Health Reports About Health Reports

Latest release of Health Reports

Health Reports, published by the Health Analysis Division of Statistics Canada, is a peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research. It is designed for a broad audience that includes health professionals, researchers, policymakers, and the general public. The journal publishes articles of wide interest that contain original and timely analyses of national or provincial/territorial surveys or administrative databases. New articles are published electronically each month.

Health Reports had an impact factor of 2.673 for 2014 and a five-year impact factor of 4.167. All articles are indexed in PubMed. Our online catalogue is free and receives more than 500,000 visits per year. External submissions are welcome.


Didier Garriguet

Senior Editor
Mary Sue Devereaux

Managing Editor
Janice Felman

Assistant Editors
Amber Doy-Yat
Rasha Bradic

In the works

To receive this notice of upcoming Health Reports releases by e-mail, please contact Janice Felman at


Health Reports – August 17, 2016

Acute care hospitalization by Aboriginal identity, Canada, 2006 through 2008
by Gisèle Carrière, Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen, Michelle Rotermann and Claudia Sanmartin

This study is based on 2006 Census (long-form) socio-demographic information (including Aboriginal identity) that was linked to the Discharge Abstract Database to create a sample for analysis for all provinces and territories except Quebec. The primary purpose is to provide national figures (excluding Quebec) on acute care hospitalizations of Aboriginal (First Nations living on and off reserve, Métis, Inuit in Inuit Nunangat) and non-Aboriginal people. A secondary objective is to identify the leading diagnostic categories (chapters) of acute care hospitalizations, based on the “most responsible diagnosis.”

Acute care hospitalization, by immigrant category: Linking hospital data and the Immigrant Landing File in Canada
by Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin and Douglas G. Manuel

Although immigrants tend to be healthier than the Canadian-born population when they arrive, subgroups, notably different immigration categories, may differ in health and health care use. Data limitations have meant the research has seldom focused on category of immigrant―economic, family or refugee. A newly linked database has made it possible to study acute care hospitalization by immigration category and source region. In this study, the Immigrant Landing File―Hospital Discharge Abstract Linked Database was used to derive sex-specific crude and age-standardized hospitalization rates per 10,000 population for all-cause and leading causes of hospitalization during the 2006/2007-to-2008/2009 period.

Other Health Articles

Using national dietary intake data to evaluate and adapt the US Diet History Questionnaire: the stepwise tailoring of an FFQ for Canadian use
by Ilona Csizmadi, Beatrice A. Boucher, Geraldine Lo Siou, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Didier Garriguet, Anita Koushik, Janine Elenko and Amy F. Subar

The objective of this study was to evaluate the Canadian Diet History Questionnaire I (C-DHQ I) food list and to adapt the US DHQ II for Canada using Canadian dietary survey data.

Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls reported by adults in the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) – Cycle 2.2 Nutrition (2004) were analysed to create a food list corresponding to C-DHQ I food questions. The percentage contribution of the food list to the total survey intake of seventeen nutrients was used as the criterion to evaluate the suitability of the C-DHQ I to capture food intake in Canadian populations. The data were also analysed to identify foods and to modify portion sizes for the C-DHQ II.

Four thousand five hundred and thirty-three foods and recipes were grouped into 268 Food Groups, of which 212 corresponded to questions on the C-DHQ I. Nutrient intakes captured by the C-DHQ I ranged from 79% for fat to 100% for alcohol. For the new C-DHQ II, some food questions were retained from the original US DHQ II while others were added based on foods reported in CCHS and foods available on the Canadian market since 2004. Of 153 questions, 143 were associated with portion sizes of which fifty-three were modified from US values. Sex-specific nutrient profiles for the C-DHQ II nutrient database were derived using CCHS data.

The C-DHQ I and II are designed to optimize the capture of foods consumed by Canadian populations.

This article was published online in Public Health Nutrition and is available at doi:10.1017/S1368980016001506. For more information, please contact Didier Garriguet at

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Author guidelines

Health Reports scope

Health Reports publishes original research on diverse topics related to understanding and improving the health of populations and the delivery of health care. We publish studies based on analyses of Canadian national/provincial representative surveys or Canadian national/provincial administrative databases, as well as results of international comparative health research. Health Reports encourages the sharing of methodological information among those engaged in the analysis of health surveys or administrative databases. Use of the most current data available is advised for all submissions.

Who publishes Health Reports

Health Reports is published by Canada’s national statistics agency, Statistics Canada. Health Reports is designed for a broad audience that includes health professionals, researchers, policymakers, and through media coverage, the general public. Articles are published electronically on the third Wednesday of every month.

Health Reports content

Health Reports contains three types of article:  Research Articles, Health Matters, and Methodological Insights. (Please indicate type when you submit your manuscript)

Research Articles

Research Articles present an in-depth analysis of a research question or hypothesis.  Authors should think in terms of issues or themes, rather than a description of data.  Research Articles undergo double-blind external peer review. Articles are also read by Statistics Canada staff and subject matter specialists from Health Canada or the Public Health Agency of Canada (a step known as “institutional review”).

Methodological Insights

Methodological Insights explore issues such as data quality, response bias, and sampling error.  They are intended for the benefit of other researchers and data users.  Like Research Articles, Methodological Insights undergo double-blind external peer review and institutional review.

Health Matters

Health Matters are short, descriptive reports.  Profile articles are more appropriate for Health Matters than for Research Articles and consequently often accompany Statistics Canada data releases. Health Matters articles also undergo peer and institutional review.

Guidelines for writing articles

The style requirements of Health Reports generally follow those of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), entitled “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals,” which can be found at: International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' web site.

Research Articles and Methodological Insights


The text should be divided into sections headed Introduction, Data and methods, Results, and Discussion. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections to clarify their content. Only one level of subhead beneath these major sections should be used. 


The Introduction should provide context and background. Authors should provide a clear statement of the objectives and how they intend to reach them. 


This section should include a description of the data sources including details of sample size, collection methodology and, in the case of survey data, response rate. Statistical methods should be described with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to reproduce the reported results. Findings should be presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Appropriate methods that account for the complexity of survey sampling (for example, the use of resampling techniques like boostrapping) should be used where indicated.


Emphasize or summarize only important observations.  Regardless of the type of article, readers should not be burdened with too many numbers.  Put only key numbers in the text; less important figures can be displayed in accompanying tables.  Do not repeat in the text a lengthy description of material that is presented in tables and/or figures. 


We encourage authors to write the discussion sections of research articles in a structured way. For more information, see "The case for structuring the discussion of scientific papers", BMJ 1999; 318:1224-1225 (8 May).

The Discussion addresses the specific issue(s) and the broader context presented in the Introduction.  The Discussion should be written without numbers (or just a few).  A brief summary of the main findings may be helpful, but authors should not repeat in detail the material in the Results section.  Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations, and explore the implications of findings for future research.  Link the Results with the goals of the study, but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not supported by the data.

To maintain Statistics Canada's position as a neutral and objective information provider, opinions related to current or previous policies or directions for future policies should be avoided.

Health Reports follows journals published by the BMJ Group by asking that authors include a "What this paper adds" box. The box should be divided into two short paragraphs containing bulleted sentences.

Paragraph 1: What is already known on this subject?
In two or three bulleted sentences, explain the state of scientific knowledge in this area prior to your study and why this study needed to be done.

Paragraph 2: What does this study add?
Give a simple answer to the question, "What do we now know as a result of this study that we did not know before?" Be brief, succinct, specific and accurate. The last sentence should summarize any implications for future research.


Health Reports follows the Vancouver style of referencing (using a superscripted number system). A list of sample references for many different types of citations (for example, journal articles, books, book chapters) is available at: United States National Library of Medicine. We strongly urge our authors to consult these requirements when preparing their manuscripts.

Health Matters


Health Matters are generally profiles and do not adhere to the uniform style. However, the objectives should be presented at the beginning, and the presentation of results should be logical and concise. Methodological information is provided in sidebars called “The data”, which describes the surveys and/or databases from which the information was derived, and explains concepts and terms used in the article.


Same as those for Research Articles and Methodological Insights (see above).

Submitting your article

All articles should be submitted electronically to: Submissions should be double-spaced and use 12pt font. Track changes should be removed. The title page containing author information, the abstract, the word count and the number of tables and figures and the body of the text should all be in one MS Word document.

Tables and figures should be included in the e-mailed submission as separate files in MS Excel. Each table or figure should be in a separate file. Data for the creation of figures should be included in the same spreadsheet as the figure itself.

Tables should contain, only one number per cell. For example, a mean with the accompanying 95% confidence interval should be presented in three columns: mean, lower bound and upper bound.

For more complex figures (for example, maps), an image (.gif) can be provided. Authors might be asked to provide a written description of the figure.

Manuscripts rejected at this stage typically are those that fall outside the scope of the journal, are lacking originality or population health/health services research significance, have serious conceptual and/or methodological flaws or do not follow the author guidelines. Authors of manuscripts rejected at this stage will normally be informed within two weeks of receipt.

The review process

A manuscript submitted to Health Reports is assessed by the Scientific Editor, who, in consultation with Associate Editors, decides whether it is suitable to be sent to peer and institutional review. 

Manuscripts rejected at this stage typically are those that fall outside the scope of the journal, lack originality or population health/health services research significance, have serious conceptual and/or methodological flaws, or do not follow the author guidelines.

If deemed suitable, the article is sent to a minimum of two peer reviewers. Authors may suggest individuals who specialize in the topic of their paper as reviewers, but Health Reports does not guarantee that the editors will use all or any of the suggested reviewers. Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada, and depending on the subject of the paper, other government departments, also review the articles. At the same time as peer review, the article is reviewed by senior management at Statistics Canada to ensure that no statements might compromise Statistics Canada’s non-partisanship, objectivity and neutrality. The review process normally takes four to six weeks.  

In light of the peer and institutional reviews, the Scientific Editor decides on one of four possible outcomes: accept, accept with minor revisions, accept with major revisions, or reject. If an article is accepted and revisions are required, the author’s revised version is reassessed by the Scientific Editor. Once an article is accepted, it will be copy-edited.

Data verification

If the article is accepted for publication, Health Reports reserves the right to examine data programs and output to ensure the findings can be reproduced.


Health Reports is published in English and French. Translations of Health Reports articles are verified by a French or English editor, depending on the language of the original manuscript. Authors are offered an opportunity to review the translation of their article.

The Daily

Articles published in Health Reports may be featured in The Daily, Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin, and first line of communication with the media and the public. The Daily is released online at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time each working day.

A telephone number and e-mail address are given for the corresponding author.  If this person cannot respond to questions in the other official language, a Statistics Canada employee will be assigned to this task. Authors are asked to make themselves available for interviews on the day of release. The contents of Health Reports articles are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. of the day of release.

Because articles featured in The Daily often receive considerable media coverage, authors are requested to participate in a media preparation session before publication. For Health Reports articles featured in The Daily, a press release is prepared by the staff of The Daily. In such cases, authors will have an opportunity to review and verify the contents of the release.

Editorial Board members

Adam Baxter-Jones
University of Saskatchewan

David Feeny
McMaster University

Rick Glazier
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
and University of Toronto

Kimberlyn McGrail
University of British Columbia

Cameron Mustard
Institute for Work and Health, University of

Tom Noseworthy
University of Calgary

Jennifer O’Loughlin
University of Montreal

Nancy Ross
McGill University

Michael Wolfson
University of Ottawa

Associate editors

Isabelle Amano
Statistics Canada

Julie Bernier
Statistics Canada

Doug Manuel
Ottawa Health Research Institute
and Statistics Canada

Michelle Simard
Statistics Canada

Peer reviewers

The clinical, methodological and subject matter specialists listed below have reviewed articles submitted for Volume 26 of Health Reports. The editors thank them for their valuable contributions of time and expertise.

Chris Ardern
Pierre Ayotte
Christina Bethell
Jamila Bookwala
Tracey Bushnik
Karen Canfell
Nelson Chong
Andrew Coldman
Karen Cruikshanks
Alain Demers
Paul Demers
Ron Dewar
Dustin T. Duncan
Linda Duxbury
Charlotte Edwardson
Danijela Gašević
Line Gullison
Gareth Hagger-Johnson
Jean Harvey
John Helliwell
Deirdre Hennessy
Howard Hoffman
James B. Holt
Rachel Jones
Shona Kelly
Peter Kitchen
Erich Kliewer
Tom Kovesi
Patricia Li
Elizabeth Lin
Matthew P. Longnecker
Alexander V. Louie
Zhong Cheng Luo
David Ma
Amanda MacFarlane
Doug Manuel
Laurent Martel
Patricia J. Martens
Teri McComber
Gwenn Menveille
Wendy V. Norman
Andrew Patterson
David Perdue
Amy Porath-Waller
Alison Reid
Janis Randall Simpson
Wan C. Tan
Masako Tanaka
Nico Trocmé
Frank Trovato
Zoua Vang

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