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Friday, December 2, 2005

Labour Force Survey

November 2005

Spurred by full-time gains, employment increased by 31,000 in November. This brings gains over the last 12 months to 250,000 (+1.6%). The unemployment rate fell 0.2 percentage points to 6.4% in November, the lowest rate in over three decades.

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Average hourly wages were 3.9% higher in November than 12 months ago, well above the 2.6% year-over-year increase in October's Consumer Price Index. Alberta saw the largest rise in average hourly wages with an increase of 6.7% from a year ago.


Upcoming revisions to the Labour Force Survey

On Wednesday, January 25, 2006, there will be a revision affecting all Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates from January 1987 to December 2005.

There are three reasons for this revision. First, the revision will enable the use of improved population benchmarks in the LFS estimation process. These improved benchmarks will provide better information on the number of non-permanent residents. Second, there will be changes to the data for the public and private sectors from 1987 to 1999. Currently, the data on the public and private sectors for this period are based on an old definition of the public sector. The revised data will better reflect the current public sector definition, and therefore result in a longer time series for analysis.

Finally, the geographic coding of several small Census Agglomerations (CA) has been updated historically from 1996 urban centre boundaries to 2001 CA boundaries. This affects data from January 1987 to December 2004.

It is important to note that the changes to almost all estimates will be very minor, with the exception of the public sector series and some associated industries from 1987 to 1999. Rates of unemployment, employment and participation are essentially unchanged, as are all key labour market trends.

During the revision, CANSIM data for the LFS will be off-line from January 16 to January 24, 2006. To facilitate data users' access to the revised data, LFS data on CANSIM will be free from January 25 to February 10, 2006.

Special tabulations produced through the Client Services unit at the Labour Force Survey will be revised free of charge.

For more information, contact Client Services (613-951-4090; 1-866-873-8788; labour@statcan.gc.ca).


With all of the year-over-year increase in employment coming from full time, the total actual hours worked in the economy were up 2.0% in the last 12 months.

Unemployment rate for women hits 30-year low

In November, the unemployment rate for adult women (aged 25 and over) fell by 0.4 percentage points to 5.2%, their lowest rate in the last 30 years. A small increase in employment and a drop in the number of adult women in the labour force contributed to the decline in their unemployment rate.

Among adult women, full-time work increased by 36,000 in November, while part time declined by 24,000. In the past 12 months, the number of full-time jobs for women has increased by 3.1%, while part time has declined by 3.5%.

The youth unemployment rate declined in November, falling to 11.4% from 12.1% in October. Despite the lower unemployment rate, employment growth for youths has been lackluster, increasing by a very moderate 0.8% in the past 12 months. Over this same period, the participation rate among youths has declined by 1.3 percentage points to 65.7% in November.

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More jobs in construction

Employment growth in November was led by a gain of 24,000 in construction, primarily in Ontario and British Columbia. Business, building and other support services also added jobs in November, employing 12,000 additional workers. In the past year, employment has grown by 7.2% (+71,000) in construction and by 6.7% (+43,000) in the business, building and other support services industry.

Accommodation and food services also made strong employment gains in November (+23,000), primarily in full-service restaurants. Even with this increase, employment growth in the industry has been weak over the past year, rising by 1.0% or 10,000.

In educational services, employment increased by 12,000 in November, mostly in primary and secondary education. This brings gains over the past 12 months to 8.2% (+86,000), the fastest employment growth rate of all industries. Much of the added employment in education has been in Ontario and Quebec.

In November, employment declined by 17,000 in the health care and social assistance industry. While employment in health care facilities remained higher than a year ago, there were fewer people working in social assistance and nursing homes, leaving employment in the industry unchanged from a year ago.

Employment declined by 15,000 in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing in November, primarily in Quebec. Nevertheless, employment in the industry remained virtually unchanged from 12 months ago.

In November, employment in the natural resources industry dropped by 11,000. However, the number of people working in natural resources has increased by 4.9% (+14,000) in the past year, driven by gains in Alberta.

Employment continues to rise in British Columbia

In November, employment increased by 18,000 in British Columbia, bringing the unemployment rate down to 4.9%, the lowest rate in over three decades. Jobs were added in a number of industries. Since November of last year, employment in the province has grown by 4.3% (+90,000), the highest growth rate of all the provinces.

Employment in New Brunswick increased by 5,000 in November, all full time. At the same time, the number of people who were looking for work fell, pushing the unemployment rate in the province down 1.5 percentage points to 9.5%.

Employment rose by 3,000 in Newfoundland and Labrador, leaving employment in the province 2.6% above the level of November 2004. The increase this November was driven by a jump in manufacturing.

In November, employment rose by 3,000 in Manitoba, causing the province's unemployment rate to edge down 0.2 percentage points to 4.2%, the lowest since April 1976.

A gain of 21,000 full-time jobs in Alberta was offset by a similar decline in part time, leaving overall employment unchanged in November. Full-time employment in the province has increased by 55,000 (+3.8%) in the past 12 months while part-time employment has declined by 27,000 (-8.3%). In November, employment in the natural resources industry fell but was still 6.2% above the level of a year ago. Employment also increased in accommodation and food services in November. However, 16,000 (-12.8%) fewer Albertans were working in the industry compared to a year earlier.

