Variant of the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0 for Agricultural goods (extension variant) - Background information


The variant of the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) Canada for agricultural goods has been approved as a departmental standard. The first agricultural goods variant was based on NAPCS Canada 2012, yet it was not implemented. The NAPCS 2017 Version 2.0 was approved as departmental standard on November 27, 2017. An updated variant has been developed and adapted to NAPCS Canada 2022 Version 1.0, which was approved on September 24, 2021.

Changes to NAPCS Canada 2022 version 1.0

In the past, the standard classification for agricultural goods was not used by the Agriculture Division. An existing classification that included agriculture goods in the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM 2004 – List of Goods), did not meet the needs of the Agriculture Division's programs. At the same time, the standard classification of NAPCS Canada did not have enough detail to meet the needs of all the Agriculture Division programs. Thus, an extension variant for agricultural goods has been developed to meet those specific needs. This variant is generally an extension of the four levels of the standard NAPCS Canada.

Three subclasses of the standard classification have had their titles enhanced and definitions improved: NAPCS 115141- Seeds of flowers, shrubs and trees; NAPCS 115143-Floriculture products (except seeds); and NAPCS 115144- Nursery products (except seeds).

This variant will continue to be updated as agriculture data form part of Statistics Canada's Integrated Business Statistics Program (IBSP).

The standard NAPCS Canada has been adopted by most Statistics Canada programs that have a product dimension.

There are several benefits to converting to NAPCS Canada:

  • Most Statistics Canada programs with a product dimension will adopt NAPCS Canada. As a result, Statistics Canada data will be coherent and consistent.
  • Some products produced in Canada today did not exist a few years ago. Converting to a new classification system will allow products to be classified more accurately.
  • By using NAPCS Canada, we insure alignment with the macro-economic accounts, the prices programs and the merchandise accounts.
  • Statistical programs in the United States and Mexico may also release data based on NAPCS. In these cases, international comparisons of product data will be easier.

Variant of NAPCS Canada for agricultural goods (extension variant)

The NAPCS Canada 2022 Version 1.0 contains 158 groups (3-digits), of which only 8 groups are related to agricultural goods. These groups from code 111 to 121 and group 213 are included in this variant; in most cases these goods represent farm output. Processed agricultural goods are not included in the variant. However, the variant does include unprocessed fishery products.

There are two additional levels of detail below the standard four-level NAPCS Canada, to meet the needs of the Agriculture Division. The first variant level below the detail level, which is made of 8-digits codes, comprises 283 categories, while the second level, which is made of 9-digits codes, comprises 378 categories.

See "Hierarchical structure" for a detailed presentation of the levels and code structures of the variant.

Hierarchical structure

The structure of the variant of NAPCS Canada 2022 Version 1.0 for agricultural goods is hierarchical. It is composed of six levels.

level 1: group (three-digit standard codes or four-character alphanumeric variant codes)
level 2: class (five-digit standard codes or six-character alphanumeric variant codes)
level 3: subclass (six-digit standard codes)
level 4: detail (seven-digit standard codes)
level 5: detail (eight-digit variant codes)
level 6: detail (nine-digit variant codes)

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