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Centre for Education Statistics, Statistics Canada
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A note on confidentiality
Salaries of full-time teaching staff at Canadian universities and colleges
Salary scales for university teachers
Universities covered in this report (listed by province)
The data in this report are drawn from the University and College Academic Staff Survey (UCASS). Conducted since 1946, UCASS presents a national picture of the socio-economic characteristics of full-time university teachers in degree-granting institutions. The survey is conducted annually, with a reference date of October 1. Therefore, the data collected through this survey present a snapshot of full-time teaching staff as of that date.
This report presents information on the salaries of full-time teaching staff at 22 Canadian universities, along with information on their salary scales for the 2006/2007 academic year.
It should be noted that many factors can influence salaries, including qualifications and number of years teaching. As well, some universities impose a maximum to the salary range for each rank while others have an open-ended scale.
The University and College Academic Staff Survey is conducted under the Statistics Act. To release data at the institutional level, institutions must authorize Statistics Canada to release their information. Furthermore, to ensure the confidentiality of individuals, Statistics Canada will not release data at the institutional level for any institution with fewer than 100 full-time teaching staff. For institutions with more than 100 staff, the data is available at the institutional level however, information is processed in such a way that results are not shown where there are too few individuals.
Due to the Statistics Act which, in part, prohibits the identification of individuals, a number of measures have been taken to ensure that no one individual or their salary can be identified or extrapolated. Information is processed in such a way that the mean is not shown when the given rank contains less than six (6) people and medians and percentiles are not calculated when there are less than 10 people.
The tables (see the PDF version) present, for each of the universities listed below, the number of full-time teaching staff, along with their average and median salaries.
In addition, as a measure of distribution, the salary at the 10th and 90th percentile is given. In other words, the teaching staff is ranked by salary from lowest to highest and divided into ten even groups; the values presented in the table are the cutoff points for the lowest and highest 10% of the distribution.
The target population of this survey is full-time teaching staff in degree-granting institutions who are under contract for twelve months or more. This includes all teachers within faculties, academic staff in teaching hospitals, visiting academic staff in faculties and research staff who have an academic rank and salary similar to teaching staff. Administrative and support staff and librarians are excluded, as are staff solely engaged in research. Teaching and research assistants are also excluded.
The salary represents the reported annual rate of pay plus administrative stipends, if any, for all reported faculty members, including those on sabbatical leave.
The final table in this report (see the PDF version) presents 2006/2007 salary scales for full-time university teachers. The 67 institutions included in this table are those that reported their scales by the end of June, 2007. Note that the institutions included in this table are not a subset of the institutions covered in the salary tables.
Most universities for which information is included here reported their salary scales as final.