Labour Market Indicators,

Release date: June 9, 2017

Select type of growth rate Month-to-month change
Year-over-year change



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Increase
Decrease
No change
Unemployment rate (%) - Indicator for all regions
Rank Region
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April 2016
(%)
Monthly
change (pts)

 

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Chart description

Canada - All indicators. The indicators are active links; selecting them will change the other table, chart and map.
Indicator Month-to-month change
Population (15+)
Labour force
Employment
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
Participation rate
Employment rate

Notes

All national, provincial and CMA estimates used in this application are seasonally adjusted, three-month moving averages. Labour Force Survey data at the national and provincial level published each month in The Daily are seasonally adjusted monthly estimates.

Data for the territories is available in CANSIM table 282-0100.

Sources

Sampling variability

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. As a result, monthly estimates will show more variability than trends observed over longer time periods. For more information, see "Interpreting Monthly Changes in Employment from the Labour Force Survey." Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries also have more variability. For an explanation of the sampling variability of estimates and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-X).

Definitions

CMA
A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large population centre (known as core) together with adjacent fringe and rural areas that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the cores. A CMA has a population of at least 100,000.
Employment
Number of persons who, during the reference week, worked for pay or profit, or performed unpaid family work or had a job but were not at work due to own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, labour dispute, vacation, or other reason. Those persons on layoff and persons without work but who had a job to start at a definite date in the future are not considered employed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Employment rate
The employment rate (formerly the employment/population ratio) is the number of persons employed expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. The employment rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number employed in that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
Labour force
Number of civilian, non-institutionalized persons 15 years of age and over who, during the reference week, were employed or unemployed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Participation rate
The participation rate is the number of labour force participants expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number of labour force participants in that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
Population (15+)
Number of persons of working age, 15 years of age and over. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
pts
Percentage points.
Unemployment
Number of persons who, during the reference week, were without work, had looked for work in the past four weeks, and were available for work. Those persons on layoff or who had a new job to start in four weeks or less are considered unemployed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Unemployment rate
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number unemployed in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
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