Statistics on Indigenous peoples

Statistics on
Indigenous peoples


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The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada website refers to individuals identifying themselves as 'First Nations people, Métis or Inuit'.

Key indicators

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Selected geographical area: Canada

Selected geographical area: Newfoundland and Labrador

Selected geographical area: Prince Edward Island

Selected geographical area: Nova Scotia

Selected geographical area: New Brunswick

Selected geographical area: Quebec

Selected geographical area: Ontario

Selected geographical area: Manitoba

Selected geographical area: Saskatchewan

Selected geographical area: Alberta

Selected geographical area: British Columbia

Selected geographical area: Yukon

Selected geographical area: Northwest Territories

Selected geographical area: Nunavut

Find data on

Crime and victimization

Includes information on adult criminal courts, corrections, crime reporting, victim services, children and youth, and violence against Indigenous women.

Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups

Includes demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous peoples.

Education, learning and skills

Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use.

Health and well-being

The health of Indigenous people and communities in Canada, including self-rated health, chronic conditions, well-being, life expectancy, and accessibility to health providers and services.

Income and spending

Individual and family income by source, and spending in Indigenous households.

Indigenous children

Demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous children, and data on health and well-being.

Indigenous population profiles

Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Indigenous population available for various geographic areas.

Labour and employment

Measures of labour market activity, such as employment, characteristics of jobs held, and unemployment.

Language and culture

Information is available on home language, mother tongue; ability to speak or understand an Indigenous language, the strength and vitality of Indigenous languages and factors associated with perpetuating and revitalizing these languages.

Living arrangements and housing

Information about housing conditions, house features, crowding, and unmet shelter needs for Indigenous peoples.

Other content related to Indigenous peoples

The objectives of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are to identify the needs of Aboriginal peoples and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples.

Population with Aboriginal identity across Canada

Census Program Data Viewer, 2016 Census - Percentage of the population with Aboriginal identity

Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer.

Looking for data on your community?

  • Aboriginal Liaison Program

    The Aboriginal Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Aboriginal organizations.

  • Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census

    This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. Data are available for the Aboriginal identity population by age groups for selected socio-demographic characteristics.

  • Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

    Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product.

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