description:

    This document presents the geographical distribution of federal government expenditures and staff for the fiscal year 2004/2005.

    Release date: 2006-12-22

  • Table: 88-001-X20060099563
    Description:

    This service bulletin presents the geographic distribution of federal government science and technology expenditures. Data on federal government expenditures on science and technology are found in Volume 30, No. 6 of this publication series, released in September 2006. Science and technology (S&T) expenditures are the sum of expenditures on research and development (R&D) and on related scientific activities (RSA).

    Release date: 2006-12-15

  • Table: 88-001-X20060089562
    Description:

    This service bulletin presents the nature of research and development distribution of current intramural research and development expenditures by Canadian firms for the years 2000 to 2004.

    Release date: 2006-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039530
    Description:

    Held in Ottawa, Canada, in September 2006, the Blue Sky II Forum examined new areas for indicator development and set a broad agenda for future work on science, technology and innovation (STI) indicators. Emphasis was placed on indicators of outcomes and impacts in order to support monitoring, benchmarking, foresight, and evaluation activities, applied to policies and programs, and their economic and social impacts. As expected the Forum provided ideas and guidance for indicators work in both OECD-member and non-member countries as well as for other international organizations.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039539
    Description:

    A program of facilitated access to micro-data is now in place, whereby external researchers are sworn in as 'deemed employees' of Statistics Canada and enter into a contractual arrangement with the department to conduct approved research projects.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039534
    Description:

    Bioproducts play an important role in the search for solutions to declining reserves of oil, increasing costs of oil extraction, increasing oil prices and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration. They also offer opportunities for rural economic development and diversification for farmers. This article summarizes ongoing work towards improving our understanding of the bioproduct concepts and their definitions.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039537
    Description:

    This article describes a pilot study conducted on companies who were clients of the NRC-IRAP British Columbia Region between 1987 and 1998. Growth indicators were produced for the period 1998 to 2002. Findings will enable NRC-IRAP to engage in evidence-based assessment of their disbursement of public funds, report on the effectiveness of the program, and make decisions regarding program amendment in light of measured outcomes.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039538
    Description:

    Results from the Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals Survey 2005 indicate that there were 389 firms in Canada engaged in activities related to either functional foods, nutraceuticals or both during 2004/05. This article provides highlights of a group of firms which generates $29 billion in revenues and employs over 50,000 persons.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039532
    Description:

    Data from the Research and Development in Canadian Industry Survey reveal that between 1994 and 2002 - 31,190 enterprises undertook research and development (R&D) activities for at least one year. However, only 5% (1,699) can be considered persistent R&D performers, appearing on the R&D in Canadian Industry database for nine years. It appears that the size of the R&D expenditure groups that firms belong to influences their level of persistence in R&D performance. This article investigates that premise.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039531
    Description:

    Canadian universities and affiliated research hospitals have made great strides in commercializing inventions. Since 1998 Statistics Canada has conducted the Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector to track progress in this area. This article highlights some of the changes between 2003 and 2004, as well as presenting the 2004 regional results.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2006050
    Description:

    This study highlights research and development (R&D) efforts made by Canadian firms from 1993 to 2003 in new energy technologies. By focusing on alternative energy R&D, it provides a first look at business spending in developing the technologies that will permit cleaner and renewable energy sources in the future.

    Release date: 2006-11-30

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006011
    Description:

    Universities and their affiliated research hospitals make an important contribution to innovation in Canada's economy. Besides generating new knowledge and training highly qualified graduates, some of the technology they produce is patented and licensed to companies for incorporation into commercial products. This is the fifth survey of intellectual property commercialization in the higher education sector.

    Release date: 2006-10-04

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006010
    Description:

    It is well-known that small firms are managed differently from large firms, and this paper provides further evidence in support of this idea while suggesting that some small firms are adopting management behaviours of larger firms. Could these small firms be positioning themselves for growth or using organisational innovation as a tool for survival or adopting some formal organization practices early? In 2004, the Survey of Electronic Commerce and Technology provided a list of eight management practices that according to interviews with small and medium-sized firms indicated potential firm growth. The management practices listed were organisational structures; employee feedback surveys; mentoring or coaching programs; and written strategies for marketing; managing growth; commercialisation of intellectual property; succession management; and risk management.

