2019 submissions

Evaluating the Information Content in the Business Outlook Survey (002-2019)

Evaluating the Information Content in the Business Outlook Survey (002-2019)

Purpose: To evaluate the information content in the Bank of Canada's Business Outlook Survey. This will be achieved by linking data of all firms in the Bank of Canada's Business Outlook Survey (BOS) to Statistics Canada's Business Registry and administrative firm data sources (specifically the National Accounts Longitudinal Microdata File) over the period 2000-2017. The goal of this project is to compare the information content of the BOS to Statistics Canada administrative data sources and how administrative data can complement the survey.

Output: Security measures for the linking keys, identifiers and linked analysis file will conform to Statistics Canada's policies and standards. The linkage will be performed at Statistics Canada by Statistics Canada staff, and the link files will be kept in a secure, password-protected server. Access to direct identifiers and linked files will be restricted to Statistics Canada staff whose assigned work duties require such access. All direct business identifiers will be removed from the analysis file once linkage is complete. External researchers can only access the linked data in the Canadian Centre for Data Development and Economic Research, on Statistics Canada premises, and under the Directive on the Use of Deemed Employees. The linked file will be retained in accordance with the Directive on the Management of Statistical Microdata Files, until no longer required, at which time it will be destroyed.

The impact of Intellectual Property on the Canadian Economy (003-2019)

The impact of Intellectual Property on the Canadian Economy (003-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of the project is to examine the role individuals play in the generation of intellectual property, in the leveraging of that intellectual property to drive firm performance, and in the diffusion of the skills for innovation across the economy. The project will inform the Government of Canada's Innovation and Skills Plan and Intellectual Property Strategy, particularly in the areas of skills development, the diffusion of knowledge, and intellectual property awareness among individuals from various socio-economic backgrounds.

Output: Security measures for the linking keys, identifiers and linked analysis file will conform to Statistics Canada's policies and standards. All direct business and individual identifiers will be removed from the analysis file once linkage is complete. External researchers can only access the linked analysis file in the Canadian Centre for Data Development and Economic Research, on Statistics Canada premises, and under the Directive on the Use of Deemed Employees. The linked file will be retained in accordance with the Directive on the Management of Statistical Microdata Files, until no longer required, at which time it will be destroyed.

LASS 2016 to Census 2016, Census 2011 and NHS 2011 Linkage (004-2019)

LASS 2016 to Census 2016, Census 2011 and NHS 2011 Linkage (004-2019)

Purpose: The resulting data from this microdata linkage will be used by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation to better understand the housing, dwelling and other complementary characteristics of a cohort of Canadian veterans, who have been identified as an at-risk population in the latest national housing strategy.

Output: The resulting aggregated data will be disseminated in a tabular format. Only non-confidential aggregated statistics and analytical output that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act and any applicable requirements of the Privacy Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada.

Linkage of the National Dose Registry to cancer and mortality outcomes, an update (005-2019)

Linkage of the National Dose Registry to cancer and mortality outcomes, an update (005-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of this project is to the update the linkage of the National Dose Registry to the Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) and the Canadian Vital Statistics Death (CVSD) database with the aim to continue to assess long-term health effects that may be related to occupational exposure to radiation. Occupational health and safety legislation establishes thresholds for occupational exposure, as well as workplace and personal protective measures, in order to minimize the hazards related for those whose work includes exposure to radiation. The effects of occupational exposure to radiation are not always apparent in the short term and may take several years to manifest themselves. As such, it is important that epidemiological studies are performed to help establish any long term health effects that may be linked to radiation exposure.

Outputs: The linked de-identified data will be available to deemed employees of Health Canada within the Federal Research Data Centre (FRDC) and to other researchers within the Research Data Centers (RDC). Results of the study will serve to better inform the general public on cancer and mortality outcomes related to occupational exposure to radiation and will provide policymakers, employers and employees with information that may be used to guide health and safety legislation or workplace practices relating to occupational radiation exposure.

Municipal Wastewater Systems in Canada (MWSC): Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) Effluent Regulatory Reporting Information System (ERRIS) linkage to Census Data (006-2019)

Municipal Wastewater Systems in Canada (MWSC): Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) Effluent Regulatory Reporting Information System (ERRIS) linkage to Census Data (006-2019)

Purpose: The main objective of this project is to assign a population served value to records of wastewater (sewage) systems reported to Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) via the Effluent Regulatory Reporting Information System (ERRIS), as required under the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulation (WSER). The linkage will be on-going.

Output: The record linkage of census and WSER data is necessary to produce tables of population serviced by public wastewater (sewage) systems. These new tables will facilitate Canada's reporting obligations to the Organization for Economic Cooperative Development (OECD) and support new indicators for the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators (CESI).

