Notes on Trade of Arms and Ammunition 2023

Export statistics

Supplementary information relating to the export of arms and ammunitions can be found on government websites such as Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada's "Trade Data Online" and Statistics Canada's "Canadian International Merchandise Trade Web Application". These data are compiled and published based on the Harmonized System (HS) classification. This classification is overseen by the World Customs Organization for the purpose of establishing global commodity codes, with each product assigned a specific classification code. The HS codes support the compilation and uses of trade statistics.

The statistics for trade of commodities defined in Chapter 93 "Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof" of the HS classification do not completely align with information for the export of conventional arms and ammunition as defined in the Export and Import Permits Act. As a result, the "Arms and Ammunitions" category of items does not in most cases reflect what is generally understood as conventional arms and ammunition. For example, goods such as flare guns used in oil and gas drilling, ammunition to frighten birds at airports, etc. may be listed under the "Arms and Ammunition" coding.

Other sources of information outside of Statistics Canada

Statistics relating to the export of military goods and technology, including conventional arms and ammunition, can be found in the reports on “Exports of Military Goods” published by Global Affairs Canada.

The Canadian Commercial Corporation also generates their own export data based on contracts between Canadian suppliers and military end-users. Again, these statistics may include items which are not strictly military in nature, such as storage containers.

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