Table 7
Youth accused of selected violations, by most serious offence, Canada, 2007 and 2008

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Type of violation 2007r 2008 Percent change in rate 2007 to 2008
Number charged Number cleared otherwise1 Total Total rate Number charged Number cleared otherwise1 Total Total rate
number rate number rate percent
Population (aged 12 to 17) 2,615,278 ... ... ... 2,580,897 ... ... ... ...
Total - all violations 88,715 115,979 204,694 7,827 85,000 109,635 194,635 7,541 -4
Total Criminal Code violations (excluding traffic)–"Crime rate" 75,630 101,767 177,397 6,783 71,340 95,221 166,561 6,454 -5
Total violent Criminal Code violations2 24,689 26,313 51,002 1,950 23,681 25,016 48,697 1,887 -3
Homicide3 74 3 77 3 55 1 56 2 -26
Other violations causing death 11 4 15 1 6 0 6 0 -59
Attempted murder 53 0 53 2 58 1 59 2 13
Sexual assault - level 3 - aggravated 4 0 4 0 9 5 14 1 255
Sexual assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm 31 14 45 2 29 10 39 2 -12
Sexual assault - level 1 1,131 1,016 2,147 82 1,155 1,041 2,196 85 4
Sexual violations against children4 10 13 23 1 50 37 87 3 100
Assault - level 3 - aggravated 475 44 519 20 466 32 498 19 -3
Assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm 5,086 2,691 7,777 297 4,510 2,366 6,876 266 -10
Assault - level 1 8,783 13,693 22,476 859 8,731 13,068 21,799 845 -2
Assault police officer 851 216 1,067 41 834 149 983 38 -7
Other assaults 251 128 379 14 222 129 351 14 -6
Firearms - use of, discharge, pointing 99 182 281 11 95 129 224 9 -19
Robbery 4,107 633 4,740 181 3,827 587 4,414 171 -6
Forcible confinement or kidnapping 271 46 317 12 269 44 313 12 0
Abduction 2 2 4 0 4 0 4 0 1
Extortion 153 63 216 8 117 56 173 7 -19
Criminal harassment 279 894 1,173 45 301 895 1,196 46 3
Uttering threats 2,694 5,336 8,030 307 2,660 5,371 8,031 311 1
Threatening or harassing phone calls 66 1,108 1,174 45 76 861 937 36 -19
Other violent Criminal Code violations 258 227 485 19 207 234 441 17 -8
Total non-violent Criminal Code violations (excluding traffic) 50,941 75,454 126,395 4,833 47,659 70,205 117,864 4,567 -6
Breaking and entering 7,443 5,591 13,034 498 6,445 4,866 11,311 438 -12
Possess stolen property 4,918 3,163 8,081 309 4,500 3,100 7,600 294 -5
Theft of motor vehicle 2,280 2,013 4,293 164 1,871 1,899 3,770 146 -11
Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle) 164 132 296 11 150 181 331 13 13
Theft under $5,000 (non-motor vehicle) 8,974 28,086 37,060 1,417 8,600 26,140 34,740 1,346 -5
Fraud 1,060 1,318 2,378 91 1,105 1,256 2,361 91 1
Mischief 6,352 20,716 27,068 1,035 6,105 19,411 25,516 989 -4
Arson 553 939 1,492 57 483 805 1,288 50 -13
Counterfeiting 57 117 174 7 82 75 157 6 -9
Weapons violations 1,662 1,523 3,185 122 1,567 1,401 2,968 115 -6
Child pornography 23 61 84 3 15 37 52 2 -37
Prostitution 22 13 35 1 22 12 34 1 -2
Disturb the peace 655 7,312 7,967 305 618 6,902 7,520 291 -4
Administration of justice violations 15,296 2,714 18,010 689 14,712 2,542 17,254 669 -3
Other non-violent Criminal Code violations 1,482 1,756 3,238 124 1,384 1,578 2,962 115 -7
Total Criminal Code traffic violations 8 418 426 16 7 466 473 18 13
Impaired driving5 143 143 5 176 176 7 25
Other Criminal Code traffic violations 8 275 283 11 7 290 297 12 6
Total federal statute violations 13,077 13,794 26,871 1,027 13,653 13,948 27,601 1,069 4
Possession - cannabis 3,844 9,868 13,712 524 4,169 9,894 14,063 545 4
Possession - cocaine 285 104 389 15 209 105 314 12 -18
Possession - other Controlled Drugs and
Substances Act
drugs
402 920 1,322 51 453 915 1,368 53 5
Trafficking, production or distribution–cannabis 1,251 593 1,844 71 1,257 551 1,808 70 -1
Trafficking, production or distribution–cocaine 617 53 670 26 547 60 607 24 -8
Trafficking, production or distribution–other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act drugs 416 192 608 23 357 166 523 20 -13
Youth Criminal Justice Act 5,347 927 6,274 240 5,591 1,056 6,647 258 7
Other federal statutes 915 1,137 2,052 78 1,070 1,201 2,271 88 12
1. An incident is "cleared otherwise" when police have identified at least one accused and there is sufficient evidence to lay a charge in connection with the incident, but the accused is processed by other means. In the case of youths, this could include formal measures such as a Crown caution or extrajudicial sanctions, or informal measures such as a police warning or diversion to a community program.
2. The violent crime rate has been expanded to include a number of offences not previously included in the violent crime rate, including uttering threats, criminal harassment and forcible confinement. Data using this definition of violent crime are available back to 1998.
3. The 2008 count includes one accused under the age of 12.
4. Sexual offences against children is a new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2008. As a result, numbers and rates should not be directly compared to data from previous years.
5. Counts of youths formally charged with impaired driving are not currently available.
Notes: Figures presented here include a small number of accused under the age of 12. Youth accused equals youth cleared by charge and youth cleared otherwise (e.g. application of extrajudicial measures). Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 youth aged 12 to 17. The population estimates come from Statistics Canada, Demography Division. Populations as of July 1st: updated postcensal estimates for 2007 and preliminary postcensal estimates for 2008.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.
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