Police-reported crime for selected offences, Canada
|Number – 2016||Rate – 2016||% change in rate – 2015 to 2016||% change in rate – 2006 to 2016|
|Total, all violations||2,142,545||5,905||0s||-26|
|Total Criminal Code (excluding traffic) – "crime rate"||1,895,546||5,224||0s||-28|
|Violent crime, total||381,594||1,052||-1||-24|
|Other violations causing death||97||0s||14||-46|
|Sexual assault – level 3 – aggravated||111||0s||6||-45|
|Sexual assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm||379||1||-1||-13|
|Sexual assault – level 1||20,524||57||-1||-15|
|Sexual violations against children1||6,917||19||30||...|
|Assault – level 3 – aggravated||3,395||9||1||-9|
|Assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm||48,626||134||1||-18|
|Assault – level 1||156,279||431||-2||-24|
|Assault peace officer||9,967||27||0s||-7|
|Firearms – use of, discharge, pointing||2,465||7||3||45|
|Forcible confinement or kidnapping||3,783||10||4||-24|
|Threatening or harassing phone calls||15,225||42||3||-50|
|Commodification of sexual activity2||708||2||11||...|
|Other violent Criminal Code violations||5,219||14||2||9|
|Property crime, total||1,163,647||3,207||0s||-33|
|Breaking and entering||159,119||439||-2||-43|
|Possess stolen property||20,279||56||0s||-49|
|Theft of motor vehicle||78,710||217||-1||-55|
|Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle)||15,415||42||-1||-19|
|Theft of $5,000 or under (non-motor vehicle)||495,639||1,366||1||-28|
|Other Criminal Code offences, total||350,305||965||4||-8|
|Disturbing the peace||97,554||269||-7||-25|
|Administration of justice violations||203,265||560||12||9|
|Criminal Code traffic violations, total||123,930||342||-3||-9|
|Alcohol impaired driving||67,411||186||-4||...|
|Drug impaired driving||3,098||9||11||...|
|Other Criminal Code traffic violations||53,421||147||-2||4|
|Drug offences, total||95,417||263||-6||-11|
|Possession – cannabis||44,301||122||-12||-10|
|Possession – cocaine||7,056||19||-5||-46|
|Possession – methamphetamines5||7,673||21||22||...|
|Possession – heroin||2,143||6||32||216|
|Possession – methylenedioxyamphetamine5||255||1||-40||...|
|Possession – other drugs5||7,695||21||7||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – cannabis||10,639||29||-4||-39|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – cocaine||7,161||20||-11||-40|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – methamphetamines5||2,153||6||10||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – heroin||912||3||15||126|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – methylenedioxyamphetamine5||196||1||-18||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – other drugs5||5,233||14||-3||...|
|Other federal statute violations, total||27,652||76||9||-13|
|Youth Criminal Justice Act||6,076||17||-15||-45|
|Other federal statutes||21,576||59||18||5|
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
Police-reported statistics may be affected by differences in the way police services deal with offences. In some instances, police or municipalities might choose to deal with some offences using municipal by-laws or provincial provisions rather than Criminal Code provisions. Counts are based on the most serious violation in the incident. One incident may involve multiple violations. Data for specific types of crime are available, in most cases, from 1977. Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 population. Percentage changes are based on unrounded rates. Populations are based on Statistics Canada's July 1 estimates.
CANSIM table 252-0051.
Sexual violations against children is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010, therefore the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 is not shown.
In December 2014, new legislation came into effect governing prostitution-related activities. The new legislation targets "the exploitation that is inherent in prostitution and the risks of violence posed to those who engage in it" (C.C. Chapter 25, preamble). New violations classified as "Commodification of Sexual Activity" under "Violent Crime" include: the purchasing of sexual services or communicating for that purpose, receiving a material benefit deriving from the purchase of sexual services, procuring of persons for the purpose of prostitution, and advertising sexual services offered for sale. In addition, a number of other offences related to prostitution continue to be considered non-violent offences and are classified under "Other Criminal Code offences". These include communicating to provide sexual services for consideration, and stopping or impeding traffic for the purpose of offering, providing or obtaining sexual services for consideration. Therefore, the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 is not shown.
In January 2010, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was modified to create new violation codes for identity fraud and identity theft. Prior to 2010, those offences would have been coded as fraud. Therefore, the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 is not shown.
Includes seven new terrorism violations which were introduced mid-year 2013, as a result of the enactment of Bill S-7 (An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Canada Evidence Act and the Security of Information Act). An additional terrorism violation code was introduced in late 2015, as a result of the enactment of Bill C-51 Anti-terrorism Act (2015). Therefore, comparisons to previous years should be made with caution. Terrorism is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010; therefore, the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 is not shown. Due to the length of time for investigations to confirm whether or not the incident is founded, annual counts of terrorism offences are subject to revisions downwards when revised data are released one year after the initial release. Therefore, changes between the current year of data and the previous year should be interpreted with caution.
In April 2008, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey began counting violations involving methamphetamines (e.g., crystal meth) and methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) (e.g., ecstasy) under their own unique violation codes. Prior to this, violations involving methamphetamines and MDA were counted within the category of "Other Drugs". Therefore, the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 for violations involving methamphetamines, MDA or "Other Drugs" are not shown.
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