Appendix Table A2
Descriptive statistics

  All communities Rural Urban
Mean S.D. Minimum Maximum Mean S.D. Mean S.D.
Dependent:
Population change (change from 1981 to 2006, as a percent of the 1981 population level) 10.71 45.43 -87.08 709.39 1.80 34.75 43.64 62.12
Sector restructuring factors
Presence of agriculture (dummy) 0.86 0.34 0 1.00 0.85 0.36 0.93 0.25
Community agriculture (%) 15.45 17.30 0 86.36 18.27 18.21 5.05 6.51
Regional agriculture (%) 16.15 13.25 0.06 60.07 17.57 13.94 10.92 8.42
Presence of other primary sector (dummy) 0.61 0.49 0 1 0.57 0.50 0.76 0.43
Community other primary sector (%) 5.04 8.35 0 71.61 5.61 8.76 2.93 6.14
Regional other primary sector (%) 4.44 4.41 0.3 34.67 4.73 4.55 3.37 3.64
Presence of distributive services (dummy) 0.99 0.09 0 1.00 0.99 0.11 1.00 0
Community distributive services (%) 19.75 6.88 0 62.80 18.65 6.89 23.82 5.09
Regional distributive services (%) 19.83 2.70 11.88 32.35 19.41 2.56 21.39 2.63
Presence of producer services (dummy) 0.80 0.40 0 1.00 0.76 0.43 0.97 0.17
Community producer services (%) 4.89 3.73 0 41.69 4.17 3.51 7.53 3.34
Regional producer services (%) 4.97 1.62 0.66 14.02 4.61 1.33 6.30 1.91
Agglomeration factors
Local population density (people/km2) 59.5 297.08 0.01 6,095.99 12.26 16.47 234.22 612.73
Regional population density (people/km2) 70.51 161.28 0.06 2,947.78 40.44 40.75 181.72 317.02
Size of nearest agglomeration (10,000 people) 15.39 41.78 1.05 311.44 9.35 23.62 37.71 74.25
Distance to larger agglomeration (km) 263.91 250.81 4.47 1,335.98 282.03 257.03 196.91 213.57
Distance to smaller agglomeration (km) 53.63 49.90 0.15 860.02 60.27 50.51 29.08 38.70
Socio-economic factors
Community economic specialization (index) 0.20 0.08 0.10 0.75 0.20 0.08 0.18 0.04
Regional economic specialization (index) 0.20 0.05 0.14 0.45 0.20 0.05 0.18 0.03
Community educational attainment (%) 32.14 11.34 3.20 74.47 29.78 10.56 40.85 9.75
Regional educational attainment (%) 32.55 6.59 16.01 59.69 31.49 6.16 36.47 6.68
Community labour force participation rate (%) 56.9 8.47 15.49 86.34 55.39 8.30 62.52 6.49
Regional labour force participation rate (%) 57.21 4.96 42.76 69.49 56.54 4.80 59.70 4.74
Other demographics
Population less than 15 years of age (%) 25.08 4.60 6.25 47.50 25.00 4.72 25.38 4.11
Population 55 to 74 years of age (%) 16.06 5.43 2.18 44.25 16.85 5.45 13.16 4.25
Presence of young in-comers (dummy) 0.96 0.20 0 1.00 0.95 0.22 0.99 0.12
Young who recently moved in (%) 28.65 15.25 0 100 27.86 15.76 31.56 12.79
Presence of senior in-comers (dummy) 0.88 0.32 0 1.00 0.86 0.35 0.96 0.19
Seniors who recently moved in (%) 11.23 8.76 0 60 10.6 8.87 13.54 7.93
Presence of Aboriginal population (dummy) 0.48 0.50 0 1.00 0.40 0.49 0.77 0.42
Aboriginal population (%) 2.40 8.95 0 97.50 2.60 9.75 1.64 4.88
Note: S.D. indicates the standard deviation of the mean. See Appendix Table A1 for variable definitions and units of measure.
All variables are for 1981 if not otherwise indicated. Averages are computed as unweighted averages of Census Consolidated Subdivisions (CCS) level values; hence they are not to be interpreted as a national population average.
Source: Author's computation based on Census of Population data for 1981 and 2006.