Smoking, 2010

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death2.

In 2010, 6.0 million (20.8%) Canadians aged 12 and older smoked either daily or occasionally— 24.2% of males and 17.4% of females (Chart 1). For males, this was a significant increase from 22.6% in 2009, and a return to about the same level as in 2008. For females there was no change from 2009, though it was a significant decrease from 18.5% in 2008.

The percentage of teenage smokers aged 16 to 19 decreased from 28.7% in 2001 to 20.1% in 2005. It has remained relatively stable since. (Chart 1).

Chart 1
Percentage who smoke daily or occasionally, by sex and for age group 16 to 19, household population aged 12 or older, Canada, 2001 to 2010

Description

Chart 1 Percentage  who smoke daily or occasionally, by sex and for age group 16 to 19, household population  aged 12 or older, Canada, 2001 to 2010

Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.

Although the lowest smoking rates were at both ends of the age spectrum, the types of smokers were different. Among seniors who were smokers, 82.5% smoked daily, while 52.6% of smokers aged 12 to 17 did so. Non-smokers in these age groups were different as well: 60.2% of senior non-smokers were actually former smokers, compared with 7.5% of non-smokers aged 12 to 17.

Chart 2
Percentage who smoke daily or occasionally, by age group and sex, household population aged 12 or older, Canada , 2010

Description

Chart 2 Percentage who smoke daily  or occasionally, by age group and sex, household population aged 12 or  older,  Canada , 2010

E Use with caution (coefficient of variation 16.6% to 33.3%).
Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, 2010.

People typically begin smoking during their teenage years, so the percentage of Canadians who have not started smoking by age 20 is an indicator of future smoking rates. In 2010, 50.2% of Canadians aged 20 to 24 had never smoked, about the same as in 2009, though an increase from 2008 (Chart 3).

Chart 3
Percentage who never smoked, by sex, household population aged 20 to 24, Canada, 2001 to 2010

Description

Chart 3 Percentage who never smoked,  by sex, household population aged 20 to 24, Canada, 2001 to 2010

Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.

The percentage of residents who smoked was below the national average in Ontario (19.3%) and British Columbia (17.4%). Smoking rates in Quebec (23.3%), Alberta (22.7%), Yukon (27.9%), Northwest Territories (41.7%) and Nunavut (54.4%) were significantly above the national average. In the other provinces, the percentages were not significantly different from the national rate.


End notes

  1. Shields, Margot. 2005. "The journey to quitting smoking." Health Reports. Vol. 16, no. 3. May. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003. page 19. /studies-etudes/82-003/archive/2005/7839-eng.pdf (accessed May 11, 2010).
  2. World Health Organization. 2008. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008: The MPOWER Package. Geneva.

References

Shields, Margot. 2007. "Smoking bans: Influence on smoking prevalence." Health Reports. Vol. 18, no. 3. August. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003. pages 9–24. /pub/82-003-x/2006008/article/smoking-tabac/10306-eng.pdf (accessed May 11, 2010).

Shields, Margot. 2005. "The journey to quitting smoking." Health Reports. Vol. 16, no. 3. May. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003. pages 19–36. /studies-etudes/82-003/archive/2005/7839-eng.pdf (accessed May 11, 2010).

Shields, Margot. 2005. "Youth smoking." Health Reports. Vol.16, nno 3. May. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003. p. 53–57. /studies-etudes/82-003/archive/2005/7840-eng.pdf (accessed May 11, 2010).

World Health Organization. 2008. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008: The MPOWER Package. Geneva.

Data

Additional data from the Canadian Community Health Survey are available from CANSIM table 105–0501 and summary tables Smokers, by age group and sex and Smokers, by sex, provinces and territories.

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