Dimensions of Poverty Hub

Dimensions of
Poverty
Hub

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Canada's Official Poverty Line

Canada's Official Poverty Line

Description - Canada's Official Poverty Line
  • This line chart shows the evolution of the poverty rate in Canada over time.
  • It has a vertical axis showing percentages, from 5% to 15%, by increments of 2 percentage points.
  • It has a horizontal axis showing years, from 2012 to 2020, by increments of 1 year.
  • The line shows that the poverty rate was 15.0% in 2012.
  • The line shows a decrease in the poverty rate over the most recent years, highlighting the following data points: 14.5% in 2015, 11.2% in 2018, 10.3% in 2019, and 6.4% in 2020, the lowest point on the graph.

In 2020, 6.4% of Canadians lived in poverty, down from 10.3% in 2019. More information on Canada's Official Poverty Line

Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard

"Opportunity for All" introduces a dashboard of 12 indicators to track progress on deep income poverty as well as the aspects of poverty other than income, including indicators of material deprivation, lack of opportunity and resilience.

Dignity

Dignity in poverty banner

Lifting Canadians out of poverty by ensuring basic needs — such as safe and affordable housing, healthy food and health care — are met.

Deep income poverty

In 2020, 3.0% of Canadians were living in deep income poverty, down from 5.1% in 2019. More information on Deep poverty

Unmet housing needs and chronic homelessness

12.7 percent of Canadian households experienced core housing needs in 2016, same as in 2006 and slightly up from 12.5 percent in 2011. More information on Unmet housing needs and chronic homelessness

Unmet health needs

In 2020, 7.2% of persons aged 16 years and over reported experiencing unmet health care needs, compared with 6.1% in 2019. More information on Unmet health needs

Food insecurity

In 2020, 11.2% of Canadians lived in households that had experienced moderate or severe food insecurity, compared with 10.8% in 2019. More information on food insecurity

Opportunity and inclusion

Opportunity and inclusion banner

Helping Canadians join the middle class by promoting full participation in society and equality of opportunity.

Relative low income

In 2020, 9.3% of Canadians had less than half as much income as the median after-tax income, down from 12.1% in 2019. More information on Relative low income

Bottom 40% income share

In 2020, 22.2 % of total after-tax income went to Canadians in the bottom 40% of the income distribution, up from 21.0% in 2019. More information on Bottom 40% income share

Youth engagement

11.4 percent of Canadian youth (age 15-24) were not in employment, education or training in 2021, down from 11.8 percent in 2020.More information on Youth engagement

Literacy and numeracy

13.8 percent of 15-year-old Canadians had low literacy skills in 2018, up from 10.7 percent in 2015. 16.4 percent of adults (age 16-65) had low literacy skills in 2012.

16.3 percent of 15-year-old Canadians had low numeracy skills in 2018, an increase from 14.4 percent in 2015. 22.4 percent of Canadian adults (age 16-65) had low numeracy skills in 2012. More information on Literacy and numeracy

Resilience and security

Security banner

Supporting the middle class by protecting Canadians from falling into poverty and by supporting income security and resilience.

Median hourly wage

The median hourly wage for Canadian employees was $26.00 in 2021, down from $26.36 in 2020 (in 2021 dollars).More information on Median hourly wage

Average poverty gap

In 2020, Canadians who lived in families with incomes below Canada’s Official Poverty Line were, on average, 31.7% below this line, down from 33.0% in 2019.More information on Average poverty gap

Asset resilience

In 2019, 67.1% of Canadians were asset resilient in 2019, up from 66.6% in 2016, meaning they had enough savings to cover three months of the low income measure. More information on Asset resilience

Low income entry and exit rates

Between 2018 and 2019, 3.9% of tax filers (880,000), who were not in low income in 2018, entered low income in 2019.

Between 2018 and 2019, 29.5% of tax filers (1.18 million), who were in low income in 2018, left low income in 2019.More information on Low income entry and exit rates

Opportunity for All – Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy

Opportunity for all: Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy

In August 2018, the Canadian government released "Opportunity for All – Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy". "Opportunity for All" is a whole-of-government strategy that involves actions and investments that span across the federal government.

Gender, diversity and inclusion statistics

Gender, diversity, and inclusion banner

Visit Gender, diversity and inclusion statistics for information on socio-demographic characteristics that can intersect with poverty.

Sustainable Development Goals and Poverty

Sustainable Development Goal 1 - No poverty

Goal 1 - No poverty of the Sustainable Development Goals is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere.

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