    Release date: 2006-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2006013
    Description:

    This paper summarizes the findings of a research program aimed at outlining the importance to the firm growth process of competencies that arise from investments in intangible assets. The program has consisted of two parts. First, longitudinal databases have provided a rich set of studies on entry, exit, mergers and other aspects of dynamics related to growth and decline in firm populations. These studies have shown the pervasiveness of growth and decline in the firm population. By themselves, these studies do not demonstrate what strategies differentiate the most successful from the least successful. To do so, we have built a set of firm surveys that allowed profiles to be developed of the type of competencies that stem from investments in organizational capital. In turn, these are linked to administrative data that allow us to classify firms as either growing or declining. We then asked how differences in competencies were related to the performance of firms.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006009
    Description:

    This publication presents the National GERD from 1995 to 2006p as well as the Provincial GERD from 1995 to 2004. Up until 1985, GERD included R&D expenditures in the Natural Sciences and Engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1993, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1993, may be obtained from the Science and Technology Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Table: 88-001-X20060079289
    Description:

    Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) represents total research and development (R&D) expenditures performed in a country's national territory during a given year. GERD includes R&D performed within a country and funded from abroad but excludes payments sent abroad for R&D performed in other countries.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Table: 88-001-X20060069288
    Description:

    This bulletin presents recent information on the performance and funding of Federal government expenditures on scientific activities, 2006/2007. The statistics presented are derived from the survey of science and technology (S&T) activities of federal departments and agencies. The data in this publication are consistent with expenditures of departments and agencies as reported in the Main Estimates 2006/2007, but do not reflect changes to 2006/2007 spending plans which may result from supplementary estimates or other departmental planning decisions.

    Release date: 2006-09-07

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006008
    Description:

    Statistics Canada publishes information on industrial research and development (R&D) performers that includes the number of such firms and their total R&D expenditures. What has not been done to date is to look at R&D performers over time. This paper looks at R&D performance between 1994 and 2002 in three ways; first it looks at all firms that performed R&D at any point; the second section looks at R&D performing firms by R&D expenditure group for each year; and, the third section of the study follows firms that began to perform R&D and documents their R&D performance through time.

    Release date: 2006-08-18

  • Table: 88-001-X20060059284
    Description:

    The higher education sector is composed of "all universities, colleges of technology and other institutes of postsecondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of, or administered by, or associated with higher education establishments.

    Release date: 2006-08-17

  • Table: 88-001-X20060049283
    Description:

    This service bulletin contains historical and current data on research and development (R&D) expenditures and personnel in Canada, by industry. In Canada, the industrial or business enterprise sector is the largest R&D performer.

    Release date: 2006-08-14

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006005
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to measure the scientific effort devoted to (R&D) on advanced materials.

    This study has been conducted using data from the Statistics Canada survey entitled Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI).

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006006
    Description:

    This paper conceptualizes business incubation and translates theoretical ideas into measurable metrics. Specifically, it explains and develops the concept, discusses the influence of major economic and technological events on its evolution, identifies different models and explains how business incubators create value. It then explains how these concepts have been implemented in Statistics Canada's first survey of business incubators.

    Release date: 2006-07-24

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006007
    Description:

    This paper highlights business incubators in Canada. A business incubator is a business unit that specializes in providing space, services, advice and support designed to assist new and growing businesses to become established and profitable. The survey covered information on business incubator affiliation; infrastructure; sources of funding; policies; clients and activities; services; impact; management; and barriers

    Release date: 2006-07-24

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006004
    Description:

    The information in this document is intended primarily to be used by scientific and technological (S&T) policy makers, both federal and provincial, largely as a basis for inter-provincial and inter-sectoral comparisons. The statistics are aggregates of the provincial government and provincial research organization science surveys conducted by Statistics Canada under contract with the provinces, and cover the period 1996/1997 to 2004/2005.

    Release date: 2006-07-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2006040
    Description:

    The paper outlines key conceptual and operational issues involved in capitalizing R&D expenditures in the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA), shows statistical estimates by industry for reference year 2000, and assesses the impact of capitalization on main CSNA aggregates.

