Police-reported crime in Canada, 2016

Release date: November 9, 2017
Infographic: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2016
Description: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2016

The Crime Severity Index (CSI)Footnote 1 was 1% higher than in 2015, marking the second consecutive increase after 11 years of declines. Due to the volume and severity of police-reported fraud, the 14% increase in the rate of this offence drove the change in the CSI.

Crime Severity Index, 2004 to 2016
Year CSI
2004 104.1
2005 101.3
2006 100.0
2007 95.3
2008 90.6
2009 87.8
2010 82.9
2011 77.6
2012 75.4
2013 68.8
2014 66.7
2015 70.1
2016 71.0

The other crimes that affected the CSI included the following:

Increases
Type of crime Rate of increase in CSI, 2015 to 2016
Administration of justice offences +12%
Sexual violations against children +30%
Child pornography +41%
Decreases
Type of crime Rate of decrease in CSI, 2015 to 2016
Breaking and entering -2%
Mischief -6%
Robbery -3%

Canada's crime rate:
Number of Criminal Code incidents (excluding traffic) per 100,000 population: 5,224

Criminal Code incidents, 2016
Type of crime Number Percent
Total federal offences 2,142,545 100%
Property crime 1,163,647 54%
Violent crime 381,594 18%
Other Criminal Code offences 350,305 16%
Criminal Code traffic offences 123,930 6%
Drug offences 95,417 4%
Other federal statute violations 27,652 1%

In 2016, seven provinces and territories reported lower CSIs, five reported an increase, and one reported no change.

CSI by province or territory
Province or territory CSI value Change in CSI, 2015 to 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 69.3 +6%
Prince Edward Island 48.5 -3%
Nova Scotia 61.2 -3%
New Brunswick 61.7 -2%
Quebec 54.7 -3%
Ontario 52.7 +4%
Manitoba 114.4 +8%
Saskatchewan 148.8 +9%
Alberta 102.5 -1%
British Columbia 93.6 -1%
Yukon 183.9 0%
Northwest Territories 291.7 -9%
Nunavut 286.4 +4%

Among Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs), the five largest increases and decreases in the CSI were as follows:

Top five increases
Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) Change in CSI, 2015 to 2016
Winnipeg +16%
Regina +15%
Brantford +13%
Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario part) +10%
Guelph +9%
Top five decreases
Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) Change in CSI, 2015 to 2016
Trois-Rivières -14%
Victoria -12%
Saint John -6%
Calgary -6%
Abbotsford–Mission -5%

Source: Statistics Canada Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.
"Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2016." Juristat. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

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