Adding Gender to the Corporations Returns Act (CRA) database (007-2019)

Adding Gender to the Corporations Returns Act (CRA) database (007-2019)

Purpose: The Corporations Returns Act (CRA) program was identified as a potential source of information regarding gender diversity on corporate boards. Although the CRA does compile information on board governance and control, it does not collect information on the gender profile of the directors. The results of a record linkage between the CRA data and the Social Data Linkage Environment (SDLE) combined with imputation methods permit the integration of a sex field onto the CRA database. Statistics on the composition of corporate boards and more specifically on women having a governance role on boards of directors can then be produced. While information of this nature is produced by the private sector, their observations focus on boards of publicly traded corporations. The CRA provides information on board composition of public, private and government businesses. The CRA data compiles this detailed information at the enterprise level but also at the legal entity level. This provides further insight into the overall gender distribution of governance roles within the entire corporate structure and not solely from the top executive board of the enterprise. This initiative is aligned with the priorities of the Government regarding a diverse and inclusive Canada and also contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) as part of achieving gender equality.

Output: Only aggregate statistical outputs and analyses will be released, subject to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act. Disclosure control rules will be applied in order to safeguard the privacy of individual Canadians' personal information. Data validation processes will be established in order to ensure the accuracy of all disseminated materials, including tabulations and analytical products.

Between and within-firm earnings inequality in Canada (008-2019)

Between and within-firm earnings inequality in Canada (008-2019)

Purpose: This paper will combine business data with data on individual earnings to study trends in earnings inequality from 1998 to 2017. This study will investigate earnings at the individual as well as the firm level to determine the extent to which overall inequality levels are driven by earnings disparities between different firms and within firms.

Output: All access to the linked microdata file will be restricted to Statistics Canada personnel whose work activities require access. Only aggregate data that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. Findings will be used in research papers and in presentations at workshops and conferences.

Indian Register linked to tax data, (Longitudinal Indian Register Database (LIRD)) (009-2019)

Indian Register linked to tax data, (Longitudinal Indian Register Database (LIRD)) (009-2019)

Purpose: By combining the Indian Register (IR) with annual tax data, this database would allow First Nations governments and organizations, analysts, and government departments to better understand the income trends of the Registered Indian population, as well as the impact of various policies. Due to its longitudinal design, this database is able to provide economic indicators over time, accompanied by various socio-demographic characteristics that add depth and nuance to analyses. Specific cohorts can be followed and the effects of policies or programs can be more accurately measured. Since this database combines administrative data sources, response burden is reduced compared to a survey with similar content. Furthermore, administrative databases, such as this one, are not affected by sample size limitations and are able to produce reliable estimates at a detailed level.

Output: Only aggregate statistical outputs and analyses will be released, subject to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act. Disclosure control rules will be applied in order to safeguard the privacy of individual Canadians' personal information. Data validation processes will be established in order to ensure the accuracy of all disseminated materials, including tabulations and analytical products.

While the database is being developed and tested, and its analytical potential is being explored, preliminary statistical outputs will be shared for discussion and engagement purposes only. During this feasibility phase, outputs will be released to Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) / Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC), as well as to First Nations Governments, communities, and organizations, either on request or as part of planned engagement activities. Subsequent broader release of finalized statistical outputs will be considered in collaboration with stakeholders.

2016 Census of Population linkage to income tax files and benefits records to monitor tax filing behaviour and take-up rate of various benefit programs (011-2019)

2016 Census of Population linkage to income tax files and benefits records to monitor tax filing behaviour and take-up rate of various benefit programs (011-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of this linkage is to obtain information on possible barriers to families and individuals receiving various benefits programs, and to provide more direct evidence on the take-up rate for these programs. Receipt of many government benefits is contingent upon filing an income tax return. This project will provide analysis of T1 tax filing profile and take-up rates of various benefits programs according to socio-demographics characteristics, analysis of the incidence of benefit take-up and the benefit receipts according to income levels, and analysis of the characteristics of the non-filers or those who do not receive the grants.

Output: Only non-confidential aggregated tables, conforming to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act, will be released outside of Statistics Canada. Confidentiality rules for the Census would be applied to all products before release.

Linkage of the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health and Well-being – Canadian Forces (CCHS-CF) to the 2018 Canadian Armed Forces Members and Veterans Mental Health Follow-up Survey (CAFVMHS) (021-2019)

Linkage of the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health and Well-being – Canadian Forces (CCHS-CF) to the 2018 Canadian Armed Forces Members and Veterans Mental Health Follow-up Survey (CAFVMHS) (021-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of this project is to allow researchers in the Research Data Centres (RDCs) to link the Masterfile of the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health and Well-being – Canadian Forces (CCHS-CF) with the Masterfile of the 2018 Canadian Armed Forces Members and Veterans Mental Health Follow-up Survey (CAFVMHS). The linked file will provide longitudinal Canadian data that can be used to assess the impact of mental health disorders on a range of outcomes among military personnel.

