Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.
A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research
Dynamics of smoking cessation and health-related quality of life among Canadians
by Margot Shields, Rochelle E. Garner and Kathryn Wilkins
Several decades of research have established the causal relationship between tobacco smoking and a variety of adverse health effects. In response, anti-smoking legislation has been enacted (including smoking bans and requirements for health-related warnings on cigarette packages), social norms have shifted, and the percentage of smokers among Canadians aged 15 or older has fallen from 35% in 1985 to 17% in 2010.
Smoking, smoking cessation and heart disease risk: A 16-year follow-up study
by Margot Shields and Kathryn Wilkins
Heart disease is the second-leading cause of death in Canada, accounting for just over 20% of all deaths in 2009. Thirty years ago, the U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cardiovascular Disease concluded that smoking is causally related to coronary heart disease for both men and women.
- Date modified: