Inuit: Fact Sheet for Nunavut

Release date: March 29, 2016 Correction date: (if required)

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About the data sources

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are the main data sources for this fact sheet. The 2011 NHS collected social and economic data about the Canadian population. The 2012 APS was a national survey of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 6 and older. The data are for the Aboriginal identity population, which refers to people who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation. It was possible to report both single and multiple responses to the Aboriginal identity questions on the NHS and the APS. The NHS data in this fact sheet are based on single responses only. The APS data represent a combination of the single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. Nearly all off-reserve First Nations, Métis, and Inuit respondents reported a single identity.

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Aboriginal people account for the majority of the population in Nunavut

Inuit population younger than non-Aboriginal

Two-thirds of Inuit children live with both parents

Table 1
Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement, by selected Aboriginal identity group, Nunavut, 2011 Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement Inuit single identity and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 1 Note 1
percent
Children of both parentsTable 1 Note 2 66.5 84.2
Stepchildren 5.3 2.1
Children of lone parent 23.2 12.6
Grandchildren in skip-generation family 2.4 0.0
Foster children 1.3 0.0
Children living with other relativesTable 1 Note 3 1.2 0.0

Four in ten Inuit live in crowded homes

Table 2
Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs, by selected Aboriginal identity group, Nunavut, 2011 Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs Inuit single identity and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 2 Note 1
percent
CrowdingTable 2 Note 2 39.2 4.3
Home in need of majorTable 2 Note 3 repairs 35.4 13.7

Nine in ten Inuit report ability to speak an Aboriginal language

Three in ten Inuit have postsecondary qualifications

Table 3
Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64, by selected Aboriginal identity group, Nunavut, 2011 Table summary
This table displays the results of Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64 Inuit single identity and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 3 Note 1
percent
No certificate, diploma or degree 59.7 5.1
High school diploma or equivalent 11.6 14.8
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28.8 80.2
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 10.9 7.2
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15.2 22.0
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelTable 3 Note 2 0.9 3.5
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 1.8 47.4

Employment rates and median total income increase with education

Table 4
Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64, by highest level of educational attainment, selected Aboriginal identity group, Nunavut, 2011 Table summary
This table displays the results of Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64 Inuit single identity and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using employment rate (percent) units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 4 Note 1
employment rate (percent)
Total 53.9 92.7
No certificate, diploma or degree 44.2 76.5
High school diploma or equivalent 66.4 92.0
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 69.1 94.0

About four in ten Inuit rated their health as excellent or very good

Chart 1 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nunavut, 2012, percent

Description for Chart 1

The title of the graph is "Chart 1 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nunavut, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 2 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 85 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Total."
The minimum value is 42.4 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 58.0 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 2 is "12 to 24 years."
The minimum value is 56.5 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 76.5E and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 3 is "25 to 44 years."
The minimum value is 40.2 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 70.4 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 4 is "45 years and over."
The minimum value is 23.4 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 39.5E and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."

Data table for Chart 1 Chart 1
Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nunavut, 2012, percent
Table summary
This table displays the results of Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over Total, 12 to 24 years, 25 to 44 years and 45 years and over (appearing as column headers).
  Total 12 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 years and over
Inuit 42.4 56.5 40.2 23.4
Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1 58.0 76.5Note E: Use with caution 70.4 39.5Note E: Use with caution
Table 5
Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nunavut, 2012 Table summary
This table displays the results of Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over Inuit and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Inuit Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 5 Note 1
percent
Total 47.1 81.3
18 to 24 49.6 81.0Table 5 Note E: Use with caution
25 to 44 45.0 80.1
45 and over 48.5 82.7

About six in ten Inuit smoked daily

Table 6
Selected health behaviours of Inuit population aged 12 and over, by selected age group, Nunavut, 2012 Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected health behaviours of Inuit population aged 12 and over percent (appearing as column headers).
  percent
Total  
Daily smoking 58.7
Heavy drinkingNote 1 36.4
Non-drinking 49.6
12 to 24  
Daily smoking 51.0
Heavy drinking 32.3
Non-drinking 60.0
25 to 44  
Daily smoking 71.2
Heavy drinking 40.3
Non-drinking 34.3
45 and over  
Daily smoking 51.5
Heavy drinking 32.8Note E: Use with caution
Non-drinking 57.1

This fact sheet was prepared by Paula Arriagada of the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada.


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