Income and Expenditure Accounts Technical Series
Canadian Culture Satellite Account, 2010
To measure the culture sector's contribution to the Canadian economy, a four-year comprehensive feasibility study was undertaken in collaboration with the Department of Canadian Heritage and its partners in 2008. The goal of the study was to develop a sound methodology, based on recognized international accounting standards, able to produce measures of culture aggregates. The study was broken down into four phases, with each phase building upon the last.
The first phase focused on three pilot culture industries: 'motion picture and video industries', 'performing arts, spectator sports and related industries' and 'heritage institutions' and their principal commodity outputs. A basic methodology for identifying and separating culture content was developed. This phase determined that although some culture industries and culture commodities were well defined within the CSNA, (specifically the Canadian Input-Output Tables, others were not. Disaggregation of the Input-Output tables was required in order to measure the culture content accurately. It was recommended that the disaggregation use survey and tax data to identify and extract the culture component within these industries.
The second phase expanded the scope to include all culture industries for all domains and sub-domains including culture industries for transversal domains (support, education and multi-domain). As well, sport industries were included, thus creating a sport domain. A methodology was developed to effectively identify the culture content of an industry (i.e. the culture production of an industry as a proportion of all the production of that industry). The measurement of Culture GDP and Sport GDP were also introduced.
The third phase focused on updating the CSA to reflect newly developed I- O commodity and industry classifications. The 2009 I-O tables were restructured as part of their modernization with more service commodities and more service producing industries which will benefit the CSA.
The final phase consisted of building of an experimental CSA using 2009 Input-Output data. The positive results of the feasibility study led to the creation of the 2010 Canadian CSA.
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