    Release date: 2006-06-29

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Analysis (29) (25 of 29 results)

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039530
    Description:

    Held in Ottawa, Canada, in September 2006, the Blue Sky II Forum examined new areas for indicator development and set a broad agenda for future work on science, technology and innovation (STI) indicators. Emphasis was placed on indicators of outcomes and impacts in order to support monitoring, benchmarking, foresight, and evaluation activities, applied to policies and programs, and their economic and social impacts. As expected the Forum provided ideas and guidance for indicators work in both OECD-member and non-member countries as well as for other international organizations.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039539
    Description:

    A program of facilitated access to micro-data is now in place, whereby external researchers are sworn in as 'deemed employees' of Statistics Canada and enter into a contractual arrangement with the department to conduct approved research projects.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039534
    Description:

    Bioproducts play an important role in the search for solutions to declining reserves of oil, increasing costs of oil extraction, increasing oil prices and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration. They also offer opportunities for rural economic development and diversification for farmers. This article summarizes ongoing work towards improving our understanding of the bioproduct concepts and their definitions.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039537
    Description:

    This article describes a pilot study conducted on companies who were clients of the NRC-IRAP British Columbia Region between 1987 and 1998. Growth indicators were produced for the period 1998 to 2002. Findings will enable NRC-IRAP to engage in evidence-based assessment of their disbursement of public funds, report on the effectiveness of the program, and make decisions regarding program amendment in light of measured outcomes.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039538
    Description:

    Results from the Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals Survey 2005 indicate that there were 389 firms in Canada engaged in activities related to either functional foods, nutraceuticals or both during 2004/05. This article provides highlights of a group of firms which generates $29 billion in revenues and employs over 50,000 persons.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039532
    Description:

    Data from the Research and Development in Canadian Industry Survey reveal that between 1994 and 2002 - 31,190 enterprises undertook research and development (R&D) activities for at least one year. However, only 5% (1,699) can be considered persistent R&D performers, appearing on the R&D in Canadian Industry database for nine years. It appears that the size of the R&D expenditure groups that firms belong to influences their level of persistence in R&D performance. This article investigates that premise.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039531
    Description:

    Canadian universities and affiliated research hospitals have made great strides in commercializing inventions. Since 1998 Statistics Canada has conducted the Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector to track progress in this area. This article highlights some of the changes between 2003 and 2004, as well as presenting the 2004 regional results.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2006050
    Description:

    This study highlights research and development (R&D) efforts made by Canadian firms from 1993 to 2003 in new energy technologies. By focusing on alternative energy R&D, it provides a first look at business spending in developing the technologies that will permit cleaner and renewable energy sources in the future.

    Release date: 2006-11-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2006013
    Description:

    This paper summarizes the findings of a research program aimed at outlining the importance to the firm growth process of competencies that arise from investments in intangible assets. The program has consisted of two parts. First, longitudinal databases have provided a rich set of studies on entry, exit, mergers and other aspects of dynamics related to growth and decline in firm populations. These studies have shown the pervasiveness of growth and decline in the firm population. By themselves, these studies do not demonstrate what strategies differentiate the most successful from the least successful. To do so, we have built a set of firm surveys that allowed profiles to be developed of the type of competencies that stem from investments in organizational capital. In turn, these are linked to administrative data that allow us to classify firms as either growing or declining. We then asked how differences in competencies were related to the performance of firms.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2006040
    Description:

    The paper outlines key conceptual and operational issues involved in capitalizing R&D expenditures in the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA), shows statistical estimates by industry for reference year 2000, and assesses the impact of capitalization on main CSNA aggregates.

    Release date: 2006-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029242
    Description:

    There is a growing supply of scientists and engineers with doctorates in the natural and applied sciences occupation but, on the other hand, there is a potential for future shortages of university professors concludes a forthcoming Statistics Canada study entitled Where are the Scientists & Engineers? One reason for the lower replacement numbers for university professors is that PhDs may be turning away from educational services towards higher paying industries for employment.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029246
    Description:

    While firms engaged in R&D services are part of the population of firms covered by the Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI) survey and the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey (BUDS), this industry group is not covered by a typical industry survey. This means that there are no industry-specific figures for contribution to GDP or other typical measures of industrial activities and finances. However, data for the industry group are available from the Survey of Innovation 2003, along with other selected professional services. Data from that survey indicate that the establishments in R&D services in physical, engineering and life sciences may be part of a select and highly atypical group of firms and are discussed in this article.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029244
    Description:

    Research and development (R&D) is a crucial activity in the innovation process. Firms that do not engage in this activity, seriously jeopardize their competitiveness and their creativity in relation to competitors (Griliches, 2000; Belderbos et al. 2004). This article discusses acquisitions strategies of research and development services.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029243
    Description:

    Innovative firms cite industry associations as important sources of ideas more frequently than they cite federal government research laboratories or universities according to data from Statistics Canada's 2003 Innovation Survey. We need a better understanding of the contributions and impact of nonprofit innovation enablers such as industry associations, and to achieve that we need to overcome obstacles to identifying them and their contributions in the data. Without this understanding, policy makers may overlook an important class of actual and potential innovation enablers.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029240
    Description:

    This article summarizes the Canadian experience in collecting and accessing information on government expenditure (both federal and provincial) on nanotechnology R&D in Canada. The steps taken to measure activities in the private sector on nanotechnology illustrate the many challenges facing measurement of nanotechnology activities.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029239
    Description:

    Since the launch of cellular services in the mid-1980s, mobile phones have largely been a complement to the traditional phone line but that is beginning to change. Recent statistics show that more and more of those making plans for the evening have not only chosen to stay connected wherever they happen to be, they have also chosen to make their cell phone their only means of communication.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029238
    Description:

    In Canada, two-in three new businesses do not survive to their fifth year. Business incubators provide space, advice and other support designed to assist new and growing businesses to become established and profitable. There are at least 78 operating business incubators in Canada and their funding totals almost $40 million which are discussed in this article.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029234
    Description:

    New licenses and patents issued reached all-time highs in federal departments and agencies in 2003/2004 and 2004/2005. Invention disclosures and patent applications showed moderate declines from previous years. This article discusses how much of the technology developed at federal government labs is viable commercially.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029245
    Description:

    We are often asked what we have learned from working with clients, exchanging ideas with counterparts in other countries, in talking to our respondents and conducting surveys. This is the first of what we hope is an annual article highlighting in more detail some of the insights we have gained from our work.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2006012
    Description:

    In recent years, cities have become increasingly interested in their ability to generate, attract and retain human capital. One measure of human capital is employment in science- and engineering-based occupations. This paper provides a comparison of the employment shares of these specialized occupations across Canadian and U.S. cities by using data from the Canadian and the U.S. censuses from 1980-1981 and 2000-2001. The paper, therefore, provides a perspective on how Canadian cities performed relative to their U.S. counterparts over a twenty-year period. It also seeks to evaluate how cities of different sizes have performed, because large cities may be advantaged over smaller cities in terms of factors influencing both the demand for, and supply of, scientists and engineers.

    Release date: 2006-05-11

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2006011
    Description:

    This paper compares the size and composition of science and engineering employment in Canada and the United States. It examines the share of paid employment and paid earnings accounted for by the science and engineering workforce in both countries. Our tabulations distinguish between a core group and a related group of science and engineering workers. The core group includes computer and information scientists, life and related scientists, physical and related scientists, social and related scientists, and engineers. The related group includes workers in health-related occupations, science and engineering managers, science and engineering technologists and technicians, a residual class of other science and engineering workers, and post-secondary educators in science and engineering fields. We examine the employment and earnings shares of science and engineering workers over the 1980/1981 to 2000/2001 period. Detailed industry comparisons are reported for 2000/2001.

    Release date: 2006-05-04

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060019101
    Description:

    In the current environment, economic activities undertaken by enterprises extend beyond national borders. As a result, national and international statistical offices are faced with new challenges for the accurate measurement of these activities. These challenges call for increased statistical standardization together with greater international co-operation. The Multinational Enterprise Project (MNE) arose from a presentation made by Statistics Canada during the session on globalization at the June 2003 Conference of European Statisticians in Geneva. This article highlights results and recommendations of the first phase of the project.

    Release date: 2006-02-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060019106
    Description:

    In September, 2006, Statistics Canada will be hosting the Blue Sky II 2006 Forum. This forum will examine new areas for indicator development and set a broad agenda for future work on science, technology and innovation (STI) indicators. The Forum will emphasise indicators of outcomes and impacts that support monitoring, benchmarking, foresight activity, and evaluation, applied to policies and programs, and their economic and social impacts.

    Release date: 2006-02-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060019105
    Description:

    While it may seem like a question that doesn't need asking in some circles, we don't always have all the reasons in a handy list. Furthermore, the longer-term outcomes are more difficult to attribute to any specific activity. While Statistics Canada's framework of Science and Technology Activities and Impacts has guided us for the past seven years, we have agreed that it is time to improve our understanding of the impacts and outcomes.

    Release date: 2006-02-27

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060019100
    Description:

    In the January 2002 issue, we reviewed the many new findings reported in the previous four years of the Innovation Analysis Bulletin. This article continues that tradition. We again discuss the insights that would not have been possible without the continued efforts of Statistics Canada's Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division with its Director, Dr. Fred Gault.

    Release date: 2006-02-27

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