In Ontario, the unemployment rate edged down 0.3 percentage points to 6.1% in November, as fewer people were looking for work. Although unchanged in November, in the past year, employment in the province has grown at a moderate rate of 1.6% (+101,000). Over the past year, employment growth in the province has been particularly strong in both educational services (+53,000) and construction (+40,000).

Despite little change in employment in Quebec, the unemployment rate fell by 0.3 percentage points to 8.0% in November. Declines in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing and health care and social assistance were offset by increases in other services and information, culture and recreation.

Employment was little changed in the other provinces.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042, 282-0047 to 282-0064, 282-0069 to 282-0096 and 282-0098.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

Available at 7:00 a.m. on our Web site. From the home page, choose Today's news releases from The Daily, then Latest Labour Force Survey.

A more detailed summary, Labour Force Information, is available today for the week ending November 12 (71-001-XIE, $9/$84). LAN and bulk prices are available on request.

Data tables are also available in the Canadian Statistics module of our Web site.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on Friday, January 6.

For general information or to order data, contact Client Services (1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750), Danielle Zietsma (613-951-4243), Labour Statistics Division.

Employment by industry (based on NAICS) and class of worker for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  October 2005 November 2005 October to November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005 October to November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005
  seasonally adjusted
  '000 %
All industries 16,267.1 16,297.7 30.6 249.7 0.2 1.6
Goods-producing sector 4,007.2 4,013.4 6.2 5.6 0.2 0.1
Agriculture 352.6 342.9 -9.7 25.8 -2.8 8.1
Forestry, fishing, mining, oil and gas 317.0 306.5 -10.5 14.4 -3.3 4.9
Utilities 125.1 120.7 -4.4 -6.0 -3.5 -4.7
Construction 1,037.0 1,061.1 24.1 71.3 2.3 7.2
Manufacturing 2,175.5 2,182.3 6.8 -99.7 0.3 -4.4
Services-producing sector 12,259.9 12,284.3 24.4 244.0 0.2 2.0
Trade 2,599.9 2,607.0 7.1 71.3 0.3 2.8
Transportation and warehousing 807.4 810.7 3.3 18.1 0.4 2.3
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 996.8 981.8 -15.0 -2.5 -1.5 -0.3
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,066.6 1,057.0 -9.6 39.5 -0.9 3.9
Business, building and other support services 662.0 674.0 12.0 42.5 1.8 6.7
Educational services 1,127.9 1,139.7 11.8 86.3 1.0 8.2
Health care and social assistance 1,751.4 1,734.3 -17.1 -7.0 -1.0 -0.4
Information, culture and recreation 734.4 739.2 4.8 2.2 0.7 0.3
Accommodation and food services 993.8 1,017.0 23.2 9.8 2.3 1.0
Other services 694.0 699.7 5.7 -4.0 0.8 -0.6
Public administration 825.8 824.0 -1.8 -12.1 -0.2 -1.4
Class of worker            
Public sector employees 3,119.2 3,125.1 5.9 34.4 0.2 1.1
Private sector 13,147.9 13,172.6 24.7 215.3 0.2 1.7
Private employees 10,608.0 10,634.2 26.2 145.4 0.2 1.4
Self-employed 2,539.9 2,538.4 -1.5 69.9 -0.1 2.8
Note:Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Employment by type of work, age and sex, seasonally adjusted
  November 2005 October to November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005 November 2005 October to November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005 November 2005 October to November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005
  seasonally adjusted
  Both sexes Men Women
  '000
Employment 16,297.7 30.6 249.7 8,660.8 4.3 117.4 7,636.9 26.3 132.3
Full-time 13,325.3 50.2 247.6 7,716.3 12.1 96.4 5,609.0 38.1 151.2
Part-time 2,972.4 -19.6 2.1 944.5 -7.8 21.0 2,027.9 -11.8 -18.9
15-24 2,502.8 11.0 19.6 1,257.1 -3.2 -12.7 1,245.7 14.2 32.3
25 and over 13,794.9 19.6 230.0 7,403.7 7.6 130.1 6,391.2 12.0 99.9
25-54 11,547.2 25.5 132.5 6,100.3 9.6 70.5 5,447.0 16.1 62.1