Output: Only non-confidential aggregate statistics and analyses conforming to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. All products containing linked data will be disseminated in accordance with Statistics Canada's policies, guidelines and standards. Outputs from this linkage will include a wide range of analysis and standard data tables, as well as custom tabulations. The analytical file will not contain any personal identifiers. A concordance key will be retained indefinitely as part of this record linkage. The opportunity to produce the linked file will be made available to researchers at Statistics Canada's Research Data Centres.

Socioeconomic and Ethnocultural Disparities in Perinatal Health in Canada: Current Pattern and Changes Over Time (023-2019)

Socioeconomic and Ethnocultural Disparities in Perinatal Health in Canada: Current Pattern and Changes Over Time (023-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of the research project is to investigate disparities in perinatal outcomes such as preterm birth, stillbirth, and infant mortality by the ethnocultural and socioeconomic characteristics of parents, and examine how these have evolved over time. Knowledge of differential magnitudes of disparities across population groups is essential in developing policy and prioritizing potential intervention strategies.

Output: All access to the linked microdata file will be restricted to Statistics Canada personnel (including Statistics Canada deemed employees) whose work activities require access. Only aggregate data that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. Analytical datasets will be placed in the Research Data Centres (RDCs) and access will be granted following standard RDC approval process. Findings will be used in research papers and in presentations at workshops and conferences.

Linkage of the Canadian Housing Survey to historical income information, information on social and affordable housing, measures on proximity to services and measures on income dispersion in communities (024-2019)

Linkage of the Canadian Housing Survey to historical income information, information on social and affordable housing, measures on proximity to services and measures on income dispersion in communities (024-2019)

Purpose: The Canadian Housing Survey (CHS) is designed to fill a data need in support of the federal government's National Housing Strategy. The biennial survey helps track whether Canadians have housing that meets their needs and that they can afford.

The purpose of this linkage is to enrich the CHS program by making available more complementary information to all stakeholders. The additional information will assist with program and policy development to help Canadians with their housing decisions and improve their living standards, for example:

  • Historic income information would provide a more complete understanding of housing needs for Canadians in relation to their evolving circumstances over several years;
  • Social and affordable housing information would align affordable housing programs better to Canadians most in need; and
  • Insights from proximity to services and income dispersion measures would inform resource allocations to maximize individual housing experiences.

Output: Only non-confidential aggregated data and analytical products that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act and any applicable requirements of the Privacy Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. Linked analytical datasets (without any personal identifiers) to be accessible through the Research Data Centres.

Linkage of Labour Force Survey with Longitudinal Workers File (025-2019)

Linkage of Labour Force Survey with Longitudinal Workers File (025-2019)

Purpose: This projects will link Labour Force Survey (LFS) respondents from 2007 onwards with the Longitudinal Workers File (LWF). This linkage will extend the utility of these existing data sources using innovative methods and produce insightful longitudinal analyses in the form of publications and conference presentations. By using existing data from the LFS for a new purpose without introducing respondent burden, this linkage project is fully taking advantage of the available data already collected by Statistics Canada, and using it to advance innovative, in-depth concepts related to longitudinal labour market analysis. For example, identifying subgroups of the population who were vulnerable to labour market adversity beyond the 2009 recession could help inform future recession-related policies/programs.

Output: Access to the linked microdata files will be restricted to Statistics Canada personnel whose work activities require access. Only aggregate data that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. Key findings will be used to create research papers for publication in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at workshops and conferences.

The Economic and Environmental Impacts of Voluntary Energy Conservation Programs: Evidence from the Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (026-2019)

The Economic and Environmental Impacts of Voluntary Energy Conservation Programs: Evidence from the Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (026-2019)

Purpose: Voluntary programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are an important policy instrument due to their potential to improve environmental outcomes without imposing externally mandated costs. This study will provide a better understanding of the effectiveness of the Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC) at reducing energy consumption in manufacturing establishments. In addition, it will study the indirect impact of the CIPEC program on the economic performance (e.g., productivity, output and investment) of manufacturing establishments. The study will use a dataset created by linking Statistics Canada's Annual Survey of Manufacturing, General Index of Financial Information and the CIPEC program data between 2000 and 2012. The findings will help establish the basis for the evaluation of the economic impact of the CIPEC and other voluntary programs.

Output: Only non-confidential aggregate statistical outputs and analyses that conform to the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act will be released outside of Statistics Canada. The information will be presented in the form of tables of regression results and summary statistics related to the project's goal of evaluation the CIPEC program.