A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research
Dynamics of smoking cessation and health-related quality of life among Canadians
by Margot Shields, Rochelle E. Garner and Kathryn Wilkins
Several decades of research have established the causal relationship between tobacco smoking and a variety of adverse health effects. In response, anti-smoking legislation has been enacted (including smoking bans and requirements for health-related warnings on cigarette packages), social norms have shifted, and the percentage of smokers among Canadians aged 15 or older has fallen from 35% in 1985 to 17% in 2010.
Smoking, smoking cessation and heart disease risk: A 16-year follow-up study
by Margot Shields and Kathryn Wilkins
Heart disease is the second-leading cause of death in Canada, accounting for just over 20% of all deaths in 2009. Thirty years ago, the U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cardiovascular Disease concluded that smoking is causally related to coronary heart disease for both men and women.
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