55 and over 2,247.7 -6.0 97.5 1,303.4 -2.0 59.6 944.3 -3.9 37.9
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Labour force characteristics for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  October 2005 November 2005 October to November 2005 October 2005 November 2005 October to November 2005
  seasonally adjusted
  Labour force Participation rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 17,423.1 17,403.4 -0.1 67.2 67.0 -0.2
Newfoundland and Labrador 253.3 255.9 1.0 59.0 59.6 0.6
Prince Edward Island 76.6 76.6 0.0 68.5 68.5 0.0
Nova Scotia 486.3 482.4 -0.8 63.8 63.3 -0.5
New Brunswick 390.0 388.2 -0.5 63.8 63.5 -0.3
Quebec 4,083.5 4,069.7 -0.3 65.8 65.5 -0.3
Ontario 6,887.1 6,864.0 -0.3 68.0 67.7 -0.3
Manitoba 607.3 608.6 0.2 68.2 68.4 0.2
Saskatchewan 505.0 507.0 0.4 67.4 67.7 0.3
Alberta 1,869.2 1,872.0 0.1 72.6 72.5 -0.1
British Columbia 2,264.6 2,278.9 0.6 65.3 65.6 0.3
  Employment Employment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 16,267.1 16,297.7 0.2 62.7 62.8 0.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 214.8 217.6 1.3 50.0 50.7 0.7
Prince Edward Island 68.1 68.5 0.6 60.9 61.2 0.3
Nova Scotia 445.2 442.8 -0.5 58.4 58.1 -0.3
New Brunswick 347.0 351.5 1.3 56.8 57.5 0.7
Quebec 3,743.9 3,745.1 0.0 60.3 60.3 0.0
Ontario 6,445.6 6,447.0 0.0 63.6 63.6 0.0
Manitoba 580.3 583.4 0.5 65.2 65.5 0.3
Saskatchewan 478.5 480.3 0.4 63.9 64.2 0.3
Alberta 1,794.9 1,795.1 0.0 69.7 69.6 -0.1
British Columbia 2,148.9 2,166.5 0.8 62.0 62.4 0.4
  Unemployment Unemployment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 1,155.9 1,105.7 -4.3 6.6 6.4 -0.2
Newfoundland and Labrador 38.5 38.3 -0.5 15.2 15.0 -0.2
Prince Edward Island 8.5 8.1 -4.7 11.1 10.6 -0.5
Nova Scotia 41.2 39.6 -3.9 8.5 8.2 -0.3
New Brunswick 43.0 36.7 -14.7 11.0 9.5 -1.5
Quebec 339.7 324.6 -4.4 8.3 8.0 -0.3
Ontario 441.5 417.1 -5.5 6.4 6.1 -0.3
Manitoba 27.0 25.3 -6.3 4.4 4.2 -0.2
Saskatchewan 26.5 26.6 0.4 5.2 5.2 0.0
Alberta 74.4 76.9 3.4 4.0 4.1 0.1
British Columbia 115.7 112.4 -2.9 5.1 4.9 -0.2
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Labour force characteristics for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  November 2004 November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005 November 2004 November 2005 November 2004 to November 2005
  unadjusted
  Labour force Participation rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 17,211.0 17,331.0 0.7 67.3 66.8 -0.5
Newfoundland and Labrador 246.5 251.0 1.8 57.3 58.5 1.2
Prince Edward Island 75.0 75.0 0.0 67.4 67.0 -0.4
Nova Scotia 485.2 480.7 -0.9 64.0 63.1 -0.9
New Brunswick 384.9 385.3 0.1 63.3 63.0 -0.3
Quebec 4,056.8 4,051.9 -0.1 66.1 65.2 -0.9
Ontario 6,784.3 6,834.6 0.7 68.1 67.4 -0.7
Manitoba 610.1 606.5 -0.6 69.0 68.1 -0.9
Saskatchewan 508.9 503.2 -1.1 68.1 67.2 -0.9
Alberta 1,849.5 1,870.6 1.1 73.3 72.5 -0.8
British Columbia 2,209.7 2,272.2 2.8 64.8 65.4 0.6
  Employment Employment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 16,035.6 16,295.0 1.6 62.7 62.8 0.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 207.8 214.2 3.1 48.3 49.9 1.6
Prince Edward Island 66.9 67.0 0.1 60.2 59.9 -0.3
Nova Scotia 444.0 442.1 -0.4 58.5 58.0 -0.5
New Brunswick 350.0 352.2 0.6 57.5 57.6 0.1
Quebec 3,703.7 3,735.1 0.8 60.3 60.1 -0.2
Ontario 6,357.4 6,458.8 1.6 63.8 63.7 -0.1
Manitoba 580.8 583.1 0.4 65.7 65.5 -0.2
Saskatchewan 484.6 478.8 -1.2 64.9 64.0 -0.9
Alberta 1,767.5 1,795.6 1.6 70.1 69.6 -0.5
British Columbia 2,072.9 2,168.0 4.6 60.8 62.4 1.6
  Unemployment Unemployment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 1,175.4 1,036.0 -11.9 6.8 6.0 -0.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 38.8 36.8 -5.2 15.7 14.7 -1.0
Prince Edward Island 8.1 8.0 -1.2 10.8 10.7 -0.1
Nova Scotia 41.3 38.6 -6.5 8.5 8.0 -0.5
New Brunswick 34.9 33.1 -5.2 9.1 8.6 -0.5
Quebec 353.2 316.8 -10.3 8.7 7.8 -0.9
Ontario 426.9 375.8 -12.0 6.3 5.5 -0.8
Manitoba 29.4 23.4 -20.4 4.8 3.9 -0.9
Saskatchewan 24.3 24.4 0.4 4.8 4.8 0.0
Alberta 81.9 75.0 -8.4 4.4 4.0 -0.4
British Columbia 136.8 104.1 -23.9 6.2 4.6 -1.